Parkersburg, West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Parkersburg)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Parkersburg" redirects here. For other uses, see Parkersburg (disambiguation).
City of Parkersburg
City
Downtown Parkersburg as viewed from Fort Boreman Historical Park in 2006
Downtown Parkersburg as viewed from Fort Boreman Historical Park in 2006
Official seal of City of Parkersburg
Seal
Nickname(s): The Burg, P-Burg, The Savings Bond Capital of America, The World of the Burg, Burgland, Marble Capital of the World
Motto: Where West Virginia Began
Location in Wood County in the State of West Virginia
Location in Wood County in the State of West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°15′58″N 81°32′32″W / 39.26611°N 81.54222°W / 39.26611; -81.54222Coordinates: 39°15′58″N 81°32′32″W / 39.26611°N 81.54222°W / 39.26611; -81.54222
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Wood
Incorporated 1810
Government
 • Mayor Robert Newell
Area[1]
 • City 12.35 sq mi (31.99 km2)
 • Land 11.82 sq mi (30.61 km2)
 • Water 0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)  4.29%
Elevation 614 ft (187 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 31,492
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 31,186
 • Density 2,664.3/sq mi (1,028.7/km2)
 • Metro 92,470 (US: 364th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 26101, 26102, 26103, 26104, 26105, 26106
Area code(s) 304, 681
FIPS code 54-62140
GNIS feature ID 1544587[4]
Website http://www.parkersburg-wv.com/

Parkersburg, located at the confluence of the Ohio and Little Kanawha rivers, is the third-largest city in the State of West Virginia. It is the county seat of Wood County[5] and the largest city in the Parkersburg–MariettaVienna Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 31,492 at the 2010 census. Its peak of population was more than 44,000 in 1960. The city is about 14 miles south of Marietta, Ohio.

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Parkersburg in 1857, but lacked a crossing over the Ohio River until after the American Civil War. When the B&O completed the Parkersburg Bridge (CSX) 1868-1870 to Belpre, it was the longest railroad bridge in the world.

The Bureau of the Public Debt, an agency of the U.S. Treasury Department, was relocated from the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area in the late 20th century and headquartered in Parkersburg. In October 2012, it was merged with the Financial Management Service to form the Bureau of the Fiscal Service.

History[edit]

European-American settlers originally named the city Newport when they platted it in the late 18th century following the American Revolutionary War. This was part of a westward settlement by many coming out of Virginia. A town section was laid out on land granted to Alexander Parker for his Revolutionary War service. Virginia, which then controlled the territory, was using grants of land (which it had in abundance) in lieu of payments of cash (which was short) to veterans for their war service. The title conflicts between Parker and the city planners of Newport were settled in 1809 in favor of his heirs. The town was renamed Parkersburg in 1810. It was chartered by the Virginia General Assembly in 1820. It was rechartered as a city in 1860.

The town was the terminus of the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike and the Northwestern Turnpike. In 1857 the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad built a branch line south to the town from Wheeling, West Virginia. Travelers wanting to connect with the Ohio Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad, one of the east-west lines along the Ohio River, had to take a steamboat 14 miles north to Marietta, Ohio.

Jacob Linville designed the railroad bridge planned by the B&O. It was constructed in 1868–1870 between Parkersburg and Belpre, Ohio, as part of the B&O's main line from Baltimore to St. Louis, Missouri.[6] This drew traffic and trade from Marietta. Today the structure is known as the Parkersburg Bridge (CSX).

Parkersburg served as a transportation and medical center for Union forces during the American Civil War. It developed further as a transportation hub in the gas and oil boom following that war.

Blennerhassett Island is a historical site located in Parkersburg.

Geography[edit]

Parkersburg is located at 39°15'58" North, 81°32'32" West (39.266175, −81.542139).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.35 square miles (31.99 km2), of which, 11.82 square miles (30.61 km2) is land and 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2) is water.[1]

