Paravur, Kollam

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This article is about a town in Kollam district. For other uses, see Paravur.
Paravur
പരവൂര്‍
Paravoor
Municipal Town
From top: Paravur railway station, Paravur Lake(Kaayal), Aayiravilli Temple Festival, Pulimuttu in Paravur Pozhikara
From top: Paravur railway station, Paravur Lake(Kaayal), Aayiravilli Temple Festival, Pulimuttu in Paravur Pozhikara
Paravur is located in Kerala
Paravur
Paravur
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 8°48′40″N 76°40′08″E / 8.811°N 76.669°E / 8.811; 76.669Coordinates: 8°48′40″N 76°40′08″E / 8.811°N 76.669°E / 8.811; 76.669
Country India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Native Language Malayalam
Established 1932
Named for ˝പരവൈയ്യൂര്‍˝ ("meeting point of lake and sea")
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Paravur Municipality
 • MP N.K. Premachandran
(Kollam Constituency)
 • Municipal Chairperson Ambika.V
 • Vice Chairman J. Jayalal Unnithan
Area
 • Total 19.19 km2 (7.41 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 43,739[1][1]
Demonym Paravurian
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 691 301
Telephone code 0474
Vehicle registration KL-02
Nearest city Kollam (12 kilometres (7.5 mi))
Taluk Kollam
Website www.paravurmunicipality.in

Paravur (Malayalam: പരവൂര്‍ Paravūr‍) or South Paravoor is a town and a municipality in the Kollam district of the Indian state of Kerala. The beautiful lakes and sea coast in Paravur attract visitors and foreigners. The main attraction is the interconnection of Paravur Kayal(lake) and the Arabian sea. Paravur is 21 kilometres (13 mi) away from Kollam by road while Paravur can be reached within 15 minutes (12 kilometres (7.5 mi)) by train from Kollam Junction.

Paravur Municipality consist of Kottapuram, Koonayil, Thekkumbhagam, Chillakkal, Perumpuzha, Nedungolam, Pozhikara, Maniyamkulam, Kurumandal, Kottamoola, Attinpuram & Kochalummoodu.[3] Paravur Municipality is a Grade-II Municipality in Kerala.

Paravur is the only Municipality in Kerala that functions totally with the use of Solar power.[4]

Geography[edit]

Paravur is located at 8.78 N 76 E.[5] It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet). Paravur, 21 kilometers from the Kollam, is a narrow skirt of land stretching in between the backwaters and the sea. The famous Varkala beach is a mere 12 kilometres drive from here and Thiruvananthapuram is 53 kilometres away from Paravur. There is an elevation of 6 metres above sea level and extending to 16 metres on the inland. The international shipping transit lane is about 15 nautical miles from Paravur. Paravur has a natural water depth of 3 to 6 meters within 1 nautical mile from the land. The beach is bit steep and not shallow at coasts. Influence of Indian Ocean Gyre, the main ocean current has ripped of most of the adjacent coast land.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[6] Paravur has a population of 43,739 (38,652 is the urban population and 5,087 is the village population). Males constitute 47% of the population and females 53%. Paravur has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 77%. In Paravur, 10% of the population are under 6 years of age. Total number of households are 9,155.

History[edit]

Paravur was an important place for the Kings of Travancore. They have used Pozhikara Palace in Paravur, to take rest during their long journeys. Before and after the independence of India, Paravur was a famous business center in Kollam. It holds a very old history and a 1000 years old civilization.

Paravur was a part of 'Pennarasunaadu'(situated between Venad and Desinganadu). Paravur Fort was under the Queen of Attingal during that time. Paravur was a famous trade hub for the foreign countries. An important ancient document revealing paravur's yester importance is 'Pozhikkara sasanam' built in the 12th century at Pozhikara sivakshetram (later it became a devikshetram ). It was encrypted on a 'sila phalakam' in 'vattazhuthu'. Another mentioning of Paravur is in 'Unnineeli sandesam' which was written above more than 600 years.

Pozhikara was the administrative headquarters of Paravur. Remnants of old fort, Thaana(police station) and Anchalappees(Post office) are still remaining there.[7] The Paravur panchayat was formed in 1936. It was one among the 4 Panchayats sanctioned by Sir C.P.Ramaswamy Iyer (Diwan-Thiruvithancore). The others were Boothapandi, Nedumangadu, and Perumbavoor. The so formed Paravur Panchayat included 9 territories-Thekkumbhagam, Kottappuram, Kongal, Pozhikara, Kurumandal, Koonayil, Kalakkode, Bhoothakkulam and Nellettil. Sree Ramavarma koyi thampuram from Kilimanoor Palace was the first executive officer of the panchayat. The first election for Paravur panchayat was held at 1942 and Sri Achuthan Pillai became the first elected Panchayat President. Later Paravur became a Municipality on 1988 May 1. For the first 7 years it was ruled by special officers. In 1995 after the first Municipal election Smt. Bhanumati became the first Municipal Chairperson.[8]

Transportation[edit]

Paravur is well connected with other Kerala cities and towns. Rail, road and water transportation are the various modes of available transportation in town.

