Parenthood (2010 TV series)

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Parenthood
Parenthood intertitle
Genre Family drama
Created by Ron Howard
Developed by Jason Katims
Starring Peter Krause
Lauren Graham
Dax Shepard
Monica Potter
Erika Christensen
Sam Jaeger
Savannah Paige Rae
Sarah Ramos
Max Burkholder
Joy Bryant
Miles Heizer
Mae Whitman
Bonnie Bedelia
Craig T. Nelson
Tyree Brown
Xolo Mariduena
Opening theme "Forever Young" by Bob Dylan
"When We Were Young" by Lucy Schwartz (international version)
Composer(s) Jon Ehrlich & Jason Derlatka
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 6
No. of episodes 99 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Ron Howard
Brian Grazer
Jason Katims
Lawrence Trilling
David Nevins
Producer(s) Dylan K. Massin
Patrick Ward
Sarah Watson
Jessica Goldberg
Location(s) Shingle Springs, California
Running time 43 minutes
Production company(s) True Jack Productions
Universal Television
Imagine Television
Open 4 Business Productions
Distributor NBCUniversal Television Distribution
Broadcast
Original channel NBC
Picture format 1080i (16:9 HDTV)
Original run March 2, 2010 (2010-03-02) – present
Chronology
Preceded by Parenthood (1989 film)
Parenthood (1990)
External links
Website

Parenthood is an American television drama series developed by Jason Katims and produced by Imagine Television and Universal Television for NBC. The show tells of the Braverman clan which consists of an older couple, their four children and their families. One of the grandchildren depicted has Asperger syndrome which has gained attention throughout the press.

Loosely based on the 1989 film of the same title, the series is the second adaptation of the film to air on television preceded by the 1990–91 TV series, which also aired on NBC. Following on the heels of the critically acclaimed TV series Friday Night Lights, Katims approached Ron Howard and Brian Grazer with the idea of creating an updated, modern adaptation of the 1989 film and bringing it to television.[1]

The first season premiered on the network on March 2, 2010. The series has been well received by television critics and earned several nominations and awards, including one Vision Award, a Critics' Choice Television Award, two Television Academy Honors awards, four Young Artist Awards, and three Entertainment Industries Council PRISM Awards.

On May 11, 2014, Parenthood was renewed for a sixth and final season, consisting of 13 episodes.[2] The final season premiered on September 25, 2014.[3]

Overview[edit]

The series is set in Berkeley, California on the east shore of the San Francisco Bay area, but is filmed primarily in Los Angeles. The show revolves around the Braverman family covering three generations. It features patriarch Zeek Braverman and matriarch Camille Braverman, and the families of their four children Adam, Sarah, Crosby, and Julia. Adam is married to Kristina and has three children – Haddie, Max, and Nora. Sarah is divorced and has two children – Amber and Drew. Crosby marries Jasmine in season 3 and has two children – Jabbar and Aida. Julia is married to Joel and has two children – Sydney and their adopted son Victor.

Cast and characters[edit]

Main cast[edit]

Actor Character Seasons
1 2 3 4 5 6
Peter Krause Adam Braverman Main
Lauren Graham Sarah Braverman Main
Dax Shepard Crosby Braverman Main
Monica Potter Kristina Braverman Main
Erika Christensen Julia Braverman-Graham Main
Sam Jaeger Joel Graham Main
Bonnie Bedelia Camille Braverman Main
Craig T. Nelson Zeek Braverman Main
Joy Bryant Jasmine Trussell Main
Mae Whitman Amber Holt Main
Miles Heizer Drew Holt Main
Sarah Ramos Haddie Braverman Main Recurring Guest
Max Burkholder Max Braverman Main
Savannah Paige Rae Sydney Graham Main
Tyree Brown Jabar Trussell Recurring Main
Xolo Mariduena Victor Graham Guest Main

Recurring cast[edit]

Braverman family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zeek Braverman
 
