Parachinar

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Parachinar
Parachiner, Pārachinār
City
Parachinar is located in Pakistan
Parachinar
Parachinar
Coordinates: 33°53′57″N 70°6′3″E / 33.89917°N 70.10083°E / 33.89917; 70.10083Coordinates: 33°53′57″N 70°6′3″E / 33.89917°N 70.10083°E / 33.89917; 70.10083
Country  Pakistan
Extra Provincial Subdivision FATA
Tribal Agency Kurram Valley
Elevation 1,705 m (5,597 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PST (DST) (UTC+6)
[1]

Parachinar (Urdu: پاراچنار‎, Pashto: پاړا چنار‎) is the capital of Kurram Agency, and the largest city of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. Parachinar is situated on a neck of Pakistani territory south of Peshawar, that juts into Paktia Province of Afghanistan. It is the closest point in Pakistan to Kabul and borders on the Tora Bora region of Afghanistan. Turi, Bangash, Orakzai, Zazai, Mangal and Para Tsamkani are the major tribes in Parachinar. Parachinar has four seasons. Parachinar is very famous for its fresh fruits and fresh vegetables.

History[edit]

The name Parachinar may derive from a large Chinar tree at a place now encompassed by the headquarters of Kurram Agency. Alternatively, there is in the Kurram Agency a tribe known as the Para-chamkani, which is remembered to have convened meetings under a Chinar tree to resolve their social matters.[2] The previous name, used when Karram was part of Afghanistan, is Tutki, still used by the Afghan people. The inhabitants of Tutki are called Tutkiwal.

Parachinar originated as a summer residence for nomadic tribes who wintered their livestock at lower altitudes, and the district had originally been a summer residence for Moghul emperors from Delhi. The Parachinar region was part of Afghanistan before the Second Afghan War of 1878-79, but was not firmly annexed by the British due to resistance from local tribes until 1892. During the colonial era and 1947, Parachinar became a hill station for people from Peshawar; as it is relatively cool in the summer and very easy to reach from the plains despite its high altitude since there are no steep ascents on the route from Peshawar.

Because of its proximity to the border of Afghanistan, in recent years, the economy of Parachinar has been adversely affected, with tourism in steep decline.

Climate[edit]

Parachinar has a moderate humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with much higher rainfall than most areas of Pakistan adjacent to Afghanistan. Although the city’s southeasterly aspect relative to the valley in which it is situated allows it to receive on occasions significant monsoonal rainfall, the most frequent source of rain is western depressions and related thunderstorms. During the winter, snowfall is common, and frosts occur on most mornings. Snow closes the Peiwar Pass, located on the Paktia border just over 20 km west of Parachinar, for up to five months per year.

Climate data for Parachinar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
20.2
(68.4)
29.0
(84.2)
31.7
(89.1)
37.4
(99.3)
38.6
(101.5)
36.4
(97.5)
34.6
(94.3)
36.2
(97.2)
32.2
(90)
26.3
(79.3)
23.0
(73.4)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
10.4
(50.7)
14.9
(58.8)
21.3
(70.3)
26.6
(79.9)
30.7
(87.3)
29.6
(85.3)
28.4
(83.1)
27.1
(80.8)
23.2
(73.8)
18.2
(64.8)
12.7
(54.9)
21.08
(69.96)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.8
(40.6)
9.6
(49.3)
15.6
(60.1)
20.3
(68.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
23.5
(74.3)
21.3
(70.3)
16.7
(62.1)
11.5
(52.7)
6.7
(44.1)
15.27
(59.48)
Average low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.2
(39.6)
9.9
(49.8)
14.1
(57.4)
18.3
(64.9)
19.5
(67.1)
18.5
(65.3)
15.6
(60.1)
10.2
(50.4)
5.0
(41)
0.7
(33.3)
9.47
(49.05)
Record low °C (°F) −15
(5)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.2
(41.4)
8.0
(46.4)
13.3
(55.9)
12.8
(55)
6.1
(43)
3.4
(38.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−7.2
(19)
−15
(5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 44.9
(1.768)
73.3
(2.886)
127.3
(5.012)
87.6
(3.449)
65.8
(2.591)
44.8
(1.764)
107.1
(4.217)
102.2
(4.024)
55.1
(2.169)
22.4
(0.882)
17.4
(0.685)
33.8
(1.331)
781.7
(30.778)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 214.5 198.8 209.4 233.5 292.1 297.3 285.7 280.6 270.2 284.3 260.1 199.2 3,025.7
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [3]

Durand Line Agreement at Parachinar[edit]

In 1893, during the rule of AMIR Asif Rahman Khan BANGASH of Afghanistan, a Royal Commission for demarcating a Boundary between Afghanistan and the territory of British governed India negotiated terms, agreeing to the Durand line. Two parties camped at Parachinar, now part of FATA Pakistan, which is near Khost Afghanistan.

From the British side the camp was attended by Sir Mortimer Durand and Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum, Political Agent Khyber. The Afghanistan interest was represented by Sahibzada Abdul Latif and the Governor Khost Sardar Shireendil Khan, representing King Amir Abdur Rahman Khan.[4]

Demography[edit]

The population consisted of largely pashto speaking Syed, Turi, Bangash, Orakzai, Mangal, Para Tsamkani, Zazai, Malekhel, Ghilzai, Muqbil, Hazara, Khoshi and as well as a Sikh community.[5]

Health Department[edit]

Agency surgeon is the head of local health department, which is also an 18 grade officer. Medical superintendent is the head of Agency headquarters hospital, who is a 19 grade officer.

Education[edit]

Notable public schools in Parachinar are Paragons Innovative Public School (PIPS) International Public School Teri Mangal, Chinar Public High school, pilot model high school, Kurram public high school, Oxford public school, Islamia public school, Kohsar Public High School, Allama Iqbal Public High School, Uswa Public High School, Alamdar Public School Situated at Mahora in Lower Kurram and two government high schools, Government High School No. 1 and Government High School No 2.

There are three government colleges: Government Post Graduate College Parachinar, Government College of Management Sciences Parachinar, and Benezir College for Girls Parachinar.[citation needed]

Rest Houses in Parachinar[edit]

  • Circuit House
  • Chapri Rest House (Approx 9,941 feet High)
  • Malana dam rest house

See also[edit]

References[edit]