|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Korean Wikipedia. (February 2013)|
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (December 2012)|
|Park giving a speech at Washington, D.C.'s National Portrait Gallery in May 2013.|
|11th President of South Korea|
25 February 2013
|Prime Minister||Jung Hong-won|
|Preceded by||Lee Myung-bak|
|Leader of the Saenuri Party|
17 December 2011 – 15 May 2012
|Preceded by||Hong Jun-pyo|
|Succeeded by||Hwang Woo-yea|
23 March 2004 – 10 July 2006
|Preceded by||Choe Byeong-ryeol|
|Succeeded by||Kang Jae-sup|
|First Lady of South Korea (de facto)|
16 August 1974 – 26 October 1979
|Preceded by||Yuk Young-soo|
|Succeeded by||Hong Gi|
|Member of the National Assembly|
30 May 2012 – 10 December 2012
|Constituency||Proportional Representation No. 11|
3 April 1998 – 29 May 2012
|Preceded by||Kim Suk-won|
|Succeeded by||Lee Jong-jin|
2 February 1952 |
Daegu, South Korea
|Political party||Saenuri Party|
|Alma mater||Sogang University
University of Grenoble
|Revised Romanization||Bak Geunhye|
Park Geun-hye (Hangul: 박근혜; Hanja: 朴槿惠; Korean pronunciation: [pak.k͈ɯnh(j)e]; born 2 February 1952) is the eleventh and current President of South Korea. She is the first woman to be elected as President in South Korea, and is serving the 18th presidential term. Prior to her presidency, she was the chairwoman of the conservative Grand National Party (GNP) between 2004 and 2006 and between 2011 and 2012 (the GNP changed its name to "Saenuri Party" in February 2012). Park was also a member of the Korean National Assembly, and had served four consecutive parliamentary terms as a constituency representative between 1998 and 2012; starting her fifth term as a proportional representative from June 2012. Her father was Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea from 1963 to 1979. She is generally considered to be one of the most influential politicians in Korea since the presidencies of the two Kims: Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung.
Early life and education 
Park was born on 2 February 1952, in Samdeok-dong of Jung-gu, Daegu, as the first child of Park Chung-hee, the 3rd president of South Korea who served between 1963 and 1979, and Yuk Young-soo. She has a younger brother, Park Ji-man, and a younger sister, Park Seoyeong. Park has never been married.
In 1953, her family moved to Seoul and she graduated from Seoul's Jangchung Elementary School and Sungshim (literal: Sacred Heart) Girls' Middle & High School in 1970, going on to receive a bachelor's degree in electronic engineering from Sogang University in 1974. She also briefly studied at the University of Grenoble, but left France following the death of her mother.
Tenure as First Lady 
Park's mother was assassinated in the National Theater of Korea, Seoul, by Mun Se-gwang, a Japanese-born North Korean assassin, and a member of the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan, under the direction of the North Korean government on 15 August 1974. Park was regarded as first lady until 1979 when her father was also assassinated–by his own intelligence chief, Kim Jae-gyu, on 26 October 1979. During this time, activists who were political opponents of her father, claimed to be subject to arbitrary detention. Further, human rights were considered subordinate to economic development. In 2007 Park expressed regret at the treatment of activists during this period.
Park was elected a Grand National Party (GNP) assemblywoman for Dalseong, Daegu, in 1998 by-election, and three more times in the same electoral district between 1998 and 2008, being the incumbent assemblywoman till April 2012. In 2012, Park announced that she would not run for a constituency representative seat for the 19th election in Dalseong or anywhere else, but for a proportional representative position for the Saenuri Party instead, in order to lead the party's election campaign. She was elected as a proportional representative in the April 2012 election.
GNP chairwoman and "Queen of Elections" 
Due to the failed attempt to impeach President Roh Moo-hyun, and the bribery scandal of its 2002 presidential candidate, Lee Hoi-chang (revealed in 2004), the GNP was facing a severe defeat in the 2004 general election. Park was appointed as the chairwoman of the party and led the election efforts. In the election, the GNP lost its majority position, but managed to gain 121 seats, which is largely considered a great achievement under such inhospitable circumstances for the party. As the chairwoman of the GNP, Park helped her party make significant gains in local elections and actually obtain a majority in 2006.