Camille Braverman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kristina Zuckerman - Braverman
 
Adam Braverman
 
Seth Holt
 
Sarah Braverman
 
Joel Graham
 
Julia Braverman -Graham
 
Crosby Braverman
 
Jasmine Trussell Braverman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Haddie Braverman
 
Max Braverman
 
Nora Braverman
 
Amber Holt
 
Drew Holt
 
Sydney Graham
 
Victor Graham
 
Jabbar Trussell
 
Aida Braverman

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Parenthood is based on the 1989 film of the same name, co-written and directed by Ron Howard. Following the release of the film, a television series was created and aired in 1990 on NBC but turned out to be unsuccessful and was cancelled after one season. Nearly two decades later, Jason Katims, the showrunner of Friday Night Lights, met with Howard and Brian Grazer to ask them to readapt the film on television, which they accepted though they were reluctant at first.[1] The show was given the green-light from NBC in January 2009[4] and Katims finished writing the pilot script in early 2009.[5]

Casting[edit]

Erika Christensen was the first actress to land a role in the pilot in early March 2009.[6] By the end of the month, Peter Krause, Maura Tierney, Dax Shepard, Mae Whitman, Sarah Ramos and Craig T. Nelson were all attached to the drama.[7] Nelson came aboard the project after passing on the role of the grandfather in Modern Family.[8] In April, Max Burkholder was chosen to portray Peter Krause's son.[9] In that same month Bonnie Bedelia, Sam Jaeger and Monica Potter were cast.[10] Diane Farr was originally chosen as Kristina Braverman but she quickly left the series due to scheduling conflicts with Californication and was replaced by Potter.[10][11]

The series was originally scheduled to premiere on NBC on September 23, 2009.[12] However, on July 10, 2009, it was announced that Parenthood would be pushed back to midseason due to actress Maura Tierney's breast cancer.[13] On September 10, 2009, a spokesperson for Tierney announced that she was leaving the show because of conflicts with her treatment schedule.[14] Tierney's already-filmed scenes were deleted.[15] On October 9, 2009, it was reported that Lauren Graham would replace Tierney in the upcoming series. Helen Hunt had been approached, but she and NBC could not come to a financial deal.[16] The pilot was reshot in November.[5]

Max Burkholder, who portrays a boy who has Asperger syndrome, explained how they ensure his portrayal is accurate:

Ray Romano joined the cast on September 11, 2012.[18] The role was specifically created for him after he expressed his love for the show and met with Katims on the set of Friday Night Lights.[19]

A Note on Asperger's syndrome[edit]

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the standard classification of mental disorders for the clinical use of mental health professionals, and its fifth edition was published in 2013. DSM-5 no longer considers Asperger’s syndrome (AS) its own diagnosis; it is now classified as Autism Spectrum Disorder, although people originally diagnosed with AS have very distinct characteristics from those diagnosed with autism.[20] This difference in behavior and functioning has been reflected on the show. On Season 6: Episode 4, Kristina Braverman, Max’s mother and biggest advocate, corrects another character on their misconceptions of the disorder and states, “actually, it used to be a DSM-IV diagnosis, but it's not anymore.” This shift in diagnoses has had a negative impact on certain families with former diagnoses of pervasive developmental disorders. Although approximately 83 percent of children who received a diagnosis of autism under the DSM-IV-TR criteria still receive the diagnosis of ASD under DSM-5, the remaining 14 percent are diagnosed with social communication disorder (SCD), and therefore may not be eligible for the same treatment and health care insurance that they previously had.[21]

Max’s behaviors and social interactions are spot-on accurate portrayals of what the DSM-IV-TR classifies as causes of clinically significant impairments in familial, social, and even romantic aspects of functioning.[22] Max does not experience developmental issues in cognition or adaptive skills, and there is no impairment in his language and speech. His struggles are strictly social: restricted affect, infrequent eye contact, lack of interest and emotional reciprocity, and total inflexibility for change. Perhaps the most apparent DSM criteria throughout the show is Max’s restricted repetitive behaviors and interests.[22] Max exhibits numerous fixations on various subjects and activities, including insects, vending machines, becoming class president, and photography.

