Park Chan-wook at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival
August 23, 1963 |
Seoul, South Korea
|Other names||Bakridamae (박리다매)|
Former film critic
|Revised Romanization||Bak Chanuk|
Park Chan-wook (Hangul: 박찬욱 Korean pronunciation: [paktɕʰanuk]; born August 23, 1963) is a South Korean film director, screenwriter, producer, and former film critic. One of the most acclaimed and popular filmmakers in his native country, Park is most known for his films Joint Security Area, Thirst and what has become known as The Vengeance Trilogy, consisting of 2002's Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance, Oldboy in 2003 and Sympathy for Lady Vengeance in 2005. His films are noted for their immaculate framing, black humor and often brutal subject matter.
Life and career
Park was born and raised in Seoul, and studied philosophy at Sogang University, where he started a cinema-club called the "Sogang Film Community" and published a number of articles on contemporary cinema. Originally intending to be an art critic, upon seeing Vertigo he resolved to try to become a filmmaker. After graduation, he wrote articles on film for journals, and soon became an assistant director of films like Kkamdong, directed by Yu Yeong-jin, and Watercolor painting in a Rainy Day, directed by Kwak Jae-yong (My Sassy Girl).
His debut feature film was The Moon Is... the Sun's Dream (1992), and after five years, he made his second film Trio. Park's early films were not successful, and he pursued a career as a film critic to make a living.
In 2000, Park directed Joint Security Area, which was a great success both commercially and critically, even surpassing Kang Je-gyu's Shiri as the most-watched film ever made in South Korea. This success made it possible for him to make his next film more independently - Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance is the result of this creative freedom.
After winning the Grand Prix at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival for the film Oldboy, a journalist asked, "in your film, why is the vengeance repeating?". According to Park, he decided to make three consecutive films with revenge as the central theme. Park said his films are about the utter futility of vengeance and how it wreaks havoc on the lives of everyone involved.
His so-called Vengeance Trilogy consists of Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance, Oldboy and Sympathy for Lady Vengeance. It was not originally intended to be a trilogy. Sympathy for Lady Vengeance, shortened to Lady Vengeance, was distributed by Tartan Films for American theatrical release in April 2006.
Despite extreme violence in his films, Park is regarded as one of the most popular film directors in Korea, with three of his last five feature films (Joint Security Area, Oldboy and Sympathy for Lady Vengeance) all drawing audiences of over 3 million. This makes Park the director of three films in the thirty all-time highest grossing films in South Korea. (9th, 29th, 26th respectively as of January 2007).
American director Quentin Tarantino is an avowed fan of Park. As the head judge in 2004 Cannes Film Festival, he personally pushed for Park's Oldboy to be awarded the Palme d'Or (the honor eventually went to Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11). Oldboy garnered the Grand Prix, the second-highest honor in the competition. Tarantino also regards Park's Joint Security Area to be one of "the top twenty films made since 1992."
In 2006, he was the member of official section jury at the 63rd Venice International Film Festival.
In February 2007, Park won the Alfred Bauer Prize at the 57th Berlin International Film Festival. The award, named after the festival's founder and in praise of movies opening up new perspectives, went to Park for his film, I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK.
In 2009, Park directed his first vampire film, Thirst starring Song Kang-ho which won Prix du Jury along with Fish Tank, directed by Andrea Arnold at 2009 Cannes Film Festival. He considered directing Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy but ultimately turned it down.
In 2011, Park said his new fantasy-horror film Paranmanjang (Night Fishing) was shot entirely on the iPhone. The film was co-directed with Park's younger brother, Park Chan-kyong who never had any experience on film directing. It was nominated for Berlinale Shorts during the 2011 Berlin Film Festival, which won Golden Bear for Best Short Film.
In 2013, Park directed his first English-language film, Stoker. He said he learned to accelerate the production process and completed filming in 480 hours. Although Park does speak English, he used an interpreter on set. On why the script attracted his attention, Park said: "I like telling big stories through small, artificially created worlds." On March 2, 2013, Park appeared on a panel discussion about the movie Stoker, held at the Freer Gallery of Art in the Smithsonian's Museums of Asian Art.
