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Coat of arms or logo
Seats 100
Latvia Saeima composition.svg
Political groups

Government (63)

Opposition (37)

Open list proportional representation with a 5% election threshold
Last election
17 September 2011
Next election
4 October 2014
Meeting place
Saeimas sēžu zāle.jpg
House of the Livonian noble corporation, Riga
Deputies are elected from five constituencies, based on the cultural regions of Latvia.
Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
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The Saeima (Latvian pronunciation: [sæimaː]) is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 100 members who are elected by proportional representation, with seats allocated to political parties which gain at least 5% of the popular vote. Elections are scheduled to be held once every four years, normally on the first Saturday of October. The most recent elections were held in October 2014.

The President of Latvia can dismiss the Saeima and request early elections. The procedure for dismissing it involves substantial political risk to the president, including a risk of loss of office. On May 28, 2011, president Valdis Zatlers decided to initiate the dissolution of the current Saeima, which was to be decided in a referendum. The Saeima was dissolved on 23 July 2011.[1]

The current Speaker of the Saeima is Solvita Āboltiņa.

The word "Saeima" meaning "a gathering, a meeting, a council" was constructed by the Young Latvian Juris Alunāns. It stems from the archaic Latvian word eima meaning "to go" (derived from the PIE *ei "to go" and also a cognate with the Ancient Greek eimi, Gaulish eimu among others) [2]

Deputies are elected to represent one of five constituencies: Kurzeme (13 deputies), Latgale (15), Riga (30), Vidzeme (27), and Zemgale (15). Seats are distributed in each constituency by open list proportional representation among the parties that overcome a 5% national election threshold.


e • d Summary of the 17 September 2011 Latvian Saeima election results
Party Votes % Swing Seats ±
Harmony Centre 259,930 28.36% +1.75% 31 +2
Zatlers' Reform Party 190,853 20.82% New 22 New
Unity 172,567 18.83% −13.07% 20 −13
National Alliance 127,208 13.88% +6.05% 14 +6
Union of Greens and Farmers 111,955 12.22% –7.90% 13 –9
Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way 22,131 2.41% –5.40% 0 –8
For Human Rights in United Latvia 7,109 0.78% –0.69% 0 ±0
Last Party (Pēdējā partija) 4,471 0.49% –0.41% 0 ±0
For a Presidential Republic (Par prezidentālu republiku) 2,881 0.31% –0.44% 0 ±0
People's Control (Tautas kontrole) 2,573 0.28% –0.14% 0 ±0
Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party 2,531 0.28% –0.37% 0 ±0
Freedom. Free from Fear, Hate and Anger (Brīvība. Brīvs no bailēm, naida un dusmām) 2,011 0.22% New 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 1,994 0.22% –0.15% 0 ±0
Invalid 1,211
Total 917,680 100% 100
Turnout: 59.49%
Source: Central Election Commission of Latvia

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Zatlers nolemj rosināt Saeimas atlaišanu" [Zatlers decides to initiate thedissolution of the Saeima]. Delfi (in Latvian). May 28, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011. 
  2. ^ Zuicena, Ieva; Migla, Ilga (2008). "Jura Alunāna devums latviešu leksikogrāfijā" (PDF). LU Raksti (in Latvian) 731: 75. ISSN 1407-2157. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°57′04″N 24°06′18″E / 56.95111°N 24.10500°E / 56.95111; 24.10500