During the campaign on 20 May 2006, Ji Chung-ho, a 50-year-old criminal with eight previous convictions, slashed Park's face with a utility knife, causing an 11-centimeter wound on her face, requiring 60 stitches and several hours of surgery. A famous anecdote from this incident occurred when Park was hospitalized after the attack. The first word that she said to her secretary after her recovery from her wound was "How is Daejeon?" After this, the candidate from the Grand National Party won the election for mayor of the city of Daejeon despite having trailed by more than 20 percentage points in opinion polls up to the point of the attack. In addition, during Park's term as the GNP chairwoman between 2004 and 2006, the party won all 40 reelections and by-elections held, which was largely credited to Park's influence and efforts. This feat gave Park a nickname "Queen of Elections".
On 12 February 2007, Park made a much-publicized visit to Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. Her visit culminated in an address to a packed audience at the Kennedy School of Government, where she said she wanted to "save" Korea and advocated a stronger relationship between South Korea and the United States.
2007 Presidential bid 
Park hoped to emulate her father's success by becoming the presidential nominee of the Grand National Party. She eventually lost to Lee Myung-bak by a narrow margin. Lee had a commanding lead at the beginning of the primary season, but Park was able to narrow the gap through allegations of Lee's corruption. Park won the "party member's bid", but she lost the "national bid" which is a larger percentage of the total presidential bid.
2008 general election 
After the 2007 presidential election, President Lee Myung-bak formed a government of mostly close supporters. Park's supporters argued that this was a kind of political reprisal, and that they should secede from the Grand National Party. Eventually, they formed parties named Pro-Park Coalition and Solidarity for Pro-Park Independents (친박 무소속 연대; Chin Park Musosok Yeondae). Park herself did not join them, but indirectly supported them by announcing "I hope these people to come back alive". After the mass secession, the rebels announced that they would rejoin GNP after the general election, but the GNP prohibited it. In the following 2008 general election, the rebels won 26 seats: 14 from the Pro-Park Coalition and 12 as independents. Together, they played a pivotal role in the GNP's narrow majority. Park continually insisted that GNP should allow the return of her supporters. As of 2011, most of these rebels had returned to the GNP, resulting in approximately 50 to 60 assembly members who support Park out of 171 in the GNP.
Head of Saenuri Party 
As a response to the dwindling approval rating of the GNP, the party formed an emergency committee and changed the name of the political party from the Grand National Party to the Saenuri Party, meaning "New Frontier" Party. On 19 December 2011, Park was appointed as the chairwoman of GNP's Emergency Committee, the de facto leader of the party.
2012 parliamentary election 
The Saenuri Party achieved a surprise win against the opposing Democratic United Party in the 2012 General Election, winning 152 seats and retaining its majority position. Because of the corruption scandals of the Lee administration revealed before the election, the Saenuri Party was widely expected to win no more than 100 seats. During the 13-day campaign period, Park traveled about 7200 km around South Korea, visiting more than 100 constituencies. It is the consensus of Korean news media and political experts that the most important factor which led to Saenuri Party's victory was Park's leadership. For this reason, the 2012 election was often dubbed the "return of the Queen of Election". Saenuri's defeat in the populous Seoul metropolitan area in this election, however, revealed the limitation of Park's political influence.
2012 presidential campaign 
Park had been the leading candidate for the 2012 presidential election in every national-level poll in South Korea between 2008, when the Lee Myung-bak administration began, and September 2011, with an approval rating of 25% to 45%, more than twice that of the second candidate. Park's approval rating was highest when the 2008 National Assembly election showed her strong influence and lowest in early 2010 as a result of her political stance against the Lee administration in Sejong City issue. In September 2011, Ahn Cheol-soo, a former venture IT businessman and the Dean of Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology at Seoul National University, emerged as a strong independent candidate for the presidency. In national-level presidential polls in September 2011, Ahn and Park Geun Hye closely competed for the status of front-runner, with Park losing the top seat in some polls for the first time since 2008.
