Parker, Pennsylvania

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Parker, Pennsylvania
The Old Lawrenceburg section of Parker
The Old Lawrenceburg section of Parker
Nickname(s): Smallest City in the U.S.A.
Location in Armstrong County
Location in Armstrong County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 41°5′39″N 79°40′58″W / 41.09417°N 79.68278°W / 41.09417; -79.68278Coordinates: 41°5′39″N 79°40′58″W / 41.09417°N 79.68278°W / 41.09417; -79.68278
Country United States
Commonwealth Pennsylvania
County Armstrong County
Settled 1797
Incorporated 1873
Government
 • Mayor William R. McCall. Jr.
Population (U.S. Census Estimate, 2010)
 • Total 840
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Parker is a city located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located in the extreme northwestern portion of the county. The population was 840 at the 2010 census. The city was named for Judge John Parker, a lead surveyor of Lawrenceburg and founder/owner of Parker's Landing, the two villages which were combined to create Parker.

Parker is sometimes referred to as the "Smallest City in the U.S.A.". Parker was incorporated as a city on March 1, 1873 by special state legislation in the midst of the northwestern Pennsylvania oil boom. The new municipality was called "Parker" and was made up of the earlier villages of Parker's Landing (on the Allegheny River) and Lawrenceburg (on the bluff above the river). Residents assumed that Parker would quickly become a major population center, and, at the height of the oil boom, the population of Parker grew to over 20,000. The boom quickly went bust, however, and by the 1880s the "city" returned to its historic, small village size, and a population of approximately 1,000.

Parker received national attention again in 2014 when a massive ice jam along the Allegheny River formed and started some minor flooding. The jam was so massive that it attracted tourists to the area, and even a local bar named a drink after the ice jam. The ice jam was severe enough that the National Weather Service issued a flood warning for the area in case the ice started melting.[1][2]

Transportation[edit]

There are two highways that pass through Parker. From the east, PA 268 goes right through downtown, then proceeds north towards Foxburg, and Emlenton. There is also an intersection with PA 368 at the Parker Bridge.

The Allegheny River, at this point is not used to transport goods and materials, but is still a navigable waterway for boating. The first lock (Allegheny River Lock and Dam No. 9) is located south of Parker, just past the borough of East Brady.

Geography[edit]

Parker is located at 41°5′39″N 79°40′58″W / 41.09417°N 79.68278°W / 41.09417; -79.68278 (41.094151, −79.682771).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,835
1890 1,317 −28.2%
1900 1,070 −18.8%
1910 1,244 16.3%
1920 1,188 −4.5%
1930 902 −24.1%
1940 976 8.2%
1950 979 0.3%
1960 945 −3.5%
1970 843 −10.8%
1980 808 −4.2%
1990 853 5.6%
2000 799 −6.3%
2010 840 5.1%
Est. 2012 838 −0.2%
Sources:[4][5][6]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 799 people, 309 households, and 221 families residing in the city. The population density was 728.6 people per square mile (280.5/km²). There were 356 housing units at an average density of 324.6 per square mile (125.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.12% White and 1.88% African American.

There were 309 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,844, and the median income for a family was $35,250. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $21,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,627. About 10.2% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

External links[edit]