Park Jung-yang

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Park.
Park Jung-yang (1941)
Park Jung-yang
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Bag Joong-yang
McCune–Reischauer Park Jung-yang
Pen name
Hangul 해악 or 일소
Hanja or
Revised Romanization Haeag or Ilso
McCune–Reischauer Haeahk or Ilso
Courtesy name
Hangul 원근
Hanja
Revised Romanization Wongeun
McCune–Reischauer Wongeun
Japanese name:
Hochu Segeyo (?)
Yamamoto Shin (?)

Park Jung-yang (Korean: 박중양; Hanja: 朴重陽; sometimes transliterated Park Joong-yang, May 3, 1874 or 1872 — April 23, 1959) was a Korean Joseon and Japanese-ruled Korean bureaucrat, politician, liberal and social activist. He was deactivate of castle of Daegueup(대구읍성;大邱邑城) and Old Gyungsangdo Provincial Office(경상감영;慶尙監營), and contributed to city planning and road maintenance in Daegu. He was assert to peoples rights not guarantee Government, peoples do not have to patriotism.

Park went abroad to Japan to study, and later returned to his country to become a bureaucrat. He was appointed Mayor of Daegu and Governor of Gyeongsangbuk-do from 1906 to 1907. Later he was successive to Governor of Phyeongannamto and Jeollanam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Phyeonganpukto, Chungcheongnam-do. Park was involved in the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 and desperately opposed the March 1st Movement. He also founded the Refrain club.[1]

Park was Governor of Hwanghae-do from 1921 to 1923 and Chungcheongbuk-do province from 1923 to 1925.[2] Then in 1928 he was reappointed Governor of Hwanghae-do province.

He was a conscientious pro-Japanese ideologist and politician. He was nicknamed Haeahk(해악, 海岳), Ilso(일소, 一笑), and Wongeun(원근, 源根). His Japanese name was Hochu Segeyo(朴忠重陽), Yamamoto Shin(山本信). Park's famous pet-name was Stick Mr. Park.[3]

Life[edit]

Early years[edit]

Park Jung-yang was born May 3, Junae, in Yangju county, in Gyeonggi province or Daegu. His birth year is in dispute, listed either as 1872 or 1874. His father supervised a tenant farm and also worked as a farmhand. also his familys original for unknown.

In his adolescent years he joined the Independence Club(독립협회, 獨立協會), but it was dispersed to government repression of Korean Empire. He was disappointed and harbored ill feeling against to Korean Empire governments.

International study[edit]

In 1897, he went abroad to Japan to study and was selected to be a Korean state scholar. Park was self-supporting student, because his homes was a not properties. In 1897 to 1900 he studied at Aoyama middle school(아오야마 학원 중학부, 靑山學院中學部). In 1900 he entered Dokyo buki high school(도쿄부기학교;東京簿記學校) as a banking major.[4] While there, he was double as Japanese police study.[4] after graduation Park was a Neo-Confucianism and 'theory of national prosperity and military power' disciple to Ito Hirobumi.

At that time he employed the Japanese name Yamamoto Shin. This was also the period became a Japanese petty bureaucrats. He was claim ' introduction of parliamentary system' to Imperial Korean governments,[5] but the Korean government refused.

In 1903, homecoming he was pass one's probation bureaucrats of Imperial Korea. Since then to continuously he was conscientious pro-Japanese ideologists and politicians movements.

Bureaucrats and politicians[edit]

In 1903, Park successfully filled various government posts, and was also appointed to the staff of a government management station (관리서;管理署). In 1905, he served as a military interpreter during the Russo-Japanese War.[6] In November 1905, he was appointed to the staff of the Farmers, Artisans and Tradesmen Station(농상공부;農商工部). At the conclusion of Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, he resigned. On May 5, he was appointed to the Department of Defense (군부;軍部) engineer, that time he was in attendance upon of Prince Yi Kang, go to Japan.[7] two months later he returned to his country.

Park Jung-yang (1907.06)

In 1906, Park was promoted to governor of Daegu county,[8] and a short time later promoted again to acting governor of Gyeongsangbuk-do. In office, Park tore down the castle of Daegueup(대구읍성;大邱邑城) without a government license[9] in early 1906, then applied to the Korean government for permission, which was refused. but he was take independent action. Korean empire Government was punishment was trying, also founder of protection from Ito Hirobumi.[9] Later he became involved in Daegu city planning and road maintenance.

That, he was scout strive for hospital, medicine school and college. He was scout successful for Dojin hospital(동인의원, 東仁醫院) and Dojin hospital affiliate medicine school(동인의원 부속의학교, 東仁醫院部屬醫學校). He was supporter of more Journal, even so much as his satire Journals. His idea was must conviction journals liberty necessarily guard station.

In 1907, he became a governor of Phyeongannamto and Phyeonganpukto, and in 1910, Park became the full Governor of Chungcheongnam-do.

Japanese-ruled under Korean[edit]

Park Jung-yang, Governor of North Chungcheong times

In August 20, 1910, at the conclusion of Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, Park was succeed oneself of Governor of Chungcheongnam-do, until 1915. Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 Later, he was not sad. He was assert to people's happiness does not guarantees government, people also does not need to be loyal. From 1916 to 1920, a member of Japanese Government-General of Koreas Privy Council(조선총독부 중추원). in 1919 he was desperately oppose to March 1st Movement, in 6 April 1919, he was found to Refrain club(자제단;自制團).[1] also he was break up persuasion to March 1st Movement participants.[4] that affair for his old friends Seo Jae-pil and Yun Chi-ho was excommunication for him.

