Parkash Singh Badal

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For the Army officer of same first name, see Parkash Singh.
Parkash Singh Badal
ParkashSinghBadal.JPG
Parkash Singh Badal at Chandigarh Golf Club
8th Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
1970–1971
Preceded by Gurnam Singh
Succeeded by President's rule
In office
1977–1980
Preceded by President's rule
Succeeded by President's rule
In office
1997–2002
Preceded by Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
Succeeded by Amarinder Singh
Incumbent
Assumed office
March 1, 2007
Preceded by Amarinder Singh
Personal details
Born (1927-12-08) December 8, 1927 (age 86)
Abul Khurana, Punjab, British India
Nationality Indian
Political party Shiromani Akali Dal
Other political
affiliations
National Democratic Alliance
Spouse(s) Surinder Kaur (1959–2011)
Children Sukhbir Singh Badal
Preneet Kaur
Residence Chandigarh, India
Profession Politician
Religion Sikh

Parkash Singh Badal is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Punjab since 2007.[1] He previously served as Chief Minister from 1970 to 1971, from 1977 to 1980, and from 1997 to 2002. He is also the patron of Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), a Sikh-centered regional political party based in Punjab. He was the president of the party from 1995 to 2008, when he was replaced by his son Sukhbir Singh Badal.[2][3]

As the patron of SAD he exercises a strong influence on Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee[4] and Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee, and is generally regarded as the second most powerful Sikh leader worldwide, after India's former prime minister, Manmohan Singh.

Early life[edit]

Badal was born on December 8, 1927 in Abul Khurana, near Malout. He belongs to a Jat family of Dhillon clan.[5] His father's name is Raghuraj Singh and mother's name Sundri Kaur.[6] He graduated from the Forman Christian College in Lahore.[7]

Political career[edit]

He started his political career in 1947. He was Sarpanch of the village Badal and later Chairman of Block Samiti, Lambi before rising into Punjab politics. He was elected to Punjab Vidhan Sabha in 1957 for the first time.[8] He was re-elected in 1969 serving as Minister for Community Development, Panchayati Raj, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.[8] He was Leader of the Opposition in 1972, 1980 and 2002. He has been elected in Vidhan Sabha for total 10 times, 1957 and each election from 1969 till present except 1992. In 1992 he led a boycott of state elections in February 1992, by the Akalis.[9][10] He is also a former union minister in Morarji Desai government in 1977. He held the portfolio of Agriculture and Irrigation.

Chief Minister of Punjab[edit]

He has served as Punjab Chief Minister for four terms the first time in 1970 when he became the youngest Chief Minister of an Indian state. Presently he is serving his fifth term.

First term[edit]

Badal first became chief minister of Punjab in March 1970 and headed a coalition government of Akali Dal (Sant) and Jana Sangh. In June 1970 Jana Sangh withdrew support from the Badal government over their difference about place of Hindi in Punjab. Later in early July 7 of Akali Dal (Sant) deflected to rival Akali Dal headed by ex-CM Gurnam Singh. An early session of assembly was called on 24 July to prove the majority of Badal government. However the motion of no confidence were not admitted due to lack of requisite support of 1/5th number of MLAs. Congress decided to stay neutral and did not supported the no confidence motion.[11] Later in November 1970 Akali Dal faction led by Gurnam Singh merged with Akali Dal (Sant) and became part of Badal government. However, due to internal conflicts Gurnam Singh along with other 17 Akali MLA's deflected and formed a new faction. Subsequently Badal resigned as chief minister on 13 June and recommended to dissolution of assembly. On 15 June, President's Rule was imposed in Punjab.

2007–2012 term[edit]

In 2007 Punjab State Election Shiromani Akali Dal-Bharatiya Janata Party coalition government won 67 out of 117 seats and Parkash Singh Badal was sworn as the Chief Minister for the fourth time.[12] He held 10 portfolios which include the ministries for Home, Housing & Urban Development, Excise & Taxation, Power, Personnel, General Administration, Vigilance, Employment, Legal & Legislative Affairs and NRIs Affairs.[13] Badal launched many schemes such as free ambulance service,[14] Talwandi Sabo thermal plant, etc.[15] Through a new transportation policy, he reduced taxes on air conditioned buses, making it less expensive for companies to operate luxury buses. This also increased profits of a bus company owned by his son, Sukhbir Singh Badal soar to 1.7 million U.S $.[16]

2012–present[edit]

In the 2012 election, Shiromani Akali Dal Bharatiya Janata Party combine won 68 seats out of 117,[17] despite a tradition of anti-incumbency in Punjab.[18] Badal again became the chief minister of Punjab on 14 March 2012 after being sworn in by the Governor of Punjab, Shivraj Patil. He is also the oldest chief minister ever, and is the only person who is both the youngest and the oldest chief minister of his state.[19] In the present government he holds portfolio of Personnel, General Administration, Power, Cooperation, Science Technology and Environment, Vigilance and Employment Generation.[20]

FDI in India[edit]

Badal opposed FDI, and sided with political ally BJP.[21]

Participation in Akali Movement[edit]

He was first detained in the Karnal jail in connection with Civil Liberties Agitation later under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act during the Indian Emergency.[8] He was President of the Akali Dal from 1996 to 2008.[22]

Corruption Case[edit]

Parkash Singh Badal along with his wife Surinder Kaur, son Sukhbir Singh and seven others were booked under various provisions of the Prevention of Corruption Act in 2003. After a seven year long case all accused were acquitted by a local court in Mohali in 2010 due to the lack of incriminating evidence.[23] In 2007, 11 key witnesses retracting their statements before the Special Court set up in Ropar district.