After her victory in the 2012 General Election, Park's approval rating increased significantly. In a national-level survey by Mono Research on 30 August Park was the top presidential candidate with an approval rating of 45.5% when competing with all potential candidates, and according to another recent national survey result, had a higher approval rating (50.6%) than Ahn (43.9%) in a two-way competition with him as of 11 September. On 10 July, Park formally announced her 2012 presidential bid at the Time Square, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul. In this event she emphasized the right to pursue happiness, a democratic economy, and customized welfare services for the Korean people.
The opposing Democratic Party elected Moon Jae-in as its presidential candidate on 17 September. And Ahn announced his presidential bid on 19 September. Although still a leading candidate, in two-way competitions Park had lower approval ratings against Ahn's and against Moon's according to a 22 September national survey. She was elected as the President of the Republic of Korea on 19 December 2012 with the approval of 51.6% of Korean voters.
Her conservative, market-oriented political stance was well reflected in her campaign pledge for 2008 presidential bid to cut taxes, reduce regulation, and establish strong law and order. Since 2009, however, Park started to focus more on welfare issues, advocating customized welfare services to the South Korean people.
Park is well known for her strict, no-compromise adherence to political promises. In 2010, for example, she successfully stopped the Lee administration's attempt to cancel the plan to establish Sejong City, a new national center of administration, arguing the plan was a promise made to people. This conflict between Park and Lee Administration cost her a considerable decrease in her approval rating at the time. In 2012, Park also vowed to construct a new airport in the southeastern region, a 2008 presidential campaign promise made by GNP but cancelled in 2011, despite claims of economic infeasibility of the plan.
The administrative vision of President Park Geun-hye’s new government is "A new era of hope and happiness." The five Administrative Goals of the government are "a jobs-centered creative economy," "tailored employment and welfare," "creativity-oriented education and cultural enrichment," "a safe and united society" and "strong security measures for sustainable peace on the Korean Peninsula." The Park Geun-hye administration plans to create a trustworthy, clean, and capable government through carrying out these goals, related strategies, and tasks. 
On 25th February 2013, Park inaugurated the President of South Korea. At 10:00 a.m., she left her home and she arrived in the Blue House.
"I swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President. President Park, 25th February 2013!" She swore.
Foreign Policy 
United States of America 
After taking office, Park met John Kerry and Barack Obama. When an explosion occurred in Boston, she mourned over the death of the Marathon Runners.
In May, Park met Obama again. During the summit, she talked about the problems about the North Korea. But during Park's U.S visit, Yun Chang-jung, who was spokesman of the Blue House at the time, returned to South Korea. The reason of his return- his sexual harassment against Korean-American woman -was later revealed and became huge scandal in South Korea. Park apologized for South Korean people for this and sacked him officially immediately.
Park criticised Abe's rightist turn.
North Korea 
North Korea terminated agreement in March 2013. And in May 2013, they shoot some missile. But Park confronted squarely, so the approval rating for Park increased.
Park mourned victim's death who dead during the earthquake.
Economic Policy 
Park's Economic Policy's agenda is 'the Creative Economy'. However, there is not an exact definition in the Creative Economy, so it's very controversial.
On April, Park said "Timing is very important for our Economic Policy, jobs and livelihood mainly ordinary people should organize a supplementary budget in a timely manner."
1st year(February 2013 - February 2014) 
Parentage controversy 
Park had been often criticized for being the "daughter of a dictator Park Chung-hee" and for not actively supporting the Lee administration by supporters of Lee Myung-bak. A national-level poll conducted in July 2012 by a conservative newspaper reported that 59.2% of participants responded they did not believe Park was a "daughter of a dictator" while 35.5% agreed with the characterization.
During a recent interview with the Cheongju broadcast station, Park commented regarding her stance that her father's May 16 coup was a “revolution to save the country” by stating, “I don’t think it’s the place of politicians to be fighting over whether [the events of 1961] were a ‘coup d’etat’ or a ‘revolution’”. In a July 2012 survey, 49.9% of respondents answered that they disagreed with Park's assessment that her father’s 1961 coup was “unavoidable, the best possible choice, and an advisable decision,” as opposed to 37.2% that agreed.
