Paris Métro Line 7

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     Line 7
Metro-M.svg Paris m 7 jms.svg
VBRITTO-metro-porte-divry-paris.jpg
Paris metro station Porte d'Ivry – line 7
Overview
Stations 38
Ridership 120.7 million journeys per year
Operation
Opening 1910
(last extension in 1987)
Rolling stock MF 77 5 carriages per trainset
Technical
Line length 22.4 km (13.9 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map

Paris Métro Line 7 is one of sixteen lines of the Paris Métro system. Crossing the capital from its north-eastern to south-eastern sections via a moderately curved path, it links La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 in the north with Mairie d'Ivry and Villejuif – Louis Aragon in the south, while passing through important parts of central Paris.

Line 7 began operating in 1910 and, along with Line 13, is one of only two Métro lines that has a branch. Originally located in the northeast and splitting at Louis Blanc, it was transferred in 1967 to what is now Line 7bis. In 1982, a new branch was added in the southeast to Mairie d'Ivry, branching off at Maison Blanche. Line 7 has only steel rails.

At 18.6 km (12 mi), Line 7 is one of the longest in the Paris Métro network. In addition, it contains the most stations as well as being the third most-patronised line of the Métro, with 120.7 million riders in 2004.[1]

History[edit]

Chronology[edit]

  • 5 November 1910: Line 7 was opened linking Opéra to Porte de la Villette.
  • 18 January 1911: A new branch was opened from Louis Blanc to Pré-Saint-Gervais.
  • 1 July 1916: The line was extended in the south from Opéra to Palais Royal.
  • 16 April 1926: The line was extended from Palais Royal to Pont Marie.
  • 15 February 1930: While a tunnel was being built on line 7 to cross the River Seine, a new section between Place Monge and Place d'Italie was opened and temporarily operated as part of Line 10.
  • 3 June 1930: The line was extended from Pont Marie to Pont de Sully.
  • 7 March 1930: That section temporarily operating as part of Line 10 was extended from Place d'Italie to Porte de Choisy.
  • 26 April 1931: The section between Pont de Sully and Place Monge was opened. The section between Place Monge and Porte de Choisy was transferred to Line 7 and it was extended to Porte d'Ivry simultaneously.
  • 1 May 1946: The line was extended from Porte d'Ivry to Mairie d'Ivry.
  • 1967: Because of a lack of traffic, the northern branch of the line 7 between Louis Blanc and Pré-Saint-Gervais became a new independent line known as Line 7bis.
  • 4 October 1979: The line was extended to the north from Porte de la Villette to Fort d'Aubervilliers.
  • 10 December 1982: A new branch was opened to the south from Maison Blanche to Le Kremlin-Bicêtre.
  • 28 February 1985 : The line was extended from Le Kremlin-Bicêtre to Villejuif Louis Aragon.
  • 6 May 1987: The line was extended from Fort d'Aubervilliers to La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945.

Future[edit]

Route and stations[edit]

Geographically accurate diagram of Paris metro line 7

Route[edit]

Line 7 runs for 18.6 km (12 mi) completely underground, stopping at 38 stations. Southbound trains terminate alternately at Villejuif - Louis Aragon and Mairie d'Ivry, diverging at Maison Blanche. Late at night, through trains only operate to Mairie d'Ivry; a shuttle train to Villejuif originates at Maison Blanche.

In the north, the line begins at La Courneuve in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis at the intersection of National Routes 2 and 186. La Courneuve station acts as a transfer between the Métro and Paris' fragmented, suburban tramway system, with a station on Paris Tramway Line 1 (T1). Unlike most stations in Paris, there are three tracks, the central one used for departures and arrivals.

Running below National Route 2 (RN2), the line heads to the south-west, entering Paris in two single-line tunnels so as to avoid a now-unused terminal loop at Porte de la Villette. It then descends a 4% grade below Canal Saint-Denis and then climbs back up to stop at Corentin Cariou. Two stations beyond, Line 7 reaches Stalingrad, an important transfer point in the Métro system, where the line turns to run below Rue La Fayette.[2]

Renamed stations[edit]

Date Old name New name
1 November 1926 Pont Notre-Dame Pont Notre-Dame – Pont au Change
15 April 1934 Pont Notre-Dame – Pont au Change Châtelet
6 October 1942 Boulevard de la Villette Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette
10 February 1946 Pont de Flandre Corentin Cariou
Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette Stalingrad
1989 Chaussée d'Antin Chaussée d'Antin – La Fayette
8 March 2007 Pierre Curie Pierre et Marie Curie

Tourism[edit]

Metro Line 7 passes near several places of interest :

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Les chriffres 2005 STIF Retrieved 23 October 2010 (French)
  2. ^ Tricoire, Jean. Un siècle de métro en 14 lignes. De Bienvenüe à Météor

External links[edit]