The city is situated at the confluence of the Little Kanawha and Ohio rivers. The Little Kanawha River divides the north and south sides of the city. Worthington Creek, a tributary of the Little Kanawha River, flows through the eastern part of the city.[8]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Parkersburg has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Parkersburg, West Virginia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
74
(23)
86
(30)
91
(33)
94
(34)
97
(36)
101
(38)
99
(37)
102
(39)
90
(32)
80
(27)
77
(25)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 40.4
(4.7)
44.3
(6.8)
54.1
(12.3)
66.5
(19.2)
75.3
(24.1)
83.7
(28.7)
86.9
(30.5)
86.2
(30.1)
79.4
(26.3)
67.4
(19.7)
55.8
(13.2)
44.0
(6.7)
65.4
(18.6)
Average low °F (°C) 23.8
(−4.6)
25.3
(−3.7)
32.2
(0.1)
41.8
(5.4)
51.6
(10.9)
61.0
(16.1)
65.5
(18.6)
63.8
(17.7)
56.1
(13.4)
44.0
(6.7)
35.7
(2.1)
27.6
(−2.4)
44.1
(6.7)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−10
(−23)
1
(−17)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
36
(2)
49
(9)
42
(6)
35
(2)
21
(−6)
8
(−13)
−2
(−19)
−14
(−26)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.1
(79)
2.7
(69)
3.8
(97)
3.4
(86)
4.5
(114)
4.2
(107)
4.9
(124)
3.5
(89)
3.1
(79)
2.8
(71)
3.1
(79)
3.1
(79)
42.1
(1,069)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5.3
(13.5)
3.1
(7.9)
0.5
(1.3)
0.8
(2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
1.4
(3.6)
11.3
(28.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.0 10.3 12.2 12.3 13.0 10.8 11.0 9.3 9.0 9.2 11.1 12.3 132.5
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.0 1.7 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.5 7.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 115.5 131.0 182.3 208.1 248.0 257.3 255.0 245.2 212.5 193.9 117.1 93.4 2,259.3
Source #1: Weatherbase [10]
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,218
1860 2,493 104.7%
1870 5,546 122.5%
1880 6,582 18.7%
1890 8,408 27.7%
1900 11,703 39.2%
1910 17,842 52.5%
1920 20,050 12.4%
1930 29,623 47.7%
1940 30,103 1.6%
1950 29,684 −1.4%
1960 44,797 50.9%
1970 44,208 −1.3%
1980 39,946 −9.6%
1990 33,862 −15.2%
2000 33,099 −2.3%
2010 31,492 −4.9%
Est. 2013 31,186 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2013 Estimate[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 31,492 people, 13,807 households, and 8,086 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,664.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,028.7 /km2). There were 15,562 housing units at an average density of 1,316.6 per square mile (508.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 2.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 13,807 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 41.2 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 33,099 people, 14,467 households, and 8,767 families residing in the city. In 2012 the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Parkersburg's population had decreased 0.5% to 31,261.[14] The population density was 2,800.5 people per square mile (1,081.2/km2). There were 16,100 housing units at an average density of 1,362.2 per square mile (525.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.36% White, 1.75% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.

An aerial view of downtown Parkersburg in 2005.

There were 14,467 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% have someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,120, and the median income for a family was $29,731. Males had a median income of $28,320 versus $18,203 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,820. About 23.3% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under the age of 18 and 12.5% of those 65 and older.

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

The Parkersburg Municipal Building
The Parkersburg floodwall

The Annual Mid-Ohio Valley Multi-Cultural Festival is held in June, and is an international festival featuring traditional dance and music and an international marketplace.[15][16] The Parkersburg Homecoming Festival is held in August and features a parade, fireworks, half-marathon, competitions and entertainment.[17][18]

Tourism[edit]

Several museums are located in Parkersburg, including The Blennerhassett Museum of Regional History,[19] the Henry Cooper House, the Oil and Gas Museum,[20] the Sumnerite African-American History Museum, The Artcraft Studio and the Veterans Museum of Mid-Ohio Valley.[21]

Sports[edit]

The Wood County Ravens, a semi-professional football team, is based in the city. The Ravens are a part of the Mountain State Football League.[22][23]

Parkersburg was home to the Ohio Valley Redcoats, a minor league baseball team, until 1998. The city is in negotiations to bring professional baseball back to Parkersburg.[24]

In 2008, the city and its three high schools placed second in ESPN's TitleTown USA competition.[25]

"We don't have a lot of people, nor any professional sports teams, but here is a stat for you. AAA is the highest level that a high school can compete at in W.Va. Both schools mentioned hereafter are AAA schools. In Parkersburg, we have accumulated 192 overall state championships in 103 years with 183 if those coming since 1950. Parkersburg High School alone has 137 championships in its 103 years of existence. There is also another AAA school in Parkersburg called Parkersburg South High School, who, by the way, has 38 titles in 40 years. Not to be outdone Parkersburg Catholic, a single A school, has 17 state titles of its own. Not bad considering that there are 136 high school teams in West Virginia with 38 in AAA. We may not have a pro sports team, but in high school sports, Parkersburg as a whole is pretty dominant"[26] as written in an article on espn.com.

Parks and recreation[edit]

There are several parks in the area, including Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park,[27] Bicentennial Park, Corning Park, Point Park, Southwood Park, Quincy Park, City Park, Johnson T. Janes Park, Friendship Park, Fort Boreman Historical Park, Mountwood Park and Fries Park.

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

High schools[edit]

Parkersburg is the home of the Parkersburg South High School Patriots, Parkersburg High School Big Reds, and the Parkersburg Catholic High School Crusaders.

Middle schools[edit]

Middle schools include Van Devender, Edison, and Hamilton.