Air[edit]

Nearest Airport is Trivandrum International Airport, which is about 55 kilometres (34 mi) away. Kollam Helipad (Asramam) is about 24 kilometres (15 mi) away from Paravur and Varkala Helipad (Cliff) is about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) away. Government of Kerala have proposed a Seaplane service connecting Paravur with Ashtamudi, Punnamada, Kumarakom and Bekal.

Rail[edit]

A distant view of Paravur railway station building

Paravur railway station, an "Adarsh station", is situated at a distance of half kilometer away from the heart of Paravur town. It is a 'D-Class' railway station coming under the Southern Railway Zone.[9] It is well connected to Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai, Salem, Madurai, Kanyakumari, Mangalore, Coimbatore, Pune, Tirunelveli, Trichy and various towns in Kerala through Indian Railways. Paravur Railway Station is the nearest railway station to ESIC Medical College, Parippally. There has been a constant demand for stoppage of more trains taking into account the number of commuters using the trains to commute to Kollam and also to Trivandrum for access Educational and vocational needs. It is the only railway station in Chathannoor constituency.

Road Network[edit]

A Traffic Circle
Another view of Paravur-Chathannoor road
Lake Sagar Resort Boat Yard, Thekkumbhagam, Paravur

Paravur has a well connected road network. It is about 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Kollam City and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital. Paravur is accessible from NH-47 from both Chathannoor and Parippally. Varkala is about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Paravur. K.S.R.T.C and private bus services connects Paravur to other adjacent towns. In fact, Paravur is just 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) away from Kollam City through the Coastal road which is now engulfed by the Arabian sea. Constant efforts are there to repair the Coastal road, but the repaired road cannot withstand the furious waves most of the time. Paravur may included in the proposed JnNURM plan for the Kollam.

Major Road Destinations[edit]

  1. Paravur - Kottiyam- Kollam City - 23 km
  2. Paravur - Pozhikara - Thaanni - Kollam Beach - Kollam - 12 km [Under construction][10]
  3. Paravur - Parippally - Madathara - 47 km
  4. Paravur - Varkala - Kadakavoor - Chirayinkeezhu - 25 km
  5. Paravur - Kundara - Kottarakkara - 32 km
  6. Paravur - Chathannoor - Oyur - 17 km
  7. Paravur - Parippally - Pallikkal - Kilimanoor - 29.5 km

Water Transportation[edit]

As part of widening the water transportation systems of the state, more than 4 boat yards had been constructed by District Tourism Promotion Council(DTPC) in the waterways of Paravur town.It is the part of Kollam-Kovalam Waterway which is under construction.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies Paravur's climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Climate data for Paravur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.4
(88.5)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.1
(84.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
27.1
(80.8)
28.2
(82.8)
28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.1
(79)
26.94
(80.5)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
23.9
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
23.84
(74.91)
Precipitation mm (inches) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Avg. rainy days - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mean daily sunshine hours - - - - - - - - - - - -
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

Places of worships[edit]

Temples[edit]

പരവൂർ പുറ്റിങ്ങൽ ദേവി ക്ഷേത്രം
Paravur Panayilazhikathu Temple
Meenabharani Fest of Puttingal Temple
A scene from Paravur Puttingal fireworks competition

Paravur is well known for its festivals. Paravur is famous as one of the temple towns in Kerala. The town boasts of numerous temples, mosques and a church. The Temple festivities start from January extending til the April of the year. One of the major festival is the paravur Puttingal goddess temple, where every year there is a competitive fireworks display which continues till early dawn. As this happens during the peak tourist season there is a sizable amount of foreigners who come to see the temple festivities. Festivals in most of the temples have a procession with the elephants accompanied by traditional percussion instruments and also tableaus.