In 1921, Park appointed to Governor of Hwanghae Province, and 1923 to 1925 Governor of North Chungcheong Province. The 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, he was Korean peoples release proposal, his assert to Koreans is irrelevant to the case. In 1928 reappointment to Governor of Hwanghae Province. In November 1924, he was complicit in a sex abuse scandal, but that relative woman died suddenly. Three years later, he was dismissed.

Park was give sb a good scolding, tyrannize Japanese police and solder, Bureaucracy for residents. Besides he was ruthless strike for his stick and some days confine. Also he was confine of impolite police and solder, Bureaucraciess to rashly imprisonment for his home, but Japanese police was do not confine. Because he was special trust of Japanese Government General of Korea. More Joseon peoples was feel delightful.

Wartime regimes[edit]

In 1927 to 1939, he was appointed to member of Japanese Government-General of Koreas Privy Council and in 1936 advisor of Japanese Government-General of Koreas Privy Council.[8] seven years later, he was elected to vice-head up the organization. In 1940, he was Japanese Sōshi-kaimei(창씨개명;創氏改名) to Hochu Segeyo. In 1940 adviser of Japanese Government-General of Koreas Privy Council.

In October 22, 1941, adviser of Fight-patriotic of Joseon Group(조선임전보국단;朝鮮臨戰報國團). In January 1943 joint to Peoples mind alliance(국민정신총력연맹).[7] the Asia-Pacific Wars he was encourage and consolatory to Japanese military. Also 1942 and 1943 direct he was visit to consolatory call on the Japanese military troops stationed in Singapore. In 1943 he was appointed to Vice chairman of Japanese Government-General of Koreas Privy Council. In 3 April 1945, he was elected a congressman of House of Peers.[4]

Because until, his cooperate of Japanese imperial and Japanese Government General of Koreas, in 2008, he was comprised in the list of pro-Japanese collaborators released by the Institute for Research in Collaborationist Activities(민족문제연구소;民族問題硏究所).

Late years[edit]

get arrested Park Jung-yang (1949)

On August 15, 1945, Korea was liberated, the war ended and Park was exiled to Daegu. He was mockery to Korean independence activists. directly after the war, they always talks about theirs heroic exploits in the independence battle.

On January 1, 1949, he was get arrested to police of National traitor special punishment committee(반민족행위특별조사위원회;反民族行爲特別調査委員會), on authority National traitor law. But he was protest one's innocence at the court and implead to his pro-Japanese belief.

The Joseon dynastys was society of more darkness, Japanese ruled time was reformed of modern Korea. Civil servants purpose was social welfare. Japanese ruled time was "squeeze the peoples blood's", it's assert that also unaware of politics meaning, prejudice of causeless Japanese hates.[1]

In February 1949, he was sick bail of bronchial pneumonia and asthma. Later he was mockery to Syngman Rhee and Kim Gu, Lee See-yeong, Ham Tae-yeong. Park was assert to theirs patrioteer. In 1955, angry Syngman Rhee was try to Park's confined to a psychiatric hospital, but fail. He was hide was hill in Daegu. Park Jung-yang died on April 23, 1959.

Books[edit]

  • 《Park Jungyang's Diary》(박중양일기, 朴重陽日記)
  • 《Sulhoi》(술회, 述懷)
  • 《Sinnyonsogam》(신년소감, 新年所感)
  • 《Pokdosatyopyonchipjaryo》(폭도사편집자료, 暴徒史編輯資料) (1907)

Gallery[edit]

Stick Mr. Park[edit]

satirical cartoon of Park Jung-yang's Stick

His a pet name was Stick Mr. Park(박 작대기 or 박짝대기).[10] also because he was carry a long stick. That Stick's call to Enlightened Stick(개화장;開化杖).[10] he was randomly for imprison of Japanese or Korean peoples police. Whereupon more people was highly delighted.[10] Also he was merciless flogging or attack was rudeness Japanese Government-General of Korea(조선총독부, 朝鮮總督府) bureaucracy and Japanese bureaucracy, judge. Also he was anything disadvantage not receives. Because Japanese Government-General of Korea to more believe for him. His pet name Stick Mr. Park was buzzed-about more peoples for long time ago.

Always Park was without a hitch talk down Province Governor and chief of a district court, district judge.

Father[edit]

One version says he was an adopted son of Ito Hirobumi.[8]

His first son Park Mun-wung was successive to mayor of Cheongdo, Cheongsong, Sangju, Dalseong in North Gyeongsang Province in 1940s.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "일제가 현대 조선 개신" 해방후에도 망발…친일파 박중양 매일신문 2010. 01.25 (Korean)
  2. ^ Park Jung-yang (Korean)
  3. ^ 경상감영 정문 '영남포정사 ' 원래 모습 찾아냈다 Idaegumail news 2012.01.10
  4. ^ a b c d Park Jung-yang
  5. ^ Institute for Research in Collaborationist Activities, 《National issues Institute 9》(Seoul:Institute for Research in Collaborationist Activities, 1996) pp. 16
  6. ^ Park Jung-yang (Korean)
  7. ^ a b Park Jung-yang
  8. ^ a b c Park Jung-yang (Korean)
  9. ^ a b [역사속의 영남사람들 .11] 박중양 The Youngnamilbo 2004.03.09
  10. ^ a b c [문화칼럼] 大邱城(대구성)을 짓자 Idaegumail news 2012.09.07 (Korean)

References[edit]

  • Park Eungyung(1999), 일제하 조선인관료 연구, Seoul, Korea: Hakminsa.
  • 반민족문제연구소(1993), 친일파 99인 1, Seoul, Korea: Dolbegye. ISBN 8971990112.
  • Lim Jong-guk(1991), 실록 친일파, Seoul, Korea: Dolbegye. ISBN 9788971990360.
  • 민족경제연구소(1948), 친일파 군상, Seoul, Korea: 삼성출판사.

External links[edit]