Paraparatrechina

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Paraparatrechina
Paraparatrechina minutula.jpg
Paraparatrechina minutula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Paraparatrechina
Donisthorpe, 1947
Type species
Paratrechina pallida
Donisthorpe, 1947
Diversity[1]
31 species

Paraparatrechina is a genus of small ants in the subfamily Formicinae.[2] The genus contains 31 species distributed in the tropics of Africa, Asia and Australia.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The genus is restricted to the Paleotropics. Thirteen species are known from the Afrotropical and Malgasy regions, and twenty-five species and subspecies from Asia and Australia, although preliminary study suggests that there are many undescribed species.[3] Very little is known about the biology of Paraparatrechina in the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. They have been found in a wide range of tropical habitats from rainforests to forest clearings in sifted leaf litter, rotten logs, under stones, and from beating vegetation and fogging samples from the forest canopy.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Paraparatrechina was first described as a subgenus of Paratrechina by Donisthorpe (1947).[4] LaPolla et al. (2010a) elevated the formerly synonymized subgenus to genus rank based on both morphological and molecular data.[5]

Description[edit]

Paraparatrechina are small (typically around 1–2 mm in total length) formicine ants, which often reflect a metallic iridescence (blue, purple and pink hues have been observed) under light microscopy. In darker species, the iridescence tends to be a darker bluish-purple, while lighter colored species either show little iridescence or reflect a more pinkish-purple hue. Paraparatrechina are usually easily distinguishable from other formicine genera by a unique mesosomal setal pattern: two pairs of erect setae on the pronotum, one pair on the mesonotum and one pair on the propodeum. Nylanderia, the genus most likely confused with Paraparatrechina, never possesses a pair of erect setae on the propodeum. The mandibles of Paraparatrechina also possess five teeth, while in Nylanderia six teeth are usually present.[3]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Paraparatrechina". AntCat. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Genus: Paraparatrechina". antweb.org. AntWeb. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c LaPolla, John S.; Cheng, Chiu H.; Fisher, Brian L. (2010b). "Taxonomic revision of the ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) genus Paraparatrechina in the Afrotropical and Malagasy Regions". Zootaxa 2387: 1–27. 
  4. ^ Donisthorpe, H. (1947). "Some new ants from New Guinea". Annals and Magazine of Natural History 14 (11): 183–197. 
  5. ^ LaPolla, J.S.; Brady, S.G.; Shattuck, S.O. (2010a). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Prenolepis genus-group of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Systematic Entomology 35: 118–131. 
  • This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: LaPolla, John S.; Cheng, Chiu H .; Fisher, Brian L. (2010). "Taxonomic revision of the ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) genus Paraparatrechina in the Afrotropical and Malagasy Regions". Zootaxa 2387: 1–27.  Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

External links[edit]