Jackson Middle School is located in Vienna although it has a Parkersburg mailing address. Blennerhassett Junior High School is adopting the "middle school" designation.

Media[edit]

The Parkersburg News and Parkersburg Sentinel were the city's two major daily newspapers until 2009 when they combined to form one daily edition, The Parkersburg News and Sentinel. The same company also publishes the Marietta A.M. and Graffiti, West Virginia's alternative news magazine.

There are many radio stations broadcasting from Parkersburg, including 106.1 Z106 (WRZZ),102.1 The River (WRVB), U.S. 107 WNUS, MIX 100 (WDMX), V96.9 (WVVV), WXIL, Froggy 99.1, and 103.1 The Bear.

WTAP, the local NBC affiliate, is the main local television station.[28]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Neighborhoods[edit]

North Parkersburg (North End)[edit]

The Chancellor House in the Julia-Ann Square Historic District.

Beechwood, Downtown, Fairview Heights, Granada Hills, Julia-Ann Square, Meadowcrest, Oakwood Estates, Quincy Hill, Riverside, Woodland Park, North End, Worthington, East End

South Parkersburg (South Side)[edit]

The southern part of the City of Parkersburg, South Parkersburg was a separate city until it became part of Parkersburg in 1950. Suburban parts of southern Wood County include Blennerhassett, Lubeck, and Washington to the southwest, with Mineral Wells located to the southeast.

Film and television[edit]

  • The Steven Soderbergh film Bubble, released in 2006, was filmed in Parkersburg and neighboring Belpre, Ohio, using an all-local cast.
  • Parkersburg was mentioned in the novel Night of the Hunter (1953) and the 1955 film by the same name adapted from it. In Davis Grubb's 1953 novel, Parkersburg was the town where the preacher Harry Powell was caught for car theft and sent to prison. It was worldly town that Rachel Cooper (Lillian Gish in the film) avoided because she'd been short-changed; and finally it was the home of the state troopers who came to arrest Powell for murder. Powell called Parkersburg, "One of them Sodoms on the Ohio River," referring to its reputation as a rough river town in the 19th and early 20th century.
  • Parkersburg was the set for the 1962 television series It's a Man's World.[33]
  • The city was featured in a 1989 episode of Rescue 911.
  • Other films shot in the city are Salvage and The Barbecue.[33]
  • Parkersburg was featured in a 2013 episode of the NBC post-apocalyptic science fiction television drama series Revolution [34]

Awards[edit]

  • CNNMoney.com named the city the #7 Best Shrinking Place to Live [35]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Parkersburg Bridge, Ohio River, Parkersburg, Wood County, WV, Historic American Engineering Record, accessed 22 August 2012
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 22. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Parkersburg, West Virginia
  10. ^ "Parkersburg Weather Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Parkersburg/WSO WV 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  14. ^ 2012 Census Estimate
  15. ^ "Mid-Ohio Valley Multi-Cultural Festival". Mid-Ohio Valley Multi-Cultural Festivalmerce. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  16. ^ "annual mid-ohio valley multi-cultural festival". West Virginia Department of Commerce. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  17. ^ "parkersburg homecoming festival". West Virginia Department of Commerce. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Parkersburg Homecoming Festiva". Parkersburg Homecoming Festival. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  19. ^ "The Blennerhassett Museum of Regional History". The Blennerhassett Museum of Regional History. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Oil and Gas Museum". Oil and Gas Museumy. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  21. ^ "The Parkersburg Nostalgic Gazette". Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park accessdate= June 7, 2014. 
  22. ^ http://www.wtap.com/sports/headlines/Semi-Pro_Football_122785769.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=facebook
  23. ^ https://www.facebook.com/WoodCountyRavens
  24. ^ http://www.newsandsentinel.com/page/content.detail/id/507520.html
  25. ^ http://www.newsandsentinel.com/page/content.detail/id/507650.html?nav=5061
  26. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/titletown/news/story?id=3453896
  27. ^ "Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park". Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park accessdate= June 7, 2014. 
  28. ^ http://www.wtap.com
  29. ^ "Walt Barnes". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Parkersburg, West Virginia". City-Data.com. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  31. ^ Dawson, Jim and Propes, Steve Propes (2003). 45 Rpm: The History, Heroes and Villains of a Pop Music Revolution. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 170. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  32. ^ Onofrio, Jan (1999). West Virginia Biographical Dictionary. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 72. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  33. ^ a b http://www.imdb.com/List?endings=on&&locations=Parkersburg,%20West%20Virginia,%20USA
  34. ^ http://www.televisionwithoutpity.com/show/revolution/the-love-boat.php
  35. ^ http://www.newsandsentinel.com/page/content.detail/id/547304/CNN-website-offers-praise-for-Parkersburg.html?nav=5061
  36. ^ "WV town helps sister city in tornado recovery". June 1, 2008. 

External links[edit]