Most recently, Max turned his complete focus on his first love interest, Dylan Jones. However, his actions read more as stalking than flirting. Max has barely grasped the concept of friendly social interactions, and now he has catapulted himself into a world of hormonal urges and desires to which he has never before been exposed. A study conducted on the sexual well-being of a community sample of high-functioning adults on the autism spectrum determined that individuals with AS tend to exhibit problematic sexual behaviors due to deficits in sexual knowledge and negative sexual attitudes.[23] Until this point, Max gave has given little interest and attention to his sexuality or sexual education. Just as in their academic subjects, adolescents with AS require a sexual education that meet the needs of their specific learning style.[23] The study conducted by Byers suggests that this education should focus on the personal thoughts and feelings of the individual with AS, and should strive to enhance self-awareness and self-esteem in order to give them a more positive and healthy perspective on sexuality.

Filming[edit]

Production for the first season began in 2009 with Katims as executive producer, serving as showrunner and head writer; he also directed a few episodes later in the series. The pilot episode was filmed in Northern California, using local crews, while the rest of the series continues to be filmed in Los Angeles.[24]

As in Katims' other show, Friday Night Lights, three cameras are used for shooting, placed at both sides of a scene.[25] There usually are no table reads prior to the filming of an episode, a process otherwise often used in other television shows.[26]

Broadcast history[edit]

In the aftermath of Maura Tierney's departure, the premiere date that was originally set for September 23, 2009,[12] was moved to March 1, 2010, at 9:00 p.m., but it was again delayed to the following day at 10:00 p.m. after The Jay Leno Show was cancelled. The series premiered on March 2, 2010, at 10:00 p.m., on NBC, following The Biggest Loser.[27] The series premiere was dedicated to the memory of Nora O'Brien, a Vice President at NBC, who died on the set of Parenthood on April 29, 2009, after collapsing from an aneurysm. Two other shows, Warehouse 13 and Sanctuary, are also dedicated to her memory.[28]

On April 20, 2010, Parenthood was renewed for a second season by NBC, as reported by Variety.[29] The second season premiered September 14, 2010. Later that year on November 15, it was announced that Parenthood would be moving to Mondays at 10/9c beginning March 7. However, due to an overhaul of NBC's Law & Order: Los Angeles putting the show on an indefinite hiatus, the network announced on January 18, 2011, that Parenthood would remain in the Tuesday 10/9c time slot.

On May 12, 2011, Parenthood was renewed for a third season and premiered at 10:00 p.m. on September 13.[30] On May 10, 2012, NBC renewed Parenthood for a 15-episode fourth season. On April 26, 2013, NBC renewed Parenthood for a fifth season, with 22 episodes.[31] On May 11, 2014, NBC renewed "Parenthood" for a sixth and final season, with 13 episodes,[32] after a stand-off with the cast which has seen their episode guarantee reduced.[33]

Soundtracks[edit]

Parenthood (Original Television Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by Various Artists
Released August 31, 2010 (Digital), October 5, 2010 (CD)
Genre Soundtrack
Label Arrival Records / Scion Music Group
Various Artists chronology
'Parenthood (Television Soundtrack)'
(2010)
Parenthood (Original Television Soundtrack), Vol. 2
(2013)

On August 31, 2010, Arrival Records/Scion Music Group released a soundtrack for the first season of Parenthood. The soundtrack consists of 10 songs including the theme song for Parenthood, "Forever Young" by Bob Dylan, and the international theme, "When We Were Young" by Lucy Schwartz. The soundtrack also includes a cover of "Forever Young" performed by John Doe and Lucy Schwartz.

