Paris Fire Brigade
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|Brigade de sapeurs-pompiers de Paris|
|Motto||"Sauver ou périr" (Save or Perish)|
|Colors||Red & black|
The Paris Fire Brigade (French Brigade des sapeurs-pompiers de Paris, BSPP), is a French Army unit which serves as the fire service for Paris and certain sites of national strategic importance.
The brigade's main area of responsibility is the City of Paris and the surrounding départements of Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, and Hauts-de-Seine. It also serves the Centre Spatial Guyanais in Kourou, the Military Rocket Test Centre in Biscarosse, and the gas plant of Lacq-Artix. The other departments of metropolitan Paris have their own fire brigades.
The brigade is a unit of the French Army's Engineering Arm (Génie) and the firefighters are therefore sappers (sapeurs, thus sapeurs-pompiers). With 8,550 firemen, it is the largest fire brigade in Europe and the third largest urban fire service in the world, after the Tokyo Fire Department and New York City Fire Department. The brigade is placed at the disposal of the Paris Prefecture of Police in an arrangement similar to that of the French Gendarmerie. Its motto is "Save or Perish" (French "Sauver ou périr").
Another military force responsible for firefighting in France is the Marseille Naval Fire Battalion (BMPM). The remainder of France has civilian fire and rescue services (services départementaux d'incendie et de secours). See: Fire service in France
- 1 Mission
- 2 History
- 3 Selection and instruction
- 4 Resources
- 5 Corporate Organisation
- 6 Field Organisation
- 7 Special Services
- 8 Operations
- 9 Hazing rape in May 2012
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
As any French firefighter, their missions are
- Fire Suppression
- Emergency Basic Life Support ambulance
- Utility Safety – Gas Leaks et al.
- Personal Assistance – Victims services, SAR lost persons
- Motor vehicle collision response
- Protection of beings
- Patrol, Reconnaissance and Research
- Animal rescue
- Pollution control and HAZMAT Response
- Alarm response
They defend Paris and its "little crown" (close suburbs), but also specific sites:
- Guiana Space Centre of Kourou Guyane.
- test field for missiles in Biscarosse.
- site for extraction and processing of natural gas in Lacq-Artix.
Special missions for Bastille Day
Traditionally the Paris Fire Brigade parades twice during the Bastille Day military parade: once so pedestrian, and a second time with its vehicles. During the parade tour members are armed FAMAS, the famous French bullpup-styled assault rifle, reminding them belonging to the armed forces. Different fire stations of the Paris Fire Brigade organized each July 13 and / or July 14 evening a great dance party, within the walls of the barracks and called Bal des pompiers (firemen ball in English).
Founded in 1793 as the Corps des gardes-pompes de la ville de Paris and following the 23 hour Austrian Embassy Fire in 1810 became a military organisation by imperial decree by Emperor Napoléon. On 18 September 1811, it became the Bataillon de sapeurs-pompiers de Paris and was expanded to the Régiment de sapeurs-pompiers de Paris in 1867. On 1 March 1967 became the Brigade des sapeurs-pompiers de Paris.
Selection and instruction
The operational personnel (hommes du rang i.e. privates) are usually engaged for five years. They must have French nationality, be between 18 and 25 years old, have a clean criminal record and have at least a vocational training certificate (CAP). The selection is three days long, with sports tests, psychomotor tests, medical examination, etc.
Training takes place in the Instruction Grouping (Groupement d'instruction, GI), at the fort of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges. The first period lasts two months, with the first aid and first responder training, and basic military instruction (including shooting).
The sapper then undertakes practical training of four months in an operational fire company (compagnie d'incendie); he takes part in personal assistance and utility safety operations.
The sapper then returns to the Instruction Grouping for two further months for his fire training. He is then permanently attached to a fire company.
The BSPP consists of 8,340 personnel who man 81 stations and facilities who conduct 1200 operations daily.
- 463 pieces of equipment
The brigade is commanded by a Brigade General as part of the French Army's engineering arm. The brigade commander directly controls the Information and Public Relations Bureau, and who is assisted a Colonel-Adjutant, a General Council called a Cabinet and a Chief of Staff who controls the following Bureaus:
- General Studies Bureau
- Financial Programs and Budget Bureau
and three Assistant Chiefs of Staff:
- Assistant Chief for Employment
- Operations Bureau
- Formation and Instruction Bureau
- Prevention Bureau
- Assistant Chief for Logistics
- Techniques Service
- Infrastructure Service
- Administrative Service
- Telecommunications and Information Service
- Assistant Chief for Human Resources
- Human resources Bureau
- Personnel Welfare Bureau
- Chief Doctor
- First fire group – Northeast Paris and Seine-Saint-Denis
- Second fire group – Southeast Paris and Val-de-Marne
- Third fire group – west Paris and Hauts-de-Seine
each contains eight Fire companies and an Emergency medical service
- Instructions group
- Services group
First fire group (Premier groupement d'incendie)
The First fire group of the Paris Fire Brigade covers Northeast Paris and Seine-Saint-Denis and is Headquartered at:
- 12 rue Carpeaux 75018 Paris tel: 01.42.26.83.18
and consist of the following units:
and 8 Fire Companies (CEI)
- 7th at Blanche
- 9th at Montmartre
- 10th at Landon
- 12th at Ménilmontant
- 13th at Aulnay-sous-Bois
- 14th at Clichy-sous-Bois
- 24th at Montreuil
- 26th at Saint-Denis
Second fire group (Deuxième groupement d'incendie)
The Second Fire Group of the Paris Fire Brigade covers Southeast Paris and Val-de-Marne and is Headquartered at:
- 16 avenue Boutroux 75013 Paris Tel: 01.45.82.58.18
and consist of the following:
and 8 Fire Companies (CEI)
- 1st at Chaligny
- 2nd at Massena
- 8th at Rousseau
- 11th at Sévigné
- 15th at Champigny
- 17th at Créteil
- 22nd at Rungis
- 23rd at Saint-Maur
Third fire group (Troisième groupement d'incendie)
The Third Fire Group of the Paris Fire Brigade covers Western Paris and Hauts-de-Seine and is Headquartered at:
- 14 rue Henry Regnault 92400 Courbevoie. Telephone: 01.49.04.74.18
and consists of the following units:
and 8 Fire Companies:
- 3rd at Port Royal
- 4th at Colombier
- 5th at Champerret
- 6th at Grenelle
- 16th at Boulogne
- 21st at Plessis Clamart
- 27th at Gennevilliers
- 28th at Puteaux
Instructions Group (Groupement d'instruction)
The Instructions Group of the Paris Fire Brigade provides education and training to all Paris firefighters. It consists of the following:
- Group Staff
- Center for Formation and Cadres
- Center for the Instruction of Recruits
- Basic Training Company
- Auto School, driving and repairs
- Support Company
Controlled by Headquarters
The BSPP has about 1 200 interventions per day. In 2001:
- 1st fire group: 163 081 interventions amongst which 9 606 fires;
- 2nd fire group: 136 078 interventions amongst which 5 583 fires;
- 3rd fire group: 150 376 interventions amongst which 5 234 incendies.
There are 6,16 million inhabitants in the BSPP zone (1999). This represents:
- per day: 19 interventions per 100 000 inhabitants;
- per year: 7 300 interventions per 100 000 inhab., amongst which 331 fires per 100 000 inhab.
Hazing rape in May 2012
In May 2012, thirteen Paris firefighters were arrested after a recruit claimed he was raped in an initiation ceremony filmed with a telephone.
- Thirteen Paris firefighters held over 'hazing rape', BBC News, 9 May 2012
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