Paraguayan People's Army insurgency

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Paraguayan People's Army insurgency
EPP insurgency departments.png
Departments where EPP attacks have taken place
Date 2005 – present
Location Northern Paraguay
Result Conflict ongoing
Belligerents
Paraguay Government of Paraguay

Supported by:


Paraguayan People's Army

Supported by:

Commanders and leaders
Paraguay Nicanor Duarte
(2005–2008)
Paraguay Fernando Lugo
(2008–2012)
Paraguay Federico Franco
(2012–2013)
Paraguay Horacio Cartes
(2013 – )
Celso Fernando Coronel
Strength
~400 Army soldiers deployed ~150[3]
Casualties and losses
~50 killed since 2005[4]

The Paraguayan People’s Army insurgency, also named the EPP rebellion (from the group's name in Spanish: Ejército del Pueblo Paraguayo), is an ongoing small-scale guerrilla campaign in Northern Paraguay. The insurgency began in 2005, after several members of the Partido Patria Libre formed the Paraguayan People’s Army. From 2005 until August 2014, EPP attacks have resulted in the deaths of least 50 civilians and members of the security forces, as well as several insurgents. During the same period the group perpetrated 28 kidnappings for ransom and a total of 85 "violent acts".[4] The Government of Paraguay suspects the EPP has ties to the Colombian rebel group FARC.[5][6]

Background[edit]

The Partido Patria Libre, EPP's precursor, emerged in 1992.[7] Its first significant action was the 2001 kidnapping of María Edith Bordón de Debernardi.Her husband, businessman Antonio Debernardi, paid 1 million $ for her release.[2]

In 2004, the group kidnapped Cecilia Cubas, the daughter of the former president of Paraguay Raúl Cubas.Despite receiving a ransom of 300,000 $ the kidnappers killed Cubas.[8]

After the PPL was taken apart by security forces in 2005, several members decided to form a new group with which to continue the armed struggle.[9]Adopting it's current name in 2008.[7]

Timeline[edit]

2009[edit]

  • 31 December 2009 – EPP members attacked a small military outpost in the San Pedro department, stealing weapons and burning it to the ground.[10]
  • 1 August 2009 – Paraguayan police discovered an EPP forest encampement in the Concepcion department.The occupants managed to escape after briefly firing shots.Food,plans for future activities and approximately 27.900 $ were seized.[11]
  • 29 August 2009 – EPP detonated an IED at the Paraguayan Palace of Justice.The explosion caused minor property damage.[12]

2010[edit]

Celso Fernando Coronel,current EPP leader.
  • 21 April 2010 – The aftermath of a shootout between EPP members and security forces in Arroyito leaves one policeman and three private guards dead.[13]
  • May 2010 – 4 security guards were killed by EPP after accidentaly discovering an EPP encampment.Following the incident,a 30 day state of emergency was declared in five provinces.With 3000 soldiers and policemen deployed to combat the rebels.[14][15]
  • September 2010 – High ranking EPP members Nimio Cardozo and Gabriel Zárate Cardozo were killed in a police operation.[16]

2011[edit]

  • 17 January 2011 – explosives planted by EPP injure five people in the town of Horqueta.[13]
  • April 2011 – A police officer and three ranch workers are killed by EPP.[17]
  • May 2011 – Jesús Ortiz, an EPP logistics co-ordinator is captured.[17]
  • July 2011 – EPP claimed responsibility of a sabotage action on a farm in the department of Concepción, in which farm machinery was destroyed.[13]

2012[edit]

  • September 2012 – One policeman is killed and one is seriously injured after an EPP attack in the town of Azotey.[18]
  • 16 November 2012 – Authorities detained three members of the EPP’s logistics branch in the area of Tacuatí.[16]

2013[edit]

  • June 2013 – A rancher is killed by EPP.[19]
  • August 2013 – Five people were killed by suspected EPP militants near San Pedro.[20]
  • 15 August – Paraguay's new President Horacio Cartes announces an assault on the EPP, sending 400 troops to the north of the country.[21]
  • November 2013 – EPP members perpetrated an attack that left 5 people dead in the area of Tacuatí.[22]
  • December 2013 – EPP guerrillas killed a rancher and a government soldier in two separate attacks.[23]

2014[edit]

  • April 2014 – 2 EPP guerillas and a soldier were killed after an attack against a Brasilian-owned property in the province of Concepción. One of the two EPP members was the group's reported third-in-command. The insurgents managed to kidnap the 16-year old son of the farmers during their escape. [6]
  • July 4–5, 2014 – A police officer was kidnapped in the north of the country, a day after an electricity tower was bombed near Wye in Concepción Province. The attack disrupted the electricity supply to approximately 90,000 residents, most of them in Pedro Juan Caballero in the neighboring Amambay Department. Damages were estimated at over 1 million $ in total.[4][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "La Nacion Article". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "FARC-EPP links". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Combatant Estimate". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Attacks Sign of Growing EPP Strength in Paraguay Despite Security Crackdown". InSight Crime. 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  5. ^ "Paraguay on alert for FARC-EPP ties (Dialogo)". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Paraguay Lauds Heavy Blow to EPP After Leader's Killing – InSight Crime | Organized Crime in the Americas". InSight Crime. 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  7. ^ a b "EPP Origins". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Cubas Kidnapping". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Díaz, Natalia Ruiz (May 4, 2010). "Paraguay: Controversy Over Troop Deployment". ¡Presente!. 
  10. ^ "EPP Cable (January 2009)". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "EPP Cable (1 August 2009)". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "EPP Cable (29 August 2009)". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "Council on Hemispheric Affairs". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Al Jazeera Report". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "France 24 Report". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Dialogo Americas Article". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Economist Article". Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "Pulsa America". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Paraguay Launches Anti-Guerrilla Offensive After Rancher Assassination – InSight Crime | Organized Crime in the Americas". InSight Crime. 2013-06-03. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  20. ^ "BBC News – Paraguay 'EPP leftist rebels' kill five in San Pedro". Bbc.com. 2013-08-18. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  21. ^ "100 Days In, Paraguay President's War on EPP Sees Little Progress – InSight Crime | Organized Crime in the Americas". InSight Crime. 2013-11-22. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  22. ^ "NY Times Article". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  23. ^ "Insight Crime". Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "Sabotage Damage (La Nacion)". Retrieved 4 September 2014.