Andrew McMahon, of the band Jack's Mannequin, revealed in speaking about the band's album, People and Things, that the song "Casting Lines" was written after he was contacted by producers of the show as a possible theme song for the series. After recording the song and sending it to producers, he was told they appreciated his efforts but they had selected "Forever Young" as the show's theme song. The song does appear on Jack's Mannequin's third album, People and Things.

Track listing
  1. "Forever Young" – Bob Dylan
  2. "Darlin' Do Not Fear" – Brett Dennen
  3. "Colors" – Amos Lee
  4. "Kick Drum Heart" – The Avett Brothers
  5. "Put Your Records On" – Corinne Bailey Rae
  6. "In My Dreams" – Eels
  7. "Change of Time" – Josh Ritter
  8. "When We Were Young" – Lucy Schwartz
  9. "In These Arms" – The Swell Season
  10. "Solitaire" – Wilco
  11. "Let It Be Me" – Ray LaMontagne
  12. "Forever Young" – John Doe and Lucy Schwartz
Parenthood (Original Television Soundtrack), Vol. 2
Soundtrack album by Various Artists
Released October 8, 2013
Genre Soundtrack
Label J-2 Music
Various Artists chronology
Parenthood (Original Television Soundtrack)
(2010)
Parenthood (Original Television Soundtrack), Vol. 2
(2013)

A second soundtrack was released on October 8, 2013, through J-2 Music. It was produced by Jason Katims and Liza Richardson among others and features songs heard from the second to the fourth season.[34][35]

Track listing
  1. "Dance In The Graveyards" - Delta Rae
  2. "If I Had A Boat" - Lyle Lovett
  3. "Piece Of My Heart" (Live Recording) - CeeLo Green
  4. "What I Wouldn't Do" - A Fine Frenzy
  5. "Man On Fire (Little Daylight Remix)" - Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros
  6. "Honey I'll Try" - Emile Millar
  7. "Take A Bow" - Greg Laswell
  8. "Hard Times (Come Again No More)" - Brett Dennen
  9. "Lady Adelaide" - Benjamin Gibbard
  10. "My My Love" - Joshua Radin
  11. "High Hope" - Glen Hansard

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Parenthood's first season received generally positive reviews from critics, scoring a 61 out of 100 on the review aggregator Metacritic.[36] Alessandra Stanley of The New York Times said Parenthood is "unexpectedly compelling" despite being reminiscent of Brothers & Sisters. She praised the writing and the cast and described the show as "a coming-of-age drama for all ages".[37] Newark Star Ledger's Alan Sepinwall wrote that "Like the movie that inspired it, Parenthood isn't an instant classic, but it's smart and warm and knowing, and it casts its net so wide that at least part of it should connect with you."[38] Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly wrote, "Parenthood isn't better than Modern Family, but it's different—it's its own creation, thanks to the deft touch and careful characterizations developed by executive producer Jason Katims and his writers."[39]

Following the second season's premiere, Tucker of Entertainment Weekly wrote: "As the series has proceeded, what initially looked like a bunch of talented but disparate actors has cohered into a believable clan."[40] The Huffington Post '​s Maureen Ryan called it a "solidly rewarding drama" which is "something to treasure on the TV schedule".[41] Parenthood was furthermore praised for the way it tackles Asperger's syndrome. The moment during which Kristina and Adam explain to Max he has the syndrome was listed in TV Guide '​s Top TV Moments of 2011.[42]

Regarding the third season, The New Yorker writer Emily Nussbaum noted the show's positive development saying that it "has become stronger with each season". She deemed Parenthood one of only two great dramas on network television next to The Good Wife and cited its ability to be warm and sentimental without being dumb as one of its strengths.[43] Sheri Levine of The Vancouver Sun wrote, "The cast moves effortlessly from providing serious, thoughtful answers to cracking jokes and allowing the funny moments to shine through. It's almost as though art is imitating life, or life imitating art."[44] TIME magazine columnist James Poniewozik wrote that the show's "third and fourth seasons have elevated it to one of TV's best because of how it has hit a memorable theme from FNL: the idea of how community can be, inseparably, both a burden and indispensable support."[45]