Some Famous Temples in Paravur[edit]

  1. Puttingal Devi Temple, Kurumandal
  2. Aayiravilli Mahadeva Temple, Koonayil
  3. Pozhikkara Major Devasom Devi Temple (Travancore Devaswom), Pozhikara
  4. Puthiyakavu Devi Temple,Thekkumbhagam
  5. Puthiyidam Mahadeva Temple, Kottapuram
  6. Sreedharma Sastha Temple, Kurumandal
  7. Sri Vykundapuram Mahavishnu Kshethram, Bhoothakulam
  8. Yakshikkavu Devi Temple, Kurumandal
  9. Ollal Mahadeva Temple, Koonayil
  10. Paarayilkaavu Mahadeva Temple, Nedungolam
  11. Kottekkunnu Subrahmanya Temple, Meenad
  12. Panayilazhikathu Devi Temple, Koonayil
  13. Kunnathu Temple, Maniyankulam
  14. Thayyil Sree Shankara Narayana Temple, Maniyankulam
  15. Padijateveedu Durga Devi Temple, Maniyamkulam
  16. Kottuvankonam Mahavishnu Temple, Poothakkulam
  17. Bhoothakulam Dharmashastha Temple
  18. Kochalummoodu Durgadevi Temple, Koonayil
  19. Eezhamvila Sreebhadhrakali Temple, Poothakkulam
  20. Manthantazhikathu Devi Temple, Koonayil
  21. Panamoodu Mahadeva Temple, Pozhikara
  22. Sarkara Devi temple, Kurumandal
  23. Munnazhi Devi temple, Koonayil
  24. Kayalazhikom Devi Temple, Thekkumbhagam
  25. Moorthi Temple, Konnayil
  26. Sree Valiya Velichazhikom temple,Kongal

Churches[edit]

Paravur town is having two important churches.[12] A number of shrines also are there in the town.

  • St. Jude Church, Kurumandal, Paravur
  • St. Teresa of Little Flower Church, Kalakode, Paravur

Tourism & Backwater[edit]

Paravur has an array of backwaters and lakes surrounding the town. Estuaries in Paravur are world famous now. But with the advent of roads and others means of transport the inland waterways had been neglected. But renewed efforts are underway to start linking the waterways to an ambitious inland waterways system being sponsored by the state government on the lines of what had once existed. One could easily view them on the way towards Pozhikara and towards Kappil. The lake meets the sea and in between a small stretch of road which divides them can be viewed on way. Paravur Lake is one of the emerging tourist destinations in the district which attracts a good number of tourists.[13] So many tour operators in India are providing leisure trips that connect with Paravur.[14]

Paravur – The land of estuary, beaches and backwaters

Paravur Coast in Coastal Zone Management Plan of Kollam District[edit]

Paravur Lake – An evening scene from Paravur Thekkumbhagam

The National Centre for Earth Science Studies in Thiruvananthapuram has carried out a Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ) mapping during March 2014 to June 2014. The field data was generated from 33 coastal villages of Kollam district and Paravur Municipality. Lakes like Paravur, Ashtamudi and Kayamkulam are the major backwaters of the district which are interconnected by T.S Canal. Pozhikkara & Thekkumbhagam-Kappil are the small tidal inlets identified in the district. The CRZ-II is the developed areas(with more than 50% build-up area) in legally designed Kollam Municipal Corporation and Paravur Municipality urban areas. Kollam Municipal Corporation and Paravur Municipality are highly developed with a very high potential of further development, the CRZ in the Corporation and Municipality, other than CRZ I, CRZ IV and open spaces such as parks and play grounds is considered to have build up area more than 50% and hence categorized as CRZ II.[15]

Food and culture[edit]

The town like most other towns in kerala offers local cuisine as well as ones adapted for the tourists as well. There are a dozen local varieties of veggies and fruits found on the rural parts of the village. The village culture is still based on agriculture, fishing and animal farms. There are only a few orchards left these days for you might find some delicious fruits in there. Paddy cultivation has been on the decline due to the rapid urbanization as compared to the 1970s. Fishing is an important part of living for the beach dwellers.

Economy & Industry[edit]

Rasasi Shopping Complex

Paravur is now a cemetery of industries. A number of defunct industries are still existing in Paravur. That include Vinayakar Co-operative Society - near Nedungolam,[16] Floorco - near Maniyankulam[17] etc. Weaving industry was very much established in Paravur, during the 1940s. Clothes were produced in so many houses using some small facilities to weave named as 'Kuzhithari'. 'Thripty Textiles' - The first weaving factory of Travancore was established in Paravur by Krishnadas and Gopaldas in 1943. It was called 'Noolaphees' by the local people. Paravur Vinayakar Co-operative Society was registered on 1958 May 4. On 1959 January 17 Chief Minister of Kerala Sri.EMS Namboothirippadu inaugurated the company. The products of the society had good demand in Indian and foreign markets.[18] More industries such as detergents and food processing plants operate on a small scale basis in Paravur.

There are a few industries for Coir manufacturing. The Husk of coconut is processed and made to fibers and used as the main raw material for Coir manufacturing. There are less than a dozen manufacturing units still in Paravur. Paravur was the main market of Coir after Kollam in olden days. Floorco - Asia's first & largest mechanized coir factory was started here.[19] From here the products were exported to more than 60 foreign countries. The products include yarn, mats, carpets and rugs.

