Parliament of Andalusia
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2009)|
|Parlamento de Andalucía
Parliament of Andalusia
|Type||List of Spanish regional legislatures|
|President||Manuel Gracia, PSOE
|Last election||March 25, 2012|
|Hospital de las Cinco Llagas, Seville|
The Andalusian Parliament is the legislature of the Spanish Autonomous Community of Andalusia instituted by the Andalusian Charter of Autonomy of 1981. It is elected by the residents in Andalusia every four years. The Andalusian Parliament is, with the Basque, Catalonian and the Galician parliaments, one of the four regional legislatures in Spain that can call for elections independent of the regional and municipal elections, upon decision to dissolve the house by the Regional President.
Functions of the Andalusian Parliament 
- To elect the President of Andalusia.
- To pass the Andalusian regional legislation in the business of its competence.
- To pass the Budget of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia
- To control the action of the Andalusian Regional Government Administration and the autonomous agencies, public companies and all other bodies answerable to it. Such as
- The Local Authorities in the Andalusian territory, as well as the autonomous agencies and public companies answerable to them.
- Andalusian Public Universities.
- Andalusian Chambers of Commerce and other institutions mostly financed by public funds.
The Andalusian Parliament consists of 109 Members of the Andalusian Parliament, elected for four year terms in proportional party lists using the D'Hondt method in eight constituencies, being each one of the Andalusian provinces. If more than five MPs are elected for any party they will form a Parliamentary Group.
After the 2012 elections, an agreement between the Socialist Party and United Left-The Greens, spanning 59 of the 109 seats, supports a government led by José Antonio Griñán. The right-wing formation People's Party won the election but was unable to form a government, since they only got 50 seats, five short of the absolute majority.
Parties in the Parliament of Andalusia
|Government||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia||José Antonio Griñán (President of Andalusia)||Francisco Álvarez de la Chica||47|
|United Left-The Greens-Call for Andalusia||Diego Valderas (Vice-President of Andalusia)||José A. Castro Román||12|
|Opposition||People's Party||Juan Ignacio Zoido||Carlos Rojas||50|
Its building is the former Hospital of the Cinco Llagas ("Five Wounds"). Built in 1546 by order of Don Fadrique Enríquez de Ribera. It was designed by Martín de Gainza. The building was used as a hospital until 1972. In 1986 the plans for turning the building into the headquarters of Andalusia's parliament were drawn up, and the building was inaugurated as the seat of the Andalusian Parliament on 28 February 1992, the (Día de Andalucía).
See also 
- (Spanish) Andalusian Parliament Website