Parker, Arizona

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Parker
Town
Parker, Arizona
Parker's main street on April 9, 1942.
Parker's main street on April 9, 1942.
Location in La Paz County and the state of Arizona
Location in La Paz County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 34°8′41″N 114°17′23″W / 34.14472°N 114.28972°W / 34.14472; -114.28972Coordinates: 34°8′41″N 114°17′23″W / 34.14472°N 114.28972°W / 34.14472; -114.28972
Country United States
State Arizona
County La Paz
Government
 • Mayor Daniel Beaver
Area
 • Total 22.0 sq mi (57.0 km2)
 • Land 21.96 sq mi (56.9 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 423 ft (129 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 3,083
 • Estimate (2013)[2] 3,073
 • Density 142.7/sq mi (55.1/km2)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85344
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-53070
Website Town of Parker

Parker (Mojave 'Amat Kuhwely, formerly 'Ahwe Nyava) is a town in and the county seat of La Paz County, Arizona, United States,[3] on the Colorado River in Parker Valley. The population was 3,083 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Founded in 1908, the town was named after Ely Parker, the first Native American commissioner for the U.S. government. The original town site of Parker was surveyed and laid out in 1909 by a railroad location engineer by the name of Earl. H. Parker for the Arizona & California Railway.

Camp Colorado and Parkers Landing[edit]

However, the town's name and origin began when a post office called Parker was established January 6, 1871, at Parker's Landing and the site of the Parker Indian Agency, named for Ely Parker, on the Colorado River Indian Reservation, 4 miles down river from the site of the railroad bridge of the modern town, to serve the Indian agency.[4][5][6]:118 What became Parkers Landing was established on the river as the place to land and pick up cargo and personnel for the Indian Agency and the U. S. Army detachment that was stationed there at Camp Colorado from 1864 to 1869 during the first years of the Reservation. Camp Colorado was abandoned after wind blown sparks from the departing steamboat Cocopah rapidly burned down the brush huts of the officers of the garrison, and endangered its barracks and storehouses. [7] :66, n.61[8]

Geography[edit]

Parker is located at 34°8′41″N 114°17′23″W / 34.14472°N 114.28972°W / 34.14472; -114.28972 (34.144644, -114.289686).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.0 square miles (57 km2), of which, 22.0 square miles (57 km2) of it is land and 0.05% is water.

According to Census Bureau maps, the town is divided into two non-contiguous sections; the northern section consists of the original town and is located in the Colorado River Indian reservation and the southern section consists of a larger, roughly rectangular section of largely undeveloped territory.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Parker, Arizona (1971-2000; extremes since 1893)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
96
(36)
102
(39)
113
(45)
117
(47)
126
(52)
127
(53)
126
(52)
120
(49)
110
(43)
100
(38)
92
(33)
127
(53)
Average high °F (°C) 67.4
(19.7)
72.8
(22.7)
78.8
(26)
87.1
(30.6)
95.3
(35.2)
104.6
(40.3)
108.4
(42.4)
106.7
(41.5)
101.2
(38.4)
90.0
(32.2)
76.0
(24.4)
67.3
(19.6)
87.97
(31.08)
Average low °F (°C) 40.7
(4.8)
44.6
(7)
48.7
(9.3)
54.2
(12.3)
62.7
(17.1)
70.7
(21.5)
77.9
(25.5)
77.8
(25.4)
71.2
(21.8)
59.2
(15.1)
47.2
(8.4)
40.5
(4.7)
57.95
(14.41)
Record low °F (°C) 10
(−12)
11
(−12)
21
(−6)
23
(−5)
37
(3)
42
(6)
55
(13)
53
(12)
38
(3)
27
(−3)
18
(−8)
9
(−13)
9
(−13)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 0.87
(22.1)
0.70
(17.8)
0.65
(16.5)
0.17
(4.3)
0.09
(2.3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.27
(6.9)
0.61
(15.5)
0.57
(14.5)
0.32
(8.1)
0.33
(8.4)
0.57
(14.5)
5.17
(131.4)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 3.5 3.0 3.0 1.2 0.7 0.3 1.2 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.6 2.2 22
Source: NOAA[10]

Parker has an arid climate classification, which is characterized by extremely hot summers and warm winters.

