Paralichthyidae

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Large-tooth flounders
Citharichthys sordidus.jpg
Pacific sanddab, Citharichthys sordidus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Suborder: Pleuronectoidei
Family: Paralichthyidae
Chabanaud, 1937
Genera[1]

Ancylopsetta
Cephalopsetta
Citharichthys
Cyclopsetta
Etropus
Gastropsetta
Hippoglossina
Paralichthys
Pseudorhombus
Syacium
Tarphops
Tephrinectes
Thysanopsetta
Xystreurys

Large-tooth flounders or sand flounders are a family, Paralichthyidae, of flounders.[1][2] The family contains 14 genera with a total of about 110 species. They lie on the sea bed on their right side; both eyes are on the left side of the head, while the Pleuronectidae are the opposite with their eyes on the right side.

Bigeye flounder, Hippoglossina macrops

They are found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.[3]

Dusky flounder, Syacium papillosum

Several species are important commercial and game fishes, notably the California halibut, Paralichthys californicus and the Pacific sanddab, Citharichthys sordidus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Paralichthyidae" in FishBase. October 2012 version.
  2. ^ Kells, V.; and Carpenter, K. (2011). A Field Guide to Coastal Fishes from Maine to Texas. ISBN 978-0-8018-9838-9
  3. ^ "Paralichthyidae" World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-1-26.