Park Royal

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Coordinates: 51°31′45″N 0°16′17″W / 51.529088°N 0.271267°W / 51.529088; -0.271267

Park Royal
Park Royal is located in Greater London
Park Royal
Park Royal
 Park Royal shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ195828
London borough Brent
Ealing
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW10
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Brent South
London Assembly Brent and Harrow
Ealing and Hillingdon
List of places
UK
England
London

Park Royal is an area in northwest London, UK. It is home to the largest business park in London, occupying about 500 hectares (1,200 acres),.[1] Park Royal Business Park is promoted commercially by the Park Royal Partnership (PRP). Park Royal occupies parts of the London Borough of Brent and the London Borough of Ealing.

Park Royal business park contains over 1,200 businesses, employing an estimated 35,000 workers.[2] Approximately 500 food companies operate at Park Royal, employing more than 15,000 people.[3] One third of all the food consumed in London is produced by businesses in Park Royal.[3] Park Royal is also home to areas of residential housing and amenities serving them.

Map of Park Royal[edit]

Map of Park Royal (OpenStreetMap)

The Neighbourhood Centre (heart) of Park Royal[edit]

The Central Middlesex Hospital along with an Asda superstore are both located at Park Royal Central. Here there is also a Post Office and three banks: NatWest, Barclays and HSBC. This area is designated as the Neighbourhood Centre (or Heart) of Park Royal and there are plans to encourage more amenities and perhaps a small amount of housing: http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/park-royal-oapf-chaps10-12.pdf

Layout of the rest of Park Royal[edit]

On the northern side is the Network Rail depot at Stonebridge Park, which also has London Underground Bakerloo line tracks running through it (and Harlesden station nearby). On the eastern side, Park Royal is bounded by Acton Lane and Park Royal Road (B4492). The Central Middlesex Hospital is located here.

On the southern side is the arterial Western Avenue (A40), which leads to the Hanger Lane Gyratory System. Park Royal Underground station, on the Piccadilly line, is located just off Western Avenue. To the west of Park Royal is the North Circular Road (A406).

As well as many small industrial firms, Park Royal is the location of some large company buildings, including McVities[4] and Heinz. The old Guinness brewery and sports ground site at the south-western extremity of the district has now been totally demolished. The first building erected adjacent to the new roundabout and bridge link to Western Avenue is occupied by international drinks company Diageo, owners of the Guinness brand and the redevelopment site [1]. The Female Health Company, which manufactures Femidoms, has one of its two manufacturing plants here, too.[5]

The Grand Union Canal runs through the middle of the Park Royal industrial estate, with pedestrian access via the towpath.

History[edit]

The name Park Royal derives from the short-lived showgrounds opened in 1903 by the Royal Agricultural Society as a permanent exhibition site for the society's annual show. After only three years the society sold the site, and returned to a touring format for its shows. With its road, rail and canal links, Park Royal was subsequently developed for industrial use, mainly during the 1930s.

The Guinness Brewery Park Royal during demolition, at its peak the largest and most productive brewery in the world

For many years it was a centre of engineering, with firms including Park Royal Vehicles, GKN and Landis and Gyr.[6]

Queens Park Rangers F.C. played on two grounds in Park Royal. The first was the Horse Ring, later the site of the Guinness brewery, which had a capacity of 40,000. When the Royal Agricultural Society sold the grounds in 1907, QPR moved to the Park Royal Ground, 400 yards (370 m) south, an almost exact replica of Ayresome Park, with a capacity of 60,000. The club was forced to move out in February 1915 as the ground was taken over by the Army.[7]

The Guinness Sports Club hosted some of the field hockey events for the 1948 Summer Olympics.[8]

Economy[edit]

It is public policy to maintain Park Royal as predominantly a business area. It is designated as an Opportunity Area, and in 2008 the Mayor of London's office published a draft Planning Framework which aspires to maintain, "growing economic clusters of food/drink, transport/logistics and television/film."[9] The framework does not preclude use of parts of the site for housing.

In summer 2011, the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham launched a 'Park Royal City' plan for Old Oak Common, based around the immediate eastern border of Park Royal, including light-rail lines to nearby areas.[10]

Transport[edit]

Park Royal tube station

Road[edit]

Park Royal is served by the A40 and A406 roads, and is situated close to a major interchange called the Hanger Lane gyratory.

Cycle Network[edit]

There are currently proposals to build a Barclays Cycle Superhighway (route CS 10) from Hyde Park to Park Royal, for completion by 2015.[11][12]

London Cycle Network routes 40, 42, 84 and 85 all currently serve Park Royal.[13]

Tube[edit]

Stations in the area are:

Future[edit]

The Mayor's plans for park royal: http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/park-royal-oapf-chaps1-9.pdf http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/park-royal-oapf-chaps10-12.pdf

Three possible new transport services have been proposed for the area: the West London Orbital, Fastbus and the North and West London Light railway.[14][15][16][17]

In 2004, the multinational Diageo company agreed to build extra Central line platforms at Park Royal tube station, as part of its First Central business park, built on the site of the (now demolished) Guinness brewery. As of summer 2013 this had not yet happened.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Invest in the UK Park Royal". Invest in the UK. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "Chapter 13 - PARK ROYAL" (HTTP). Brent Council Unitary Development Plan. London Borough of Brent. Retrieved 19 August 2007. 
  3. ^ a b Wallop, Harry (18 February 2012). "London's 'bread basket' wrestles to keep costs down as even foodies cut back". The Daily Telegraph. 
  4. ^ http://www.unitedbiscuits.com/80256C1A0047922E/vWeb/pcTSTT5DWHZ7 unitedbiscuits.com
  5. ^ http://www.femalehealth.com/theproduct.html#made femalehealth.com
  6. ^ "'Acton: Economic history'". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7: Acton, Chiswick, Ealing and Brentford, West Twyford, Willesden (1982), pp. 23-30. Victoria County History. Retrieved 8 October 2007. 
  7. ^ Inglis, Simon: Football Grounds of Britain, page 304. ISBN 0-00-218426-5
  8. ^ 1948 Summer Olympics official report. p. 46.
  9. ^ http://www.london.gov.uk/mayor/planning/park-royal.jsp london.gov.uk
  10. ^ "Launch of 'Park Royal City'". London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Barclays Cycle Superhighways / Routes & maps". TfL Website. Transport for London. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Barclays Cycle Superhighways Indicative Routes Map". Transport for London Website. Transport for London. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Currently issued and used LCN Route Numbering and Destinations". LCN+ Maps Website. London Cycle Network. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  14. ^ London Campaign for Better Transport North and West London light railway (NWLLR) / Brent Cross Railway (BCR) plan
  15. ^ The Times Comment on NWLLR light-rail proposal
  16. ^ West London Orbital
  17. ^ FastBus scheme

External links[edit]