Wintertime highs in Parker are generally in the upper 60s to lower 70s. Lows during the winter are between 40 to 50 °F (4.4 to 10.0 °C) with an occasional morning dipping below 32 °F (0 °C). The all-time lowest recorded temperature in Parker occurred on December 31, 1911, when temperatures bottomed out at 9 °F (−12.8 °C); however, snow has been recorded only once when 3.0 inches (0.08 m) fell on one day in December 1932,[11] and no maximum below 32 °F (0 °C) has ever been observed.[12]

Summers in Parker can be dangerously hot, with highs in June, July, August, and September remaining in the 100 to 110 °F (37.8 to 43.3 °C) range, days over 115 °F (46.1 °C) or even 120 °F (48.9 °C) are not rare.

April and May both average 90 to 100 °F (32.2 to 37.8 °C) daytime highs. Even the month of October has an average high of 90.0 °F (32.2 °C). The all time highest recorded temperature in Parker was 127 °F (52.8 °C), which occurred on July 7, 1905. This was, at the time, the all time record high in Arizona history until Lake Havasu City reached 128 °F (53.3 °C) on June 29, 1994.

Rainfall is uniformly scanty throughout the year in Parker, with no month averaging more than three days with measurable rainfall. The monsoon storms that provide much of the rain in southern and eastern parts of Arizona seldom effect Parker. The wettest month since records began in 1893 was September 1939, when a rare decaying hurricane produced a total of 8.85 inches (224.8 mm) including a record daily total of 3.41 inches (86.6 mm) on the fifth day of that month. The wettest calendar year has been 1992 with 13.59 inches (345.2 mm) – though from July 1992 to June 1993 the figure was slightly higher still at 13.74 inches (349.0 mm) – and the driest 1956 with 0.34 inches (8.6 mm).[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 420
1930 1,315
1950 1,201
1960 1,642 36.7%
1970 1,948 18.6%
1980 2,542 30.5%
1990 2,897 14.0%
2000 3,140 8.4%
2010 3,083 −1.8%
Est. 2013 3,073 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census[14] in 2000, there were 3,140 people, 1,064 households, and 791 families residing in the town. The population density was 142.8 people per square mile (55.2/km²). There were 1,157 housing units at an average density of 52.6 per square mile (20.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 62.04% White, 1.88% Black or African American, 23.09% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 7.45% from other races, and 4.52% from two or more races. 29.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,064 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the town the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,625, and the median income for a family was $37,663. Males had a median income of $26,542 versus $21,006 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,016. About 10.6% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Avi Suquilla Airport (FAA LID: P20) is a public use airport located one nautical mile (1.8 km) east of the central business district of Parker. It is owned by the Colorado River Indian Tribes. The Arizona & California Railroad is headquartered in Parker, after replacing the Santa Fe Railway in 1991. The railroad line crosses the Colorado River in a 5 span truss bridge in the town's northern limits.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Parker
  5. ^ Will C. Barnes, Arizona Place Names, University of Arizona Bulletin, Vol. VI, No.1, University of Arizona, Tucson, 1935, p.319
  6. ^ John and Lillian Theobald, Arizona Territory Post Offices & Postmasters, The Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1961.
  7. ^ Richard E. Lingenfelter, Steamboats on the Colorado River, 1852-1916, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1978
  8. ^ Daily Alta California, Volume 22, Number 7248, 24 January 1870, p.1, col. 5, Arizona; Terrific Conflagration at Camp Colorado
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Climatography of the United States No. 20 – 1971-2000: Parker, AZ (COOP ID 026250)
  11. ^ a b PARKER, ARIZONA Period of Record General Climate Summary – Precipitation
  12. ^ PARKER, ARIZONA Period of Record General Climate Summary – Temperature
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]