Paradox Development Studio

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Not to be confused with Paradox Interactive.
Paradox Development Studio
Subsidiary of Paradox Interactive
Industry Video game industry
Founded 1995
Headquarters Stockholm, Sweden
Area served
Key people
Johan Andersson (Studio Manager)
Products Europa Universalis IV
Hearts of Iron III
Crusader Kings II
Victoria II
Number of employees
Parent Paradox Interactive
Website website

Paradox Development Studio is a Swedish video game developer founded in 1995. It is closely associated with its parent company and video game publisher, Paradox Interactive. It is best known for its grand strategy game series Europa Universalis, Hearts of Iron, Crusader Kings, and Victoria.


Paradox Development Studio is based on the heritage of the Swedish board game company Target Games and has been a game developer of PC-focused grand strategy games since 1995. From the start, Target Games designed board games and created the PC Game named Svea Rike, based on a board game. The company continued to create PC games and in 1999 the company was divided into two separate entities: Paradox Interactive which focused on developing grand strategy games for PC and Paradox Entertainment which focused on creating board games and role-playing games.

Paradox Interactive began to self-publish their own strategy games and quickly expanded their portfolio by publishing PC games from other development studios.

In January 2012, the company divided yet again into two companies—Paradox Interactive became the game publisher focused on PC games of various genres and Paradox Development Studio became the game development studio focused on grand strategy games. The Stockholm based studio Paradox Development Studio is the developer behind franchises such as Europa Universalis, Crusader Kings,[2] Hearts of Iron[3] and Victoria.

The game development studio was one of the first video game developers to coin the genre "Grand Strategy"[4] and most of the games the studio has developed falls into that category. Grand strategy games are historical strategy games that usually cover the entire world map and include elements such as economy, diplomacy and warfare. The games developed by Paradox Development Studio are all highly moddable and support multiplayer for up to 32 players. Paradox Development Studio currently consists of 32 persons working on four parallel projects.[5] The studio manager Johan Andersson has led the game development team since Target Games. Several of the studios members have a background from the modding and beta testing community; including members such as project lead Henrik Fåhraeus, project lead Thomas Johansson and game designer Chris King.

The studio's game, Crusader Kings II, is one of the highest rated games of 2012 according to Metacritic.[6] In August 2013 the development studio released Europa Universalis IV,[7][8] the latest installment in their empire building series.

Clausewitz Engine[edit]

In 2007 the Paradox Development Studio debuted a proprietary game engine, titled Clausewitz, in Europa Universalis III which has been put to use in every game developed by PDS since. The engine provides a 3D view of part or the totality of the world map, depending on the played game. Sengoku was the first game utilizing the Clausewitz 2.5 engine.

List of video games[edit]

List of games developed by Paradox Development Studio.[9]

Name Released Expansions
Europa Universalis 14 March 2000
Europa Universalis II 12 November 2001
Hearts of Iron 24 November 2002
Victoria: An Empire Under the Sun 7 May 2003
  • Revolutions (17 August 2006)
Crusader Kings 27 August 2004
  • Deus Vult (4 October 2007)
Hearts of Iron II 4 January 2005
  • Doomsday (4 April 2006)
  • Armageddon (29 March 2007)
Europa Universalis III 23 January 2007
  • Napoleon's Ambition (22 August 2007)
  • In Nomine (28 May 2008)
  • Heir to the Throne (15 December 2009)
  • Divine Wind (14 December 2010)
Europa Universalis: Rome 15 April 2008
  • Vae Victis (19 November 2008)
Hearts of Iron III 7 August 2009
  • Semper Fi (6 June 2010)
  • For the Motherland (28 June 2011)
  • Their Finest Hour (26 September 2012)
Victoria II 13 August 2010
  • A House Divided (2 February 2012)
  • Heart of Darkness (16 April 2013)
Sengoku 13 September 2011
Crusader Kings II 14 February 2012
  • Sword of Islam (26 June 2012)
  • Legacy of Rome (16 October 2012)
  • Sunset Invasion (15 November 2012)
  • The Republic (15 January 2013)
  • The Old Gods (28 May 2013)
  • Sons of Abraham (18 November 2013)
  • Rajas of India (25 March 2014)
  • Charlemagne (14 October 2014)
  • Way of Life (16 December 2014)
March of the Eagles 19 February 2013
Europa Universalis IV 13 August 2013
  • Conquest of Paradise (14 January 2014)
  • Wealth of Nations (29 May 2014)
  • Res Publica (16 July 2014)
  • Art of War (30 October 2014)
  • El Dorado (26 February 2015)
Hearts Of Iron IV Q2 2015

In addition to this list there are two other titles developed in the early 2000s when the studio was part of Paradox Entertainment, Crown of the North and Two Thrones, both part of the Svea Rike series.

List of upcoming projects[edit]

Code Name Announced Name Release Date
Project Armstrong Hearts of Iron IV Q2 2015
Project Augustus TBA TBA
Project Titus TBA TBA
Project Tiberius TBA TBA

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Andersson, Johan (June 19, 2012). "Paradox Development Studio - Overview". Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ Crusader Kings II Sword of Islam DLC due with next patch (retrieved on 26th June 2012)
  3. ^ New Expansion Announced (retrieved on 26th June 2012)
  4. ^ Paradox Past Present and Future (retrieved on August 16, 2012)
  5. ^ Johan Andersson (June 19, 2012). "Paradox Development Studio - Overview". Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  6. ^ The 25 Best PC Games (retrieved on August 16, 2012)
  7. ^ Europa Universalis IV Announced - Official Company Press release (retrieved on 26th June 2012)
  8. ^ Europa Universalis IV Announced- Official Company Press release at Gamasutra (retrieved on 26th June 2012)
  9. ^ Publishing Development Studio Jobs Contact Internships (2013-04-30). "Development Studio - Paradox Interactive". Retrieved 2013-05-11.