Paraguayan general election, 2013

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Paraguayan general election, 2013
Paraguay
2008 ←
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Turnout 68.57%
  Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg No image.svg
Candidate Horacio Cartes Efraín Alegre
Party ANR-PC PLRA
Popular vote 48.5% 39.1%

President before election

Federico Franco
PLRA

President-elect

Horacio Cartes
ANR-PC

Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

General elections were held in Paraguay on 21 April 2013.[1] They resulted in a return to power of the Colorado Party that had ruled the country for 60 years before losing power in 2008. The presidential elections were won by the Colorado Party's Horacio Cartes, who defeated Efraín Alegre of the Paraguay Alegre alliance.[2] The Colorado Party also won the most seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.

Background[edit]

Former President Lugo, impeached in June 2012

In the previous general elections in 2008 Fernando Lugo was elected President. However, he was unable to serve out his full term after being controversially impeached in a 48-hour period in June 2012, following an eviction at a farm that led to the death of six police and eleven farmers. Lugo was replaced by his vice-president Federico Franco. Following the impeachment, Paraguay was suspended from Mercosur and Unasur, with the country accused of a Congressional coup.[3]

Candidates[edit]

Eleven candidates contested the presidential election:[4]

Presidential candidate Vice-presidential candidate Party
Efraín Alegre Rafael Filizzola Paraguay Alegre[a]
Ricardo Almada Librada Martinez White Party
Eduardo Arce Gloria Bareiro Workers' Party
Aníbal Carrillo Iramain Rafael Aguayo Guasú Front[b]
Miguel Carrizosa Arsenio Ocampos Beloved Fatherland Party
Horacio Cartes Juan Afara Colorado Party
Roberto Ferreira Luis Vallejos Paraguayan Humanist Party
Mario Ferreiro Cynthia Brizuela Forward Country[c]
Atanasio Galeano Digno Valdez Partido Patria Libre
Lino César Oviedo Sánchez Luis Villamayor National Union of Ethical Citizens
Lilian Soto Maguiorina Balbuena Kuña Pyrenda

Coalitions formed for the election included the:

c Forward Country (Avanza País), a centre-left alliance including, amongst others, the Revolutionary Febrerista Party and the Christian Democratic Party.

b Frente Guasú, a left-wing alliance including, amongst others, the Party for a Country of Solidarity and the Paraguayan Communist Party.

a Paraguay Alegre (lit. Happy Paraguay, alluding to their candidate's name), a centrist alliance including, amongst others, the Authentic Radical Liberal Party, the Democratic Progressive Party and the National Encounter Party.

On the night of 2 February 2013, Lino Oviedo Silva, the candidate of the right-wing National Union of Ethical Citizens, died in a helicopter accident near Puerto Antequera, in the Chaco region. His death was confirmed the following day, when the national police rescue team found the three burnt corpses of Oviedo, the plane's pilot, and a bodyguard. His candidacy was taken over by his nephew Lino Oviedo Sánchez.[5]

Campaign[edit]

Reporters without Borders said in April 2013 that "Paraguay continues to be a dangerous country for journalists, in part because of the links between politics and organized crime, which were widely criticized during the campaign." It noted that two television stations (the public TV Pública and private Canal 9 SNT) had refused to air a Frente Guasú campaign ad highlighting the role of candidates Cartes and Alegre in the impeachment of Fernando Lugo.[6]

During the campaign Cartes made homophobic statements, comparing homosexuals to monkeys and saying he would shoot himself in the testicles if his son turned out to be gay.[7]

Opinion polls[edit]

Agency/Source Date Horacio Cartes Efrain Alegre Mario Ferreiro Lino Oviedo Sánchez Aníbal Carrillo Miguel Carrizosa Lilian Soto Eduardo Arce None "Don't know"/No answer
Asisa 26 Feb 2013 29.3% 22.1% 19.8% 7.1% 3.2% 2.5% 1.6% - - 13.7%
Ati Snead 28 Feb 2013 36.7% 37.1% 5.6%  ? 2.8%  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
First 15 Mar 2013 37.3% 30.3% 9.5% 3.1% 1.9% 3.2% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 13.2%
GEO 15 Mar 2013 36.8% 35.6% 7.7% 6.8% 6.1% 1.0% 0.3% - 0.6% 5.1%
Grau 21 Mar 2013 42.7% 29.2% 9.6% 6.2% 2.7% 0.5% 0.2% - 1.1% 7.8%
First 4 Apr 2013 37.6% 31.7% 10.9% 7.1% 1.9% 3.0% 0.2% - 0.3% 7.3%
Taka 5 Apr 2013 41.7% 27.5% 12.1% 3.1% 2.9% 5.7% - - 1.2% 5.9%
Ati Snead 5 Apr 2013 36.4 37.9% 8.5% 4.0% 2.7% 3.0% - - - 6.0%
Grau 11 Apr 2013 45.3% 31.2% 8.6% 2.5% 2.9% 0.9% 0.1% - 2.2% 6.4%
GEO 11 Apr 2013 34.8% 36.7% 9.9% 1.6%  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? 8.9%

