|Sound change and alternation|
Paragoge (//; from Greek: παραγωγή; adj. paragogic //), is the addition of a sound to the end of a word. Often, this is due to nativization. It is a type of epenthesis, most commonly vocalic epenthesis.
Some languages have undergone paragoge as a sound change, so that modern forms are longer than the historical forms they are derived from. Italian sono 'I am' from Latin SUM is an example. Sometimes, as here, the paragogic vowel is an echo vowel.
Paragoge in loanwords
Languages that do not allow words to end in certain or any consonants will add a dummy vowel to the end of loanwords from other languages that include a forbidden final consonant.
- English rack becomes Finnish räkki
- English girl becomes Japanese Gyaru
- Arabic ‘araq became raki in Modern Greek
- Crowley, Terry. (1997) An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.
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