Bu-il foundation accusations 
Park has faced much scrutiny over an educational foundation, Jeongsoo Scholarship Foundation, formerly known as Buil (in reference to the stock it controls in the newspaper "Busan Ilbo"), which her father, and later, she headed. Its original owners claimed in court they were forced to turn it over to her father.
Party criticism 
A Saenuri Party assemblyman Nam Gyeong-pil criticized the Park-centered nature of the party, regarding its preparation for the 2012 presidential election, and stated, “If we keep seeing the same situation where Park Geun-hye gives a press conference before a general meeting of lawmakers is held, and what she says then gets decided on as the party’s position, then the public is going to think democracy has disappeared from the party”.
Furthermore, some have said Park’s behavior in the lead-up to 2012 presidential election was a mixture of trend-following and corner-cutting—a stark contrast with the vehement insistence on principle that she showed when she opposed a revision of the plan for a multifunctional administrative city in Sejong City. For instance, Yim Tae-hee, another presidential candidate of the party, pointed to Park's voting down of a motion to arrest Chung Doo-un, a law maker implicated with bribery related to saving banks. Another candidate, Ahn Sang-soo, accused Park of “saying one thing yesterday and another today.”
Spokesman sex scandal 
Park fired Yoon Chang-jung, a Blue House spokesman who was alleged by Washington police as committing sexual assault against young woman hired as an intern at the South Korean Embassy in Washington during President Park's first visit to the United States. Park has been criticized for picking the wrong people for senior government posts.
Electoral history 
National Assembly races (1998 to present) 
|15th National Assembly of the Republic of Korea elections, 1998 by-election, Dalseong, Daegu |
|Grand National||Park Geun-hye||28,937||51.5%|
|Grand National hold|
|16th National Assembly of the Republic of Korea elections, 2000, Dalseong, Daegu |
|Grand National||Park Geun-hye||37,805||61.4%|
|Grand National hold|
|17th National Assembly of the Republic of Korea elections, 2004, Dalseong, Daegu|
|Grand National||Park Geun-hye||45,298||70.0%|
|Democratic Labor||Heo Gyeong-do||4,367||6.6%|
|Grand National hold|
|18th National Assembly of the Republic of Korea elections, 2008, Dalseong, Daegu|
|Grand National||Park Geun-hye||50,149||88.57%|
|Democratic Labor||No Yun-jo||5,080||8.97%|
|Grand National hold|
|19th National Assembly of the Republic of Korea elections, 2012, Proportional Representative|
Presidential (2012) 
|Park Geun-hye||Saenuri Party||15,773,128||51.55|
|Moon Jae-in||Democratic United Party||14,692,632||48.02|
|Source: National Election Commission|
- 절망은 나를 단련시키고 희망은 나를 움직인다 [Despair Trains Me and Hope Moves Me] (in Korean). Wisdom House. July 2007. ISBN 89-6086-033-6.
- 나의 어머니 육영수 [My mother, Yuk Young-soo] (in Korean). People&People. January 2001. ISBN 89-85541-54-4.
- 결국 한 줌, 결국 한 점 [In the End Only a Fistful, One Speck] (in Korean). Busan Ilbo Books. October 1998. ISBN 89-87236-25-0.
- 고난을 벗 삼아 진실을 등대삼아 [Befriending Adversity, Truth as the Guiding Light] (in Korean). Busan Ilbo Books. October 1998. ISBN 89-87236-24-2.
- 내 마음의 여정 [Journey of My Mind] (in Korean). Hansol Media. May 1995. ISBN 89-85656-50-3.
- 평범한 가정에 태어났더라면 [If I Were Born in an Ordinary Family] (in Korean). Nam Song. November 1993. ISBN 2001044000207.
- "A New Kind of Korea: Building Trust Between Seoul and Pyongyang". Foreign Affairs. September/October 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
See also 
- Theme 2: A conservative messiah?
