Parennefer called Wennefer

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Parennefer called Wennefer
High Priest of Amun
Predecessor Maya (High Priest of Amun)
Successor Nebneteru Tenry
Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh Tutankhamen, Horemheb
Father Minhotep
Mother Maia
Children Amenemone, Chief of Works
Hori, High Priest of Anhur
Amenemope, Chief of Seers (high priest of Ra)
Khaemwaset, Scribe of Sacred Books
Daughters: Hentmehyt
Burial Thebes

Parennefer also called Wennefer was a High Priest of Amun during the reigns of Tutankhamen and Horemheb (and possibly later). He was previously thought to date to the time of Ramesses II, but he is now dated to the end of the Eighteenth Dynasty.[1] Parennefer was more firmly put at the end of the Eighteenth Dynasty after extensive excavations of his tomb in Thebes in 1990-1993.[2][3][4]

Parennefer was High Priest of Anhur and sealbearer of the king before being raised to the position of High Priest of Amun.[5]


Parennefer/Wennefer was a son of Minhotep and Maia. On monuments he is said to have two brothers: Pennesuttawy, who was a Troop Commander in Kush, and Minmose, who served as the high priest of Min and Isis.[5]

Parennefer/Wennefer was married to Isis, who was Chief of the Harem of Amun. A family monument lists four sons and a daughter. The eldest son was named Hori and served as high priest of Anhur after his father. Hori's son Minmose would also serve as high priest of Anhur. It is possible that Hori later served as high priest of Amun under Ramesses II. Amenemone is said to have been a childhood friend of Ramesses II and later was the Chief of Works.

A son by the name of Amenemope served as the Chief of Seers, i.e., as the high priest of Ra in Heliopolis. Amenemope was also a chamberlain of the Lord of the Two Lands. A son named Khaemwaset is listed on a monument belonging to Amenemone. Khaemwaset was a scribe of the sacred books in the House of Amun.[5]


  1. ^ M.L. Bierbrier, Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt,2008
  2. ^ Kampp, F., and K. J. Seyfried, Eine Rückkehr nach Theben, Antike Welt, Mainz 26 (1995), 325-342. (ill. incl. colours, plans).
  3. ^ Kampp-Seyfried, Friederike, Die Verfemung des Namens pA-rn-nfr, in: Stationen. R. Stadelmann gewidmet, 303-319. (pl.).
  4. ^ Kampp, F., Vierter Vorbericht über die Arbeiten des Ägyptologischen Instituts der Universität Heidelberg in thebanischen Gräbern der Ramessidenzeit, MDAIK 50 (1994), 175-188. (fig., plans, pl.).
  5. ^ a b c Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume III, Blackwell Publishers, 1996, pg 209, 193-195, 315