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The area including Parczew and Włodawa counties near Lublin in the General Government became one of the primary battlefields of the Jewish partisan movement. An area of forests and lakes with few passable roads, the Parczew forests were an ideal location for partisan activity. Notable partisan leaders included Ephraim (Frank) Bleichman and Shmuel (Mieczysław) Gruber. Gruber became the second-in-command to Yechiel Grynszpan, who led Jewish forces in the Parczew forest, and Bleichman was one of Grynszpan's two platoon commanders. The group fought along with the People's Guard (Polish: Gwardia Ludowa) in a number of intense engagements against German forces, making use of machine guns, explosives for mining railways, and food and other supplies air-dropped by Soviet forces. They participated in the takeover of the city of Parczew on April 16, 1944.
The Holocaust Encyclopedia claims that the Polish Home Army usually refused to accept Jews. This information however, is challenged on statistical grounds by the Jewish veteran of the Polish Home Army First Armoured Division, Willie Glaser who wrote, that Jewish resistance fighters were members of the Armia Krajowa in considerable numbers as well.
- Battalion Zośka in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.
Notes and references
- Holocaust Encyclopedia. "Partisan Groups in the Parczew Forests". U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
Text from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum webpage has been released under the GFDL license (OTRS ticket no. 2007071910012533 confirmed). The Museum can offer no guarantee that the information is correct in each circumstance.
- Willie Glaser (February 5, 2000). "Letter to Polish Home Army (AK) Association" (WebCite). Jewish Military Casualties in The Polish Armies in World War II. Retrieved 2013-05-24.