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Portrait of Pak Jiwon
5 March 1737|
|Died||10 December 1805
|Notable work(s)||Collection of the Rock of swallow,
Pak Jiwon (Hangul: 박지원; hanja: 朴趾源; 1737-1805), styled Yeonam (Hangul: 연암; hanja: 燕巖, 'Rock of swallow'), was a philosopher and novelist in the late Joseon Dynasty. He has been regarded as one of the greatest thinkers of the so-called "Practical Learning (silhak)" movement. Pak Jiwon belonged to the "School of Profitable Usage and Benefiting the People" (Hangul: 이용후생파; hanja: 利用厚生派; RR: Iyong Husaeng-pa) to promote the industrialization of his country and the development of trade by positively introducing western technologies to Joseon Korea. Pak Jiwon proposed that Joseon import advanced technologies from the Qing Dynasty, and promote Mercantilism.
- Koh Mi-suk (고미숙) (7 March 2011). "고전 인물로 다시읽기: 글쓰기 ‘프리랜서’ 연암 박지원" [Discovering classics: the 'freelancerer' Yonam Pak Jiwon]. Seoul Shinmun (in Korean). Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- Yonam Bak Jiwon: a humanist who sided with the lower classes (연암 박지원: 백성의 편에서 세상을 바꾼 휴머니스트), Im Chae-yeong (임채영), BookStory, March 2012, ISBN 9788993480795.
- Yeonam Bak Jiwon Institute website (in Korean)