Upon the fourth season premiere, The Washington Post TV columnist Jen Chaney called the show "a perfect piece of 'reali-scapism': A television show that tackles subjects many of us confront in our own lives and dips all of it in just enough escapism to make it enjoyable to watch."[46] Rachel Stein of Television Without Pity felt that the show "possesses the same family bonding that Lorelai and Rory [of Gilmore Girls] had (times 18 for every member of this family), each episode has a lot of purposeful quirk and there's a certain quaintness about life that it captures in the Braverman clan."[47] The season was listed as one of the 10 best seasons of television in 2012 in several publications, including the Cleveland Plain Dealer, the Contra Costa Times, The Daily Beast, HitFix, Salon.com, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, TIME magazine, and TV Guide.[48] Writing for The Daily Beast, Jace Lacob highlighted Monica Potter's "breathtaking" performance, whose cancer storyline was "poignant" and "gripping".[49] Alan Sepinwall from HitFix commented: "this season’s cancer storyline has brought a lot of what the show does well into even sharper focus, raising the stakes of almost every storyline in the process, and delivering fantastic, honestly tear-jerking performances."[50]

Accolades[edit]

Accolades for Parenthood
Year Awards Group Category Recipient Result
2010 Casting Society of America[51] Outstanding Achievement in Casting - Television Pilot - Drama Carrie Audino, Laura Schiff and Nina Henninger Nominated
Teen Choice Awards[52] Choice TV: Female Breakout Star Mae Whitman
Choice TV: Parental Unit Lauren Graham
Television Academy Honors[53] Television with a Conscience Won
2011 ALMA Awards[54][55] Favorite TV Actress - Supporting Role Sarah Ramos Nominated
2012
NAACP Image Award[56] Outstanding Directing in a Dramatic Series Ken Whittingham
Young Artist Awards[57] Best Performance in a TV series - Supporting Young Actor Max Burkholder
Best Performance in a TV series - Guest Starring Young Actor 18-21 Max Ehrich
Humanitas Prize[58] 60 Minute Category Episode "Remember Me, I’m The One Who Loves You" (written by Kerry Ehrin)
NAMIC Vision Awards[59][60] Best Drama Won
PRISM Awards[61][62] Drama Series Episode – Substance Use Episode "Damage Control"
Male Performance in a Drama Series Multi-Episode Storyline Craig T. Nelson
Drama Series Multi-Episode Storyline – Mental Health Max's Asperger's
Performance in a Drama Episode Lauren Graham Nominated
Primetime Emmy Awards[63] Guest Actor in a Drama Series Jason Ritter
2013 NAACP Image Award[64] Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series Joy Bryant
Television Academy Honors[65] Television with a Conscience Won
Young Artist Awards[66] Best Performance in a TV Series - Leading Young Actress Savannah Paige Rae
Best Performance in a TV Series - Supporting Young Actor Tyree Brown
Critics' Choice Television Awards[67][68] Best Supporting Actress in a Drama Series Monica Potter
Television Critics Association[69] Individual Achievement in Drama Nominated
People's Choice Awards[70] Favorite Network TV Drama Nominated
Golden Globe Awards[71] Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film Monica Potter Nominated
2014 Young Artist Awards[72] Best Performance in a TV Series - Supporting Young Actor Tyree Brown Nominated
Best Performance in a TV Series - Supporting Young Actor Max Burkholder Won
Best Performance in a TV Series - Supporting Young Actor Xolo Mariduena Nominated
Best Performance in a TV Series - Supporting Young Actress Savannah Paige Rae Nominated
Outstanding Young Ensemble in a TV Series Savannah Paige Rae, Tyree Brown, Max Burkholder, Xolo Maridueña Won

Ratings[edit]