|1992||The Moon Is... the Sun's Dream||Yes||Yes||No|
|Joint Security Area||Yes||Yes||No|
|2002||Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance||Yes||Yes||No|
|A Bizarre Love Triangle||No||Yes||No|
|2005||Sympathy for Lady Vengeance||Yes||Yes||No|
|Boy Goes to Heaven||No||Yes||No|
|2006||I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|2008||Crush and Blush||No||Yes||Yes|
|2003||If You Were Me (segment "Never Ending Peace And Love")||Yes||Yes||No|
|2004||Three... Extremes (segment "Cut")||Yes||Yes||No|
|60 Seconds of Solitude in Year Zero (segment)||Yes||Yes||No|
|V (music video for Lee Jung-hyun)||Yes*||Yes||No|
* Directed with his brother Park Chan-kyong
|2001||Deauville Asian Film Festival||Lotus Award for Best Film||Joint Security Area|
|Seattle International Film Festival||New Director's Showcase Special Jury Prize||Joint Security Area|
|2002||Blue Ribbon Awards, Japan||Best Foreign Language Film||Joint Security Area|
|Seattle International Film Festival||Emerging Masters Showcase Award|
|2003||Fantasia Festival, Montreal||Best Asian Film||Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance|
|Philadelphia Film Festival||Jury Award for Best Feature Film||Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance|
|2004||Cannes Film Festival||Grand Prix||Oldboy|
|Asia Pacific Film Festival||Best Director||Oldboy|
|Bergen International Film Festival||Audience Award||Oldboy|
|Grand Bell Awards, South Korea||Best Director||Oldboy|
|Sitges Catalonian International Film Festival||Best Film||Oldboy|
|Stockholm International Film Festival||Audience Award||Oldboy|
|2005||Bangkok International Film Festival||Golden Kinnaree Award for Best Director||Oldboy|
|Venice Film Festival||CinemAvvenire Award||Sympathy for Lady Vengeance|
|2006||Bangkok International Film Festival||Golden Kinnaree Award for Best Director||Sympathy for Lady Vengeance|
|Fantasporto, Portugal||Orient Express Section Grand Prize for Best Film||Sympathy for Lady Vengeance|
|Sarasota Film Festival||Audience Award for Best in World Cinema||Sympathy for Lady Vengeance|
|2007||Berlin International Film Festival||Alfred Bauer Award||I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK|
|Montréal Festival of New Cinema||Z Tele Grand Prize Feature Film Award||I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK|
|Sitges Catalonian International Film Festival||Best Screenplay||I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK|
|2008||Fantasporto, Portugal||International Fantasy Film Award - Special Mention||I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK|
|2009||Cannes Film Festival||Jury Prize||Thirst|
|2011||Berlin Film Festival||Golden Bear for Best Short Film||Night Fishing|
Recurring cast in Park Chan-wook's films
|Actor||Joint Security Area||Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance||Oldboy||Cut||Sympathy for Lady Vengeance||I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK||Thirst|
|Lee Byung Hun|
- 2005. Park's Montage (박찬욱의 몽타주). 마음 산책. 299 pages. ISBN 89-89351-81-2.
- 2005. Park's Hommage (박찬욱의 오마주). 마음 산책. 528 pages. ISBN 89-89351-82-0.
- Chan-wook, Park. (2005-12-10). Park's Montage (essay). 마음 산책. "Introduction about the author, and the prologue". ISBN 89-89351-81-2.
- "Dialogue: Park Chan-wook". May 14, 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- "A.V. Club interview with Park Chan-wook". Retrieved 2009-08-28.
- "Yellow Sea Rising: The Resurrection of South Korean Cinema". Retrieved 2009-08-30.
- McConkey, Rachael. "Contemporary South Korean Auteurs". www.traumafilm.com. Retrieved 2008-05-07.
- Palisades Tartan unleashes the 8-Disc VENGEANCE TRILOGY Box
- (Wiki-internal link) Korean cinema box office
- "The New Cult Canon: Oldboy". October 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
- "China's Tuya's Marriage wins Berlin film festival". rawstory.com. February 17, 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-07.
- Lee, Rachel (March 29, 2012). "Park Chan-wook stalks a thriller with ‘Stoker’". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- "'Oldboy' director shoots new horror film on iPhone 4". CNN. January 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- Kay, Jeremy (September 1, 2011). "Shooting begins on Stoker for Scott Free, Searchlight, Indian Paintbrush". Screen Daily. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "Korean Film Festival DC 2013". The Express. 28 February 2013.
- http://book.naver.com/bookdb/book_detail.nhn?bid=1990820 (Korean)
- http://book.daum.net/detail/book.do?bookid=KOR9788989351818 (Korean)
- http://book.naver.com/bookdb/book_detail.nhn?bid=1990821 (Korean)
- http://book.daum.net/detail/book.do?bookid=KOR9788989351825 (Korean)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Park Chan-wook.|
- Park Chan-wook at the Internet Movie Database
- Park Chan-wook at Rotten Tomatoes
- Park Chan-wook at the Korean Movie Database
- Park Chan-wook at AllMovie
- Park Chan-Wook to make korean horror Movie using only iPhone at Korean Horror Movies
- Park Chan-wook: monographic website (Italian & English)
- Cineseoul profile (Korean)
- HanCinema Director Page
- Park Chan-wook at FEARnet
- SuicideGirls interview with Park Chan-wook by Daniel Robert Epstein
- July 2009 Interview with Park Chan-wook at the Korea Society (Audio)