|Município de Paranaguá
Municipality of Paranaguá
Ilha da Cotinga as seen from the top of
the Palácio do Café
|Nickname(s): Berço da civilização paranaense
Mãe do Paraná
Grande mar redondo
Location of Paranaguá in Paraná
|Founded||July 29, 1648|
|• Mayor||Edison Kersten
|• Total||826.674 km2 (319.181 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Metro density||169.92/km2 (440.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT (UTC−3)|
|• Summer (DST)||BRST (UTC−2)|
Paranaguá (Great Round Sea, in Tupi) is a city in the state of Paraná in Brazil. Founded in 1648, it is Paraná's oldest city. It is known for the Port of Paraná, which serves as both the sea link for Curitiba, 110 kilometres (68 mi) to the north and the capital of Paraná, and as one of the largest ports of Brazil.
As of 2013, the city has an estimated population of 148,232 and a population density of 169.92 persons per km², making it the tenth most populated city in the state of Paraná. The total area of the city is 826.674 km2 (319.18 sq mi).
Port of Paranaguá
The economy of the city is driven by the deepwater Port of Paranaguá, which dates to the 16th century. The port was a point of entry for the settlement of the south of Brazil beginning early in the colonial period. It exports the largest volume of agricultural products of any of the ports of Brazil, notably of grain grown in the southern regions of the country. The port is also a major trade center of automobiles, fertilizer, lumber, paper, petroleum products, salt, soy beans, and sugar. It is administered by the Port Administration of Paranaguá and Antonina (Administração dos Portos de Paranaguá e Antonina), which was created by the state of Paraná in 1947.
Although Paranaguá is situated in the southern part of Brazil, where temperatures are cooler, it is known for its very sultry summers and relatively mild winters.
Paranaguá is one of Paraná's hottest cities in the summer. Temperatures above 35°C (95°F) happen rather frequently from January through early March, but rarely reaching 40ºC (104ºF).
The coolest month of the year is usually July, with average highs of 21-22°C and lows of around 13°C. After the passage of cold fronts, temperatures usually dip below 10ºC (50ºF), but very rarely below 5ºC (41ºF).
Paranaguá is served by Paranaguá Airport, a small general aviation airport. The closest international airport to the city is Afonso Pena International Airport in São José dos Pinhais, which is directly adjacent to Curitiba.
Paranaguá is sister cities with:
- "O Cidades: Paraná-Paranaguá" (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
- "Port of Paranagá". Paranaguá, PR, Brazil: Administração dos Portos de Paranaguá e Antonina - APPA. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Aeroporto Internacional de Curitiba - Afonso Pena" (in Portuguese). Brasilía, DF, Brazil: Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária, Estrada do Aeroporto, Setor de Concessionárias. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
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