Results[edit]

President[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Horacio Cartes Colorado Party 1,104,169 48.48
Efraín Alegre Happy Paraguay 889,451 39.05
Mario Ferreiro Avanza País 141,716 6.22
Aníbal Carrillo Guasú Front 79,573 3.49
Miguel Carrizosa Beloved Fatherland Party 27,026 1.19
Lino Oviedo Sánchez National Union of Ethical Citizens 19,416 0.85
Roberto Ferreira Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,264 0.19
Lilian Soto Kuña Pyrenda 3,925 0.17
Eduardo Arce Workers' Party 3,011 0.13
Ricardo Almada White Party 2,767 0.12
Atanasio Galeano Free Homeland Party 2,416 0.11
Blank votes 131,703
Total 2,409,437 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.52
Source: Supreme Electoral Justice Tribunal of Paraguay

Senate[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan senatorial election results
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Colorado Party 865,206 41.48 19 +4
Authentic Radical Liberal Party 588,054 28.19 13 –1
Guasú Front 238,313 11.43 5 +4
Democratic Progressive Party 144,691 6.94 3 +2
Avanza País 117,056 5.61 2 +2
Beloved Fatherland Party 45,168 2.17 0 –4
Youth Party – Young Force 28,129 1.35 0 New
National Union of Ethical Citizens 9,064 0.43 2 –7
National Encounter Party 7,846 0.38 1 +1
Social Democrat Party 7,768 0.37 0 New
Independent Constitutionalist Movement 7,509 0.36 0 New
Kuña Pyrenda 5,416 0.26 0 New
People in Action Movement 3,673 0.18 0 New
United Democratic Movement for Victory 3,662 0.18 0 New
Paraguayan Humanist Party 3,484 0.17 0 0
Free Homeland Party 2,322 0.11 0 New
Participative Independent Democratic Movement 2,007 0.10 0 New
White Party 1,961 0.09 0 0
Institutional Independent Movement 1,917 0.09 0 New
Green Party 1,541 0.07 0 New
30 August Movement 746 0.04 0 New
Workers' Party 284 0.01 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 159,889
Total 2,407,166 100 45 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.46%
Source: Supreme Electoral Justice Tribunal of Paraguay

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Colorado Party 919,625 40.99 44 +14
Authentic Radical Liberal Party 656,301 29.25 27 0
National Union of Ethical Citizens 147,534 6.58 2 –13
Guasú Front 122,440 5.46 1 +1
National Encounter Party 108,662 4.84 2 +2
Avanza País 84,826 3.78 2 +2
Beloved Fatherland Party 63,662 2.84 1 –2
Democratic Progressive Party 30,579 1.36 0 –1
Youth Party 28,543 1.27 0 New
Chaqueña Passion Alliance 15,656 0.70 1
Civic Awakening Movement 9,661 0.43 0 New
Kuña Pyrenda 8,153 0.36 0 New
30 August Movement 7,080 0.32 0 New
Social Democrat Party 7,062 0.31 0 New
Independent Constitutionalist Movement 5,063 0.23 0 New
Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,225 0.19 0 0
People in Action Movement 3,107 0.14 0 New
United Democratic Movement for Victory 2,702 0.12 0 New
White Party 2,677 0.12 0 0
Citizens in Power Action Movement 2,017 0.09 0 New
Participative Independent Democratic Movement 1,905 0.08 0 New
Green Party 1,826 0.08 0 New
Concertacion todos por Concepcion 1,822 0.08 0 New
Free Homeland Party 1,625 0.07 0 New
Alianza Alto Paraguay Alegre 1,597 0.07 0 New
Institutional Independent Movement 1,575 0.07 0 New
Workers' Party 1,338 0.06 0 0
Movimiento Propuesta por la Soberania Nacional 783 0.03 0 New
Moviemiento para el Pueblo Encarnacion 656 0.03 0 New
Liberal Party 579 0.03 0 New
Another Paraguay Movement 251 0.01 0 New
Workers' Regional Movement 189 0.01 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 155,905
Total 2,399,626 100 80
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.24
Source: Supreme Electoral Justice Tribunal of Paraguay

Reactions[edit]

The defeated candidate Alegre conceded to Cartes a short time after preliminary results were announced.[8] Argentine president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner congratulated the Paraguayan people, describing the election as "exemplary" and announced her endorsement of a re-admission of the country to the Mercosur community.[9] José Mujica, the president of Uruguay, congratulated Cartes as well and invited him to the Mercosur summit that is to take place in his country in June.[10] The European Union's high representative for foreign affairs, Catherine Ashton lauded the high turn-out, orderly and calm conduct of the election.[11] Among the first felicitators was also Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro.[12] Spain's Mariano Rajoy also congratulated him.[13]

References[edit]