Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy

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Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy
Signed 29 July 1960
28 January 1964 (addnl Protocol)
16 November 1982 (Protocol)
12 February 2004 (Prototocol)[1]
Location Paris
Effective 1 April 1968 (incl addn Protocol)
7 October 1988 (1982 Protocol)
Not in force (2004 Prototocol)
Condition 5 ratifications
Signatories 19[1]
Parties 16 (Convention incl 1960 and 1982 protocols)[1]
2 (Protocol)
Depositary Secretary-General of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
presently: Secretary-general of the OECD
Languages English, French, German, Spanish, Italian and Dutch[2][3][4][5]

The Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy is a 1960 OECD Convention on liability and compensation for damage caused by accidents occurring while producing nuclear energy.[6][7] The convention entered into force on 1 April 1968 and has been amended by protocols in 1964, 1982, and 2004. The convention, as amended by the 1964 and 1982 protocols have 16 parties. The 2004 protocol has not entered into force. Austria and Luxembourg signed the convention but have not ratified it. Switzerland deposited its instruments of ratification for the convention as amended by the 2004 protocol. The convention will enter into force for this country once the 2004 protocol enters into force.

The convention:

  • Limits liability to a certain amount and limit the period for making claims;
  • Require insurance or other surety by operators;
  • Channels liability exclusively to the operator of the nuclear installation;
  • Impose strict liability on the nuclear operator, regardless of fault, but subject to exceptions.
  • Grants exclusive jurisdiction to the courts of one country, normally the country in whose territory the incident occurs

Parties[edit]

A list of Parties to the convention (as amended by the 1964 and 1982 protocols), the 2004 protocol, as well as the Brussels protocol and the Joint protocol is shown below:

Country Convention
incl 1964 and
1982 Protocol
2004 Protocol Brussels
Protocol
Brussels Protocol
2004 amendment
Joint Protocol (Territorial) application
 Belgium 3 August 1966 20 August 1985
 Denmark 4 September 1974 4 September 1974 26 May 1989 incl. Greenland (excl 1982 Protocol)
 Finland 16 June 1972 14 January 1977 3 October 1994
 France 9 March 1966 30 March 1966 incl 16 territories (excl Brussels Protocol)
 Germany 16 June 1972 1 October 1975 13 June 2001
 Greece 12 May 1970 16 May 2001
 Italy 17 September 1975 3 February 1976 31 July 1991
 Netherlands 28 December 1979 28 September 1979 1 August 1991 European territory only
 Norway 2 July 1973 26 November 2010 7 July 1973 24 November 2010 11 March 1991
 Portugal 29 September 1977
 Slovenia 16 October 2001 5 June 2003 27 January 1995
 Spain 31 October 1961 27 July 1966 12 January 2006
 Sweden 1 April 1968 3 April 1968 27 January 1992
  Switzerland 9 March 2009 9 March 2009 11 March 2009 Not applicable
 Turkey 10 October 1961 26 March 2007
 United Kingdom 23 February 1966 24 March 1966 incl. British Virgin Islands,[a] Cayman Islands,[a] Falkland Islands,[b][a] Gibraltar,[a] Guernsey,[b] Hong Kong,[c] Jersey,[d] Isle of Man, Montserrat,[a] Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[a]
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f excluding the Brussels Protocol
  2. ^ a b excluding the 1982 Protocol
  3. ^ After the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong, the conventions remained in force
  4. ^ excluding the Paris convention and protocols

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]