Park Royal is an area in northwest London, UK. It is the largest industrial and business park in London, occupying about 500 hectares (1,200 acres), and is promoted commercially by the Park Royal Partnership (PRP). Park Royal occupies parts of the London Borough of Brent and the London Borough of Ealing.
Park Royal contains over 1,200 businesses, employing an estimated 35,000 workers. Approximately 500 food companies operate at Park Royal, employing more than 15,000 people. One third of all the food consumed in London is produced by businesses in Park Royal.
On the northern side is the Network Rail depot at Stonebridge Park, which also has London Underground Bakerloo Line tracks running through it (and Harlesden station nearby). On the eastern side, Park Royal is bounded by Acton Lane and Park Royal Road (B4492). The Central Middlesex Hospital is located here.
On the southern side is the arterial Western Avenue (A40), which leads to the Hanger Lane Gyratory System. Park Royal Underground station, on the Piccadilly Line, is located just off Western Avenue. To the west of Park Royal is the North Circular Road (A406).
As well as many small industrial firms, Park Royal is the location of some large company buildings, including McVities and Heinz. The old Guinness brewery and sports ground site at the south-western extremity of the district has now been totally demolished. The first building erected adjacent to the new roundabout and bridge link to Western Avenue is occupied by international drinks company Diageo, owners of the Guinness brand and the redevelopment site . The Female Health Company, which manufactures Femidoms, has one of its two manufacturing plants here, too.
The Grand Union Canal runs through the middle of the Park Royal industrial estate, with pedestrian access via the towpath.
The name Park Royal derives from the short-lived showgrounds opened in 1903 by the Royal Agricultural Society as a permanent exhibition site for the society's annual show. After only three years the society sold the site, and returned to a touring format for its shows. With its road, rail and canal links, Park Royal was subsequently developed for industrial use, mainly during the 1930s.
Queens Park Rangers F.C. played on two grounds in Park Royal. The first was the Horse Ring, later the site of the Guinness brewery, which had a capacity of 40,000. When the Royal Agricultural Society sold the grounds in 1907, QPR moved to the Park Royal Ground, 400 yards (370 m) south, an almost exact replica of Ayresome Park, with a capacity of 60,000. The club was forced to move out in February 1915 as the ground was taken over by the Army.
In recent years, Park Royal has been a site for illegal squat parties, due to the presence of disused industrial buildings and remoteness from domestic housing.
It is public policy to maintain Park Royal as an industrial area. It is designated as an Opportunity Area, and in 2008 the Mayor of London's office published a draft Planning Framework which aspires to maintain, "growing economic clusters of food/drink, transport/logistics and television/film." The framework does not preclude use of parts of the site for housing.
In summer 2011, the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham launched a 'Park Royal City' plan for Old Oak Common, based around the immediate eastern border of Park Royal, including light-rail lines to nearby areas.
London Buses serving Park Royal are:
Stations in the area are:
- Park Royal Station (Piccadilly Line)
- Hanger Lane Station (Central Line)
- Stonebridge Park Station (Bakerloo Line and London Overground)
In 2004, the multinational Diageo company agreed to build extra Central Line platforms at Park Royal tube station, as part of its First Central business park, built on the site of the (now demolished) Guinness brewery. As of early 2011 this had not yet happened.
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- Wallop, Harry (18 February 2012). "London's 'bread basket' wrestles to keep costs down as even foodies cut back". The Daily Telegraph.
- http://www.unitedbiscuits.com/80256C1A0047922E/vWeb/pcTSTT5DWHZ7 unitedbiscuits.com
- http://www.femalehealth.com/theproduct.html#made femalehealth.com
- "'Acton: Economic history'". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7: Acton, Chiswick, Ealing and Brentford, West Twyford, Willesden (1982), pp. 23-30. Victoria County History. Retrieved 8 October 2007.
- Inglis, Simon: Football Grounds of Britain, page 304. ISBN 0-00-218426-5
- 1948 Summer Olympics official report. p. 46.
- http://www.london.gov.uk/mayor/planning/park-royal.jsp london.gov.uk
- "Launch of 'Park Royal City'". London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- London Campaign for Better Transport North and West London light railway (NWLLR) / Brent Cross Railway (BCR) plan
- The Times Comment on NWLLR light-rail proposal
- West London Orbital
- FastBus scheme