Season Time slot (ET) Episodes Season premiere Season finale TV season Rank Viewers
(in millions)
Date Viewers
(in millions)
Date Viewers
(in millions)
1 Tuesday 10:00 pm 13
March 2, 2010
8.10[73]
May 25, 2010
6.04[74] 2009–10 71st[75] 6.39[75]
2 22
September 14, 2010
7.60[76]
April 19, 2011
6.32[77] 2010–11 77th[78] 6.87[78]
3 18
September 13, 2011
6.29[79]
February 28, 2012
5.16[80] 2011–12 76th[81] 6.57[81]
4 15
September 11, 2012
5.48[82]
January 22, 2013
4.87[83] 2012–13 57th[84] 7.09[84]
5 Thursday 10:00 pm 22 September 26, 2013 5.06[85] April 17, 2014 3.99[86] 2013–14 71st[87] 6.36[87]
6 13 September 25, 2014 4.26[88] 2014–15

DVD release[edit]

DVD Name Region 1 Release Date Region 2 Release Date Region 4 Release Date Ep # Discs Additional Information
Season 1 August 31, 2010[89] July 11, 2011[90] December 1, 2010[91] 13 3 Deleted scenes, Extended episodes, Episode commentary with Executive Producer Jason Katims and "Get To Know Your Parents" featurette#
Season 2 August 30, 2011[92] TBA September 7, 2011[93] 22 6 TBA
Season 3 August 8, 2012[94] TBA October 3, 2012[95] 18 4 Deleted storyline featuring Drew, Deleted scenes, Audio commentary on two episodes