- Guray, Geoffrey Lou (December 19, 2012 at 12:18 PM EDT). "South Korea Elects First Female President -- Who Is She?". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved 19 December 2012. More than one of
- Chaemyoung, Lim (November 13, 2012). "S. Korean Christians pray for their up-coming presidential election". Assit News. Retrieved 13 November 2012. More than one of
- Sin Su-jeong(신수정) (14 July 2009). "역시 박근혜! 지지율 29% 1위…5월보다 다소 하락" [Park Geun-hye topped with 29% approval rate.. slightly declined from May]. Herald Business(헤럴드 경제) (in Korea). Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- "8·15대통령저격사건 (八一五大統領狙擊事件)" [15 August President assassination-attempt incident] (in Korean). Doopedia (두산백과). Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- C.I. Eugene Kim (April 1978). "Emergency, Development, and Human Rights: South Korea". Asian Survey (University of California Press) 18 (4): 363–378.
- "Park Calls 1961 Coup 'Revolution' to Save Nation". KBS news. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2012. "She apologized for the sufferings and sacrifices of pro-democracy activists under the constitutional system, which was effective between 1972 and 1979."
- 2012 Yeonhap News article
- 2012 Chosun Biz article
- "Joint Probe into Attack on GNP Chairwoman". Arirang News. 22 May 2006. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Gim Yi-sak(김이삭); Chung Min-seung(정민승) (21 May 2006). "박근혜대표 유세장서 피습 중상" [GNP leader Park Geun-hye attacked during campaign]. Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Kim Nam-kwon(김남권) (4 October 2011). "박근혜, 野시절 `40대 0 신화'.이번엔?" [Park Geun-hye scored 40 to 0 as the opposition. How about this time?]. Yonhap News (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Kim Min-ja(김민자) (29 March 2012). "'선거의 여왕' 박근혜, 총선에서 뒷심 발휘할까?" ['Queen of elections' Park Geun-hye, Could she wield her magic again in April?]. NewsIs (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Politician Wants To ‘Save’ Korea: South Korean National Assembly member advocates alliance with United States". The Harvard Crimson. 13 February 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "The Republic of Korea and the United States:Our Future Together". Institute for Corean-American Studies, Inc. 21 February 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2012. "An Address Delivered at the ARCO (John F. Kennedy Jr.) Forum, John F. Kennedy School of Government Harvard University"
- "In a Rowdy Democracy, a Dictator’s Daughter With an Unsoiled Aura". The New York Times. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Lee Myung-bak". The New York Times. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "South Korea: Park Likely to be First Female President". Spearhead Research. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Sung Yeon-chul(성연철) (12 April 2012). "‘선거의 여왕’ 화려한 귀환…수도권·젊은층에선 한계" [Return of Queen of election. Park also showed her limit among capital area voters and the youth]. The Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Kim Jeong-ha(김정하); Hur Jin(허진); Sohn Guk-hee(손국희) (14 April 2012). "'청바지 유세' 고개 흔들던 박근혜, 30분 뒤" [Park Geun-hye shook head for wearing jeans, but after 30 minutes changed her mind]. JoongAng Ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Kim Sung-gon(김성곤) (15 December 2011). "'여왕의 화려한 귀환' 박근혜가 돌아왔다" [Return of Queen of election, Park Geun-hye returned as GNP leader]. Edaily News (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Kim Hwa-young(김화영) (8 September 2011). "박근혜 대세론 `휘청'..스타일 변화 모색" [Park Geun-hye's top candidate position is challenged. needs to change her style]. Yonhap News (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012. "Faced with rising Ahn Cheol-soo's approval rate, Park Geun-hye's leadership is in question. Sending messages wouldn't be enough, and she must increase her appearance in public. Park will try to tackle the center. [安風에 대세론 제동 걸려..정치적 시험대 올라. `메시지 정치'서 `현장정치'로..중도층 공략 본격화 예상]"
- 박근혜 컨벤션 효과…안철수 지지율도 동반상승 in 2012, (Korean)
-  2012 survey by Realmeter"
-  2012 Donga Ilbo Article
-  2012 survey by Realmeter"
-  2012 Hankook Ilbo article
-  2012 MK News article
-  2010 Nanum News article
-  2012 Maeil Sinmoon article
-  2013 Gateway to Korea
- "박근혜, 18대 대통령 취임‥"희망의 새 시대 열겠다"". 25th February 2013. Retrieved 20th March 2013.