As part of the industry sector development plans of Kollam district, an IT Park would be setting up at Paravur Municipal area in an extent of 5 acres of land. The land can be acquired with the assistance of Land Use Board or Paravur Municipality. rail-Road linkages will be established. The Government also have plans to set up a Coir manufacturing unit and a Handloom unit at Paravur and considering the possibilities for setting up a food park also.[20]

Government Offices[edit]

Paravur Post Office

Some of the Government offices in Paravur are Municipal Office[21] Muncif Magistrate Court, Judicial First-class Magistrate Court, Sub-treasury Office,[22] Kerala State Electricity Board Office, Fire Station, Police Stations, Employment Exchange, Village Office, Post Office,[23] Agro bazaar(9th in the state)[24] and Veterinary Preventive Clinic.[25]

Banking[edit]

Paravur Judicial First Class Magistrate Court & State Bank of Travancore branch

There are 5 nationalized bank branches & their ATMs in Paravur. In addition to that, so many co-operative banks also working in Paravur. The S.N.V Regional Co-operative Bank is a Paravur based co-operative bank, which is kerala's one of the biggest co-operative bank in terms of deposits.

  1. State Bank of India [SBI], Near Railway Station
  2. State Bank of Travancore [SBT], Near Post Office
  3. Federal Bank, Opp. Municipal Bus Stand
  4. Indian Bank, Near Traffic Circle
  5. Canara Bank, Near Municipal Bus Stand
  6. IDBI Bank, Overseas Tower
  7. Kerala Gramin Bank, Thekkumbhagam Road

Education[edit]

Kottapuram High School

Higher Education is still not available in Paravur. The students from Paravur depend colleges in suburbs for their higher studies.There are two Industrial Training Centers in Paravur.Govt.LPS Kurumandal is one among the schools which was started by Travancore Raja for upliftment of women education.Kottapuram English Medium School now Kottapuram High school also has historical importance.

Healthcare[edit]

Entrance of Paravur Taluk Hospital
Paravur Hospital situated at Samajam Junction

There is a number of private hospitals within the range of 3–4 km distance from the heart of the town.

  1. ESIC Medical College, Parippally
  2. Ramarao Memorial Govt. Taluk Hospital, Nedungolam
  3. Govt. Homoeo Dispensary
  4. Govt. Ayurveda Hospital
  5. Sree Shankara Ayurveda Hospital, Near Railway Station
  6. N.K Vaidyan Memorial Ayurveda Dispensary, Main Road
  7. Paravur Hospital, Samajam Junction
  8. Shifa Nursing Home, Near Overbridge
  9. Dayabji Hospital, Dayabji Junction
  10. B.R Hospital, Nedungolam
  11. Primary Health Centre, Pozhikara
  12. Primary Health Centre, Kalakkode
  13. Royal Hospital, Standard Junction, Chathannoor

Notable people[edit]

Statue of Mahakavi K.C Kesava Pillai
Music Director Paravur G.Devarajan
  1. Late. Mahakavi K.C Kesava Pillai
  2. Late. Paravur G.Devarajan (Music Director)
  3. Late. Paravur Ramachandran (Actor)
  4. C.V Padmarajan (Ex-Finance Minister of Kerala)
  5. P.K. Gurudasan MLA
  6. Nisha Purushothaman (Wildlife Photographer)[26]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kollam District Level Statistics 2011". censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  2. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/194/5/14_chapter4.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ http://www.paravurmunicipality.in/council.  Missing or empty |title= (help) | title = Municipal wards in Paravur
  4. ^ http://oi59.tinypic.com/32zsx1w.jpg.  Missing or empty |title= (help) |title=Now Paravur is a solar powered Municipality - Manorama Malayalam News Article
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Paravur
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ History of Paravur
  8. ^ Historic Paravur
  9. ^ Southern Railway - Annual Passenger Earnings details of Paravur Railway Station
  10. ^ Kollam-Paravur coastal road to be revived: The Hindu
  11. ^ "Climate: Paravur - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  12. ^ Norbertine Fathers - Canonry of Jamtara
  13. ^ Paravur - The heaven of foreigners
  14. ^ Paravur - The blessed land of estuary, backwaters & beaches
  15. ^ Draft-Coastal Zone Management Plan of Kollam District
  16. ^ Annual Report(1954-55)
  17. ^ Lemonhunt Business
  18. ^ Blog of Paravur
  19. ^ FLOORCO is Waiting for renovation
  20. ^ Town planning-Kollam
  21. ^ Paravur Municipality - Contact
  22. ^ List of Treasuries
  23. ^ Welcome to India Post - Paravur
  24. ^ Agro Bazaar to have latest technology, farm machines
  25. ^ Veterinary Institutions in Kollam District
  26. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/nisha-purushothaman-on-wildlife-photography/article6325977.ece Wildlife escapades

External links[edit]