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wayland, Sara (February 8, 2010). "Ron Howard Interview NBC's PARENTHOOD". Collider.com. Retrieved November 30, 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.deadline.com/2014/05/parenthood-renewed-season-7-nbc/
  3. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (June 2, 2014). "NBC Sets Fall Premiere Dates for 'The Blacklist', 'The Mysteries of Laura', 'Parenthood', 'Bad Judge', 'Constantine' & More". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ Schneider, Michael (January 28, 2009). "NBC returns to ‘Parenthood’". Variety. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Angelo, Megan (February 21, 2010). "Once More Around the Sandbox". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Development Update: Friday, March 6". The Futon Critic. March 6, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Development Update: Monday, March 23". The Futon Critic. March 23, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Craig T. Nelson Admits Passing On ‘Modern Family’ Over Money". Access Hollywood. January 26, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Development Update: Friday, April 10". The Futon Critic. April 10, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "More stars join NBC's 'Parenthood'". HitFix. April 20, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Development Update: Tuesday, April 14". The Futon Critic. April 14, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Mitovich, Matt (June 25, 2009). "Fall TV: NBC Announces Premiere Dates". TV Guide. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  13. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (July 10, 2009). "Maura Tierney illness delays 'Parenthood'; NBC drama postpones production, moves to midseason". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  14. ^ Abrams, Natalie (September 10, 2009). "Maura Tierney Leaves Parenthood to Accommodate Cancer Treatment". TV Guide. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  15. ^ "'Parenthood' (2010) - Episodes cast". Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  16. ^ Abrams, Natalie (October 9, 2009). "Gilmore Girls '​ Lauren Graham Takes Starring Role in Parenthood". TV Guide. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  17. ^ Etkin, Jaimie (October 12, 2013). "'Parenthood' Christmas Episode: Max Burkholder On Kristina's Fate, Asperger's, Vending Machines And More". The Huffington Post. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  18. ^ Rice, Lynette (June 19, 2012). "'Parenthood' scoop: Ray Romano to guest star". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  19. ^ Fernandez, Maria Elena (January 2, 2013). "Ray Romano is happy to be playing on Team Max on 'Parenthood'". Today.com. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  20. ^ American Psychiatric Association, (2013). Autism Spectrum Disorder. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association
  21. ^ Zablotsky, B., Kalb, L., Freedman, B., Vasa, R., & Stuart, E. (2014). Health care experiences and perceived financial impact among families of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Psychiatric Services, 65, 395-398. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201200552
  22. ^ a b American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890423349
  23. ^ a b Byers, E., Nichols, S., Voyer, S., & Reilly, G. (2012). Sexual well-being of a community sample of high-functioning adults on the autism spectrum who have been in a romantic relationship. Autism, 17, 418-433. doi: 10.1177/1362361311431950
  24. ^ Perlman, Claire (March 3, 2010). "Berkeley Stars in Premier of NBC's 'Parenthood'". The Daily Californian. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  25. ^ Masters, Megan (March 7, 2013). "Parenthood @ PaleyFest: Scoop on Season 5 Hopes (and Plans!), Sarah's Choice and More". TVLine. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  26. ^ Webber, Stephanie (June 6, 2013). "‘Parenthood’ Interview: Max Burkholder On No Table Reads, Stocking Up On Tissues". She Said Media Said. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  27. ^ Hibberd, James (January 14, 2010). "NBC's post-'Leno' schedule revealed". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Biography for Nora O'Brien". Retrieved January 10, 2011. 
  29. ^ Gorman, Bill (April 20, 2010). "Parenthood Renewed For Second Season By NBC". TV by the Numbers (Zap2it). Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  30. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (May 12, 2011). "UPDATE: NBC Renews 'Parenthood' & 'Harry's Law'". Deadline.com (PMC). Retrieved May 12, 2011. 
  31. ^ "NBC Announces Five Drama Series Renewals for Next Season". TheFutonCritic.com. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Fresh Comedies, Captivating Dramas and Highly Popular Returning Series Highlight NBC's Well-Balanced and Dynamic 2014-15 Primetime Schedule". TheFutonCritic.com. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  33. ^ http://www.deadline.com/2014/05/parenthood-renewal-delay-standoff/
  34. ^ "Parenthood Original Television Soundtrack, Vol. 2". Amazon.com. October 8, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  35. ^ Reiher, Andrea (October 17, 2013). "'Parenthood' soundtrack vol. 2 features CeeLo Green, Edward Sharpe and more hit artists". Zap2it. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Parenthood - Season 1 Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. March 2, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  37. ^ Stanley, Alessandra (March 1, 2010). "A Family Affair, From Acne to Arthritis". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  38. ^ "'Parenthood' review: Sepinwall on TV". NJ.com. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  39. ^ Reviewed by Ken Tucker (March 3, 2010). "Parenthood (2010)". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  40. ^ Tucker, Ken (September 15, 2010). "'Parenthood' season premiere review: 'I hear you and I see you'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Review: Taking on 'Parenthood' and Liking the Results". September 14, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Top Moments of the Year Pictures, Parenhtood Photos". TV Guide. 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Warming Trend. The sentimental smarts of 'Parenthood'". The New Yorker. January 2, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  44. ^ Levine, Sheri (December 6, 2011). "The ups and downs of Parenthood". The Vancouver Sun. Pacific Newspaper Group. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  45. ^ Poniewozik, James (December 4, 2012). "Top 10 TV Series - 8. Parenthood". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  46. ^ Chaney, Jen (September 11, 2012). "In praise of: NBC’s ‘Parenthood’". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 20, 2012. 
  47. ^ Stein, Rachel (September 12, 2012). "Parenthood: This Week's Chuckle, Cry and Cringe". Television Without Pity. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  48. ^ Dietz, Jason (December 12, 2012). "2012 Television Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
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  53. ^ Braxton, Greg (March 7, 2011). "Television Academy Honors honors 8 shows 'with a conscience'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 1, 2013. 
  54. ^ Powers, Lindsay (July 28, 2011). "'The Voice's' Christina Aguilera, Selena Gomez Among ALMA Award Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  55. ^ "Press Release: Nominees Announced for E 2012 NCLR ALMA AWARDS®". ALMA Awards. National Council of La Raza. July 9, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
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