Parintintin man, ca. 1920s
|Regions with significant populations|
|Brazil ( Amazonas)|
|Related ethnic groups|
As of 2010, the Parintintin have a population of around 418 and live in three villages on two indigenous territories (TIs):
- TI Ipixuna 215,362 hectares (2,154 km2; 832 sq mi), and
- TI Nove de Janeiro 228,777 hectares (2,288 km2; 883 sq mi).
Language and culture
Parintintin people are argicultalists, fishermen, and gatherers. Their social structure is based on two moieties that are exogamous and named for different types of birds. They are a patrilineal society.
Following contact with Brazilians in 1946, a population of 4,000 at the time was eventually reduced to 120 after Brazil's second rubber boom and the construction of the Trans-Amazon highway in 1970. Further colonization of the Amazon basin led to the spread of diseases that the Parintintin were not prepared for.
The Parintintin currently face possible downstream impacts from the Madeira Hydroelectric Complex.