Panth Rattan Award[edit]

On 11 December 2011, Badal was bestowed upon the title of Panth Rattan Fakhr-e-Qaum(literally Jewel of the religion, pride of the community) by the Akal Takht.[24] He was awarded this title at Golden Temple complex in the presence of Jathedars of all five Takhts in the form of a “siropa” (robe of honour), a sword and a silver plaque with inscription of the citation of Panth Rattan Fakhr-e-Qaum.[25] Badal was awarded this title for his service towards the Sikh Panth by creating many memorials pertaining to Sikhism such as Virasat-e-Khalsa, besides being imprisoned for long time and having faced atrocities during various Akali movements.

Many political and radical Sikh organizations such as Dal Khalsa, Khalra Mission Organization, Punjab Human Rights Organization, Khalsa Panchayat and Niarye Khalsa Organization. Former SGPC secretary general Manjit Singh Calcutta argued that this award is given posthumously.[26] In response, Akal Takht Jathedar Giani Gurbachan Singh cited the example of Master Tara Singh, who was given this award during his lifetime.[24] Dal Khalsa leader Kanwar Pal Singh termed it sycophancy, as Badal indirectly controls SGPC.[27]

Personal life[edit]

In 1959, he married Surinder Kaur. The couple had two children, Sukhbir Singh Badal and Parneet Kaur, who is married to Adesh Pratap Singh Kairon. Surinder Kaur died in 2011 after a long illness due to cancer.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://punjabgovt.nic.in/governor.html
  2. ^ Bains, Satinder (2008-01-31). "Sukhbir Badal becomes youngest president of Shiromani Akali Dal". Punjab Newsline. Retrieved 2010-12-10. 
  3. ^ Badal Jr. is Akali president
  4. ^ SAD-Sant Samaj combine sweeps SGPC elections
  5. ^ Mohan, Archis (2012-01-31). "Close race for Badal & rival". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 
  6. ^ Bakshi, S.R. Parkash Singh Badal:Chief Minister of Punjab. APH Publishing Corporation, 1998, p. 11.
  7. ^ Gopal, Navjeevan (Mar 15, 2012). "Literate, under middle, ninth passed all in new cabinet". Indian Express. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "The grand old man of Akali politics", CNN-IBN, 2007, Retrieved 2011-10-25. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/the-grand-old-man-of-akali-politics/34960-4.html
  9. ^ Punjab Polls 2012
  10. ^ Badal Bio
  11. ^ Arora, Subhash Chander (1990). Turmoil in Punjab Politics (1st ed.). New Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 131–140. ISBN 81-7099-251-6. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  12. ^ Punjab Assembly Election 2007 Results
  13. ^ Badal allocates portfolios
  14. ^ Badal launches free ambulance service
  15. ^ Talwandi Sabo thermal plant okayed
  16. ^ Mandhana, Niharika (12 May 2014). "In India, a Political Dynasty Prospers in Power". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  17. ^ Punjab elections results 2012
  18. ^ Punjab Polls 2012: Warhorse Badal beats anti-incumbency for the first time – Politics – Elections – ibnlive
  19. ^ "Parkash Singh Badal takes oath as Punjab chief minister – Times Of India". The Times Of India. 
  20. ^ Punjab Cabinet Ministers Portfolios 2012
  21. ^ "Badal contradicts son, opposes FDI". The Indian Express. Sep 27, 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Past Presidents", Shiromani Akali Dal, 2011, Retrieved 2011-10-25. http://www.shiromaniakalidal.org.in/2010/past-presidents-akali-dal/
  23. ^ Badal, family acquitted in corruption case
  24. ^ a b "Ignoring protests, Badal given top honour". The Tribune. 5 Dec 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "The CM is now Panth Rattan Fakhr-e-Qaum..". The Indian Express. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Grandiose title for Parkash Singh Badal sparks storm". THE TIMES OF INDIA. Nov 27, 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Sikh intellectuals seek criterion for Panth Rattan". THE TIMES OF INDIA. Dec 6, 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "Surinder Kaur Badal dead: Former Punjab CM Prakash Singh Badal's wife passes away", The Economic Times, 2011, Retrieved 2011-10-25. http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-05-24/news/29577679_1_cm-prakash-singh-badal-sukhbir-surinder-kaur-badal
Preceded by
Amarinder Singh
Chief Minister of Punjab
1 March 2007 – present
Succeeded by
incumbent