Park Wansuh

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Park.
Park Wan Suh
Born (1931-10-20)October 20, 1931
Died January 22, 2011(2011-01-22) (aged 79)
Occupation Novelist
Language Korean
Nationality South Korean
Ethnicity Korean
Period 1970–2011
Park Wansuh
Hangul 박완서
Hanja
Revised Romanization Bak Wan-seo
McCune–Reischauer Pak Wansŏ

Park Wan Suh (October 20, 1931 – January 22, 2011)[1] was a South Korean writer.[2]

Life[edit]

Park Wan Suh (also Park Wan-seo, Park Wan-so, Park Wansuh, Park Kee-pah and Pak Wan-so, Pak Wanso) was born in 1931 in Gaepung-gun, Gyeonggi-do in what is now North Korea.[3] Park entered Seoul National University, the most prestigious in Korea, but dropped out almost immediately after attending classes due to the outbreak of the Korean War and the death of her brother.[4] During the war, Park was separated from her mother and elder brother by the North Korea army, which moved them to North Korea.[5] She lived in the village of Achui, in Guri, outside Seoul until her death.[6] Park died on the morning of January 22, 2011, suffering from cancer.[7]

Work[edit]

Park published her first work, The Naked Tree, in 1970, when she was 40. Her oeuvre quickly grew however and as of 2007 she had written fifteen novels, and 10 short story collections.[8] Her work is "revered" in Korea[9] and she has won many Korean literary awards including, in 1981 the Yi Sang Literary Prize, in 1990 the Korean Literature award,[10] and in 1994 the Dong-in Literary Award. Park’s work centers on families and biting critiques of the middle class.[11] Perhaps the most vivid example of this is in her work The Dreaming Incubator in which a woman is forced to undergo a series of abortions until she can deliver a male child. Her best known works in Korea include Year of Famine in the City (도시의 흉년凶年), Swaying Afternoons, Warm Was the Winter That Year, and Are you Still Dreaming?.[12]

n terms of general thematic concern, Park’s fiction can be divided into three groups. The first deals with the tragic events of Korean War and its aftermath. Many of these stories reflect Park’s own experiences. Born October 20, 1931 in Gaepung, Gyeonggi-do, Park entered the Korean Literature Department of the prestigious Seoul National University, but the eruption of the Korean War and the death of her older brother cut her studies short. The turbulence of the age she lived through is preserved in such works as The Naked Tree, Warm Was the Winter That Year (Geuhae gyeoureun ttatteuthaennae, 1983), Mother’s Stake I (Eommaui malttuk I, 1980), and Mother’s Garden (Eommaui tteul, 1981), depictions of families torn apart by the war and the heavy price the war continues to exact from its survivors. The archetypal figure in these works is that of the suffering mother who must make her way through life after losing both her husband and her son during the war. The mother in The Naked Tree, for example, is presented as an empty shell, whose inability to cope with her double loss robs her of the will to live. The place left vacant by the mother within the family must be taken up by her daughter instead; the burden for supporting the family rests squarely on her young shoulders. A certain density that characterizes The Naked Tree’s prose intensifies the sense of suffocation that pervades the lives of post-war Koreans. While the daughter’s active attempts to overcome the ordeal of her life provides a positive contrast to her mother’s attitude of resignation, the work nonetheless reveals the severity of the damages, both psychical and material, sustained by the survivors of the war, and the difficulty of achieving genuine healing.[13]

Park’s works also target the hypocrisy and materialism of middle-class Koreans. The apartments of identical size, furnishings, and decorations that inscribe just as identical lives intent on gaining material gratification in Identical Apartments (Dalmeun bangdeul, 1974), a marriage of convenience that brings about atrocious results in A Reeling Afternoon (Huicheonggeorineun ohu, 1977), and schools where they prune, rather than educate, children in Children of Paradise (Naktoui aideul, 1978) all offer sharp denunciations of a bourgeois society. In these works, acts of individual avarice and snobbery are linked to larger social concerns such as the breakdown of age-old values and dissolution of the family. In turn, these phenomena are found to be symptomatic of the rapid industrialization of society in Korea after 1960s.[14]

