Paratarajas

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Copper drachm of Parataraja Bhimajuna.
Obv: Robed bust of Bhimajuna left, wearing tiara-shaped diadem.
Rev: Swastika with Kharoshthi legend around: Yolatakhmaputrasa Parataraja Bhimajunasa ("Of the Parataraja Bhimarjuna, son of Yolatakhma"). From Loralai Pakistan.
1.70g. Senior (Indo-Scythian) 286.1 (Bhimajhunasa), since corrected to Bhimarjuna by H. Falk

The Pārata dynasty were a branch of Parthian kings who ruled out of Baluchistan, western Pakistan, from the 1st century to the 3rd century CE. As written in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Pakistan was known at the time as Scythia and was inhabited by Parthian princes who constantly kept "driving each other out".


The dynasty of the Pāratas is thought to be identical with the Pārthava of Iranian literature, the Parthians of Greek literature, and the Pāradas of Indian literature.[1]

Numismatics

The Pāratas, an Iranian people and ruling dynasty from western Pakistan, are known essentially through their coinage, which typically exhibit the bust of a particular monarch on the obverse ( having long hair within a headband), and a swastika within a circular legend on the reverse in Kharoshthi (usually copper coins) and sometimes in Brahmi (usually silver coins). Coins depicting Pārata monarchs have been found in and around the district of Loralai, Balochistan, western Pakistan. This was the seat of their capital. Apracarajas vassals administrating a southerly satrapy are believed to have founded the Pārata dynasty of Balochistan. Unlike their northernly neighbors, the Apracarajas whose Iranic religious practices gave way to Buddhism, the Pārata state retained Zoroastrianism.

Pāratas in Classical & Historical sources

Herodotus in c. 440 BCE describes the Paraitakenoi as a tribe ruled by Deiokes, an Iranic monarch who ruled on eastern-most region of the Iranian plateau. (History I.101).

Arrian describes how Alexander the Great encountered the Pareitakai in Bactria and Sogdiana, and had them conquered by Craterus (Anabasis Alexandrou IV).

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE) describes the territory of the Paradon beyond the Ommanitic region, on the coast of Balochistan.[2]

Pārata Dynastical Rulers in Chronological Order[3]

  • Yolamira, son of Bagareva (c. 125–150 CE)
  • Bagamira, son of Yolamira (c. 150)
  • Ajuna, a second son of Yolamira (c. 150–160)
  • Hvaramira, a third son of Yolamira (c. 160–175)
  • Mirahvara, son of Hvaramira (c. 175–185)
  • Miratakhma, another son of Hvaramira (c. 185–200)
  • Kozana, son of Bagavharna (and perhaps grandson of Bagamira?) (c. 200–220)
  • Bhimajuna, son of Yolatakhma (and perhaps grandson of Ajuna?) (c. 220–235)
  • Koziya, son of Kozana (c. 235–265)
  • Datarvharna, son of Datayola I (and perhaps grandson of Bhimajuna?) (c. 265–280)
  • Datayola II, son of Datarvharna (c. 280–300)

References

  1. ^ "New light on the Paratarajas" p11
  2. ^ "New light on the Paratarajas" p29-30
  3. ^ [1] Further Light on the Paratarajas
  • Tandon, P. "New light on the Paratarajas", Numismatic Chronicle, 2006. Pdf
  • Falk, H. "The names of the Paratarajas issuing coins with Kharosthi legends", Numismatic Chronicle, 2007: 171-178.
  • Tandon, P. "Further light on the Paratarajas", Numismatic Chronicle, 2009. Pdf

External links