Pariśiṣṭa

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Pariśiṣṭa (Devanagari: परिशिष्ट, "supplement, appendix") is the term applied to various ancillary works of Vedic literature dealing with details and elaborations not covered in the texts logically and chronologically prior to them: the Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Sutras.

Parisista works exist for each of the four Vedas. However, only the literature associated with the Atharvaveda is extensive.

Rigveda[edit]

The Āśvalāyana Gṛhya Pariśiṣṭa is a very late text associated with the Rigveda canon. It is a short text of three chapters expanding on domestic rites such as the daily sandhyopāsana and rites of passage such as marriage and śrāddha.[1]

Samaveda[edit]

The Gobhila Gṛhya Pariśiṣṭa,[2] ascribed to Gobhilaputra, is a short metrical text of two chapters, with 113 and 95 verses respectively. Its subjects are covered in a fragmentary manner. The first chapter deals with sundry aspects of the sacrificial ritual such the names of the 37 different kinds of sacrificial fires, the rules and measurements for the firesticks, preparation of the sacrificial ground, and times for various offerings. The second chapter deals mainly with major domestic rites such as the marriage ceremony and śrāddha. Noteworthy are injunctions such as that a girl should be given away in marriage before she attains puberty.[3]

A second short text, the Chāndogya Pariśiṣṭa[4] has roughly similar coverage.[5]

Yajurveda[edit]

Śukla (White)[edit]

The Kātiya Pariśiṣṭas, ascribed to Kātyāyana, consist of 18 works enumerated self-referentially in the fifth of the series (the Caraṇavyūha):[6] Six other works of parisista character are also traditionally ascribed to Kātyāyana, including a work of identical name (Pratijña) but different contents. How many of these 24 are actually due to Kātyāyana is dubious; in all probability, they were composed by different authors at different times, with the Pratijña and the Caraṇavyūha being among the latest as they mention the others.[7]

Scope[8] Books
Form and language of the Saṃhitā Pratijña I(3), Anuvākasaṃkhya(4), Caraṇavyūha(5), Ṛgyajuṣa(8), Pārṣada(9), Pratijña II, Sarvānukrama, Yājñavalkyaśikṣā
Śrauta rituals Yūpalakṣaṇa(1), Chāgalakṣaṇa(2), Śulba(7), Iṣṭakāpūraṇa(10), Pravarādhyāya(11), Mūlyādhyāya(12), Hautrika(16), Kūrmalakṣaṇa(18), Kratusaṁkhyā
Śrauta and Gṛhya Nigama(14), Yajñapārśva(15), Mantrabhrāntihara Sūtra
Gṛhya rituals Śrāddhasūtra(6), Uñchaśāstra{13), Śuklayajurvidhāna
Dharmaśāstra Prasavotthāna(17)

Kṛṣṇa (Black)[edit]

The Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda has 3 parisistas:[3]

  • The Āpastamba Hautra Pariśiṣṭa, which is also found as the second praśna of the Satyasāḍha Śrauta Sūtra, specifies the duties of the Hotṛ priest in haviryajñas other than the darśapūrṇmāsa (New and Full Moon sacrifice).
  • The Vārāha Śrauta Sūtra Pariśiṣṭa.
  • The Kātyāyana Śrauta Sūtra Pariśiṣṭa.

Atharvaveda[edit]

For the Atharvaveda, there are 79 works, collected as 72 distinctly named parisistas.[9]

Book Coverage
1 Lore of the constellations
2-19 Royal ceremonies
20-33 Ritual
34-36 Magic
37-40 Ritual
41-44 Religious observances
45-46 Ritual
47-48 Phonetics and Lexicography
49 Vedic conspectus (the Caraṇavyūha)
50-72 Omens

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Modak 1993, p.189
  2. ^ Also known as the Gṛhyasaṃgraha
  3. ^ a b Modak 1993, p.190
  4. ^ also known as the Karmapradīpika
  5. ^ Modak 1993, p.201
  6. ^ (II.4): Kashikar 1994, p.6; Modak 1993, p.190
  7. ^ Kashikar 1994, p.8; Chakrabarti(2004), pp.92-94
  8. ^ Kashikar 1994,p.7-8
  9. ^ Modak 1993, p.191

References[edit]

  • BR Modak, The Ancillary Literature of the Atharva-Veda, New Delhi, Rashtriya Veda Vidya Pratishthan, 1993, ISBN 81-215-0607-7
  • CG Kashikar, A Survey of the Śukla Yajurveda Pariśiṣṭas, Poona, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (Post-Graduate and Research Dept. Series #38), 1994
  • SC Chakrabarti, "A Survey of the Śuklayajurveda Pariśiṣṭas by C.G. Kashikar", Journal of the Asiatic Society, Vol.XLVI, no.3, Kolkata, 2004, ISSN 0368-3308