In 1980s, Park turned increasingly toward problems afflicting women in patriarchal society while continuing to engage with the lives of middle-class Koreans. Such works as The Beginning of Days Lived (Sarainneun nareui sijak, 1980), The Woman Standing (Seo inneun yeoja, 1985) and The Dreaming Incubator (Kkum kkuneun inkyubaeiteo, 1993) belong to this group. Through the eyes of a woman who has been forced to abort a daughter in order to produce a son, The Dreaming Incubator, in particular, critiques the male-centered organization of Korean society which reduces women to incubators for the male progeny. Park has also sketched the life of a woman merchant at the turn of the century in the historical novel Remembrance (Mimang 미망 未忘, 1985–90).[15]

Park’s translated novels include Who Ate up All the Shinga which sold some 1.5 million copies in Korean [16] and was well-reviewed in English translation. Park is also published in The Red Room: Stories of Trauma in Contemporary Korea

Works in Translation[edit]

My Very Last Possession: And Other Stories
The Red Room: Stories of Trauma in Contemporary Korea
Sketch of the Fading Sun
Three Days in That Autumn
Weathered Blossom (Modern Korean Short Stories)
Who Ate Up All the Shinga?: An Autobiographical Novel

Works in Korean (partial)[edit]

  • 1979 Year of Famine in the City (도시의 흉년)
  • 1982 Mother’s Garden (엄마의 말뚝)
  • 1983 Warm Was the Winter That Year (그해 겨울은 따뜻했네)
  • 1985 Three Days in That Autumn (그 가을의 사흘동안)
  • 1992 Who Ate Up All the Shinga? (그 많던 싱아는 누가 다 먹었을까?)

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (German) "Südkoreanische Autorin Pak Wanso gestorben": (South Korean Pak Wanso author died), on news.orf.at 22-01-2011
  2. ^ "Park Wan Suh" Biographical PDF, LTI Korea, p. 3 available at LTI Korea Library or online at: http://eng.klti.or.kr/ke_04_03_011.do
  3. ^ "Writer, Park Wansuh. List: Books from Korea. KLTI
  4. ^ Korean Writers: The Novelists. Minmusa Publishing, 2005. (p 213)
  5. ^ "Writer, Park Wansuh. List: Books from Korea. KLTI
  6. ^ "Writer, Park Wansuh. List: Books from Korea. KLTI
  7. ^ http://www.ytn.co.kr/_comm/pop_mov.php?s_mcd=0103&s_hcd=&key=201101220959002865
  8. ^ Cherished Themes from Park Wan-seo's Literary Life. Korea Focus. Choi Jae-bong
  9. ^ Colonial Modernity in Korea By Gi-Wook Shin, Michael Edson Robinson p224
  10. ^ Korean Writers: The Novelists. Minmusa Publishing, 2005. (p 212)
  11. ^ Cherished Themes from Park Wan-seo's Literary Life. Korea Focus. Choi Jae-bong
  12. ^ http://park.org/Korea/Pavilions/PublicPavilions/KoreaImage/e-information/culture/pack.html
  13. ^ "Park Wan Suh" LTI Korea Datasheet available at LTI Korea Library or online at: http://klti.or.kr/ke_04_03_011.do#
  14. ^ "Park Wan Suh" LTI Korea Datasheet available at LTI Korea Library or online at: http://klti.or.kr/ke_04_03_011.do#
  15. ^ "Park Wan Suh" LTI Korea Datasheet available at LTI Korea Library or online at: http://klti.or.kr/ke_04_03_011.do#
  16. ^ "Writer, Park Wansuh. List: Books from Korea. KLTI
  17. ^ Jang, Sung-eun. "Beloved Korean Novelist Dies At 80," Wall Street Journal (US). January 26, 2011.

External links[edit]