- "박근혜, 18대 대통령 취임‥"희망의 새 시대 열겠다"". 25th February 2013. Retrieved 20th March 2013.
- "박근혜 대통령 "일본 바른 역사인식 없이 미래지향 관계 어렵다"". 25th April 2013. Retrieved 27th April 2013.
- "박근혜 대통령, "일자리·서민 위주로 조속히 추경 편성"". 3rd April 2013. Retrieved 3rd April 2013.
- Kang Jin-kyu (2013.05.20). "Park attends memorial of Gwangju massacre". Joongang Daily. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- Chang Jin-bok(장진복) (24 March 2011). "이해찬 "野 총선승리 시 박근혜 별명은 '독재자의 딸'"" [Lee Hae-chan, "If the oppositions win the legislative election, Park Geun-hye's nickname will change (from Queen of election) to daughter of a dictator"]. NewsIs (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Ko Dong-seok(고동석) (10 January 2011). "손학규 "누가 뭐래도 박근혜는 박정희의 딸"" [Sohn Hak-kyu, "No one can deny Park Geun-hye is the daughter of dictator Park Jeonghui"]. News Hankook (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- (Korean) 2012 Donga Ilbo article
- "Was it a ‘coup’ or a ‘revolution’?". The Hankyoreh. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- "An leading Park in latest polls". The Hankyoreh. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- "Park Geun-hye denies involvement in scandal-ridden foundation". The Hankyoreh. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Park Geun-hye’s flip flopping and double-talking". The Hankyoreh. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- CHOE, SANG-HUN (May 10, 2013). "South Korean President Fires Spokesman for ‘Unsavory Act’ During Visit to U.S.". New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
- Lee, Chi-dong (2013/05/10). "(4th LD) Park sacks spokesman Yoon amid sexual assault allegations". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
- An Jaeseung(안재승); Choe Ikrim(최익림); Hong Dae-sun(홍대선); Sin Seung-geun(신승근) (3 April 1998). "한나라 재보선 4곳 석권" [GNP won all four seats of by-election]. The Han-gyeo-re (in Korean). Retrieved 16 May 2012. "대구 달성에선 이날 자정 현재 82%개표 상황에서 박근혜 후보가 2만8937표(51.5%)를 얻어 1만 6355표(29.1%)를 얻은 엄삼탁 국민회의 후보를 크게 앞지르며 당선됐다. [In Dalseong Daegu, 82% votes were counted by 12 am. And Park Geun-hye got 28,937(51.5%) votes, compared to 16,355 (29.1%) votes for Eom Samtak of Democratic Party. Park has been elected by wide margin."
- "중앙선거관리위원회, 역대 선거정보 시스템" [NEC, past election result]. Retrieved 16 May 2012.[dead link]
- "중앙선거관리위원회, 18대 국회의원 선거관리 시스템" [National Election Committee, 18th legislative election information]. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Voting figures for proportional representation by parties (in Korean)". National Election Commission. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "새누리당 비례대표 당선자 박근혜" [Saenuri Proportional Representation-elect, Park Geun-hye]. Yonhap News (in Korean). 12 April 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Park Geun-hye|
- Park Geun-hye addresses "U.S.–Korea Relations in a Changing World" at Stanford University, 6 May 2009
- Park Geun-hye's speech at the JFK Jr. Forum, Harvard University, 12 February 2007
- "Star Rises for Daughter of South Korea", The Washington Post, 15 March 2005.
|National Assembly of South Korea|
|Member of the National Assembly
|First Lady of South Korea
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Grand National Party
as Leader of the Grand National Party
|Leader of the Saenuri Party
|President of South Korea