Parcent

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Parcent
Village
Flag of Parcent
Flag
Provmap-alicante2.PNG Localització de Parcent respecte del País Valencià.png
Location in the Valencian Community, Spain
Location in the comarca Marina Alta
Location in the comarca Marina Alta
Coordinates: 38°44′N 00°03′E / 38.733°N 0.050°E / 38.733; 0.050Coordinates: 38°44′N 00°03′E / 38.733°N 0.050°E / 38.733; 0.050
Country Spain
Province Alicante
Comarca Marina Alta
Government
 • Mayor Máximo Revilla
Area
 • Total 11.8 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
Elevation 295 m (968 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,019
 • Density 86.36/km2 (223.7/sq mi)
 • Language Spanish
Demonym Parcent (Spanish)
Parcent (Catalan)
Postcode 03792
Market Days Monday
Website http://www.parcent.es/ www.veinsdeparcent.info
festivals = Fiestas of San Antonio Abad, which features a pilgrimage and blessing of the animals, in January; Carnival, in February; San Vicente Ferrer Festival, in April; San Lorenzo Festival, in August

Parcent (Valencian: [paɾˈsent]; Spanish: [parˈθent]) is a village in the Pop Valley[1] of La Marina Alta in the Alicante Province, which is located in the Valencian region of Spain. Parcent has a population of about 1100 and is about one hour's drive north of the city of Alicante, and about an hour's drive south of the city of Valencia.

It features the small but beautiful Holy Virgin church, and is surrounded by rolling hills and mountains. Writer Gabriel Miró (1879-1930) was a resident of Parcent and called it a "paradise between the mountains".

It is also close to Jalón (written as Xaló in Catalan), which is famous for its excellent wine production and markets. The traditional economy of Parcent relies on almond and orange farming in the surrounding area.

History[edit]

The name "Parcent" is of Latin origin. Later, it was a Moorish town until the forces of James I of Aragon conquered it in 1256 CE.

There was a major outbreak of leprosy in Parcent in 1850 and by 1887 20% of the residents of Parcent were afflicted.[2] This apparently motivated the inclusion of passages about the disease in Miró's two so-called "Oleza" novels.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The 2006 census established that Parcent's population was 1,019 inhabitants. It was also revealed that about 35.10% of the population of Parcent were not Spanish citizens but were in fact incomers from other countries within the European Union.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1857 1,223 —    
1887 1,415 +0.49%
1900 1,192 −1.31%
1910 978 −1.96%
1920 935 −0.45%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1930 801 −1.53%
1940 889 +1.05%
1950 793 −1.14%
1960 728 −0.85%
1970 678 −0.71%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1981 619 −0.82%
1991 717 +1.48%
2000 857 +2.00%
2005 960 +2.30%
2006 1,019 +6.15%

Controversy[edit]

Many Europeans from other areas have built retirement or second homes in Parcent, enjoying the sunshine and proximity to the beaches. However, Parcent and the surrounding valley are suffering growing pains as development quickens.[4]

Protest marchers in Parcent concerned about growth plans

References[edit]

  1. ^ It has become common to refer to the Pop Valley as the Jalón Valley in English as it is the largest town in the valley.
  2. ^ On the Origin and Spread of Leprosy in Parcent, Spain, George Thin, Lancet, p. 134, January 16th, 1892.
  3. ^ The Biblical Allusions in Gabriel Miro's Oleza Novels, G. G. Brown, The Modern Language Review, Vol. 70, No. 4 (Oct., 1975), pp. 786-794
  4. ^ In Spain, a Tide Of Development: Land Laws on the Mediterranean Coast Enable a Boom but Bring Corruption, John Ward Anderson, Washington Post Foreign Service, Wednesday, October 25, 2006