Parliament of Uganda
|Parliament of Uganda|
since 19 May 2011
|18 February 2011|
|Parliament Avenue, Kampala|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The unicameral Parliament of Uganda is the country's legislative body.
The most significant of the institution's functions, is to pass laws which will provide good governance in the country. The government ministers are bound to answer to the people's representatives on the floor of the house.Through the various parliamentary committees, parliament scrutinises government programmes, particularly as outlined in the State of the Nation Address by the President. The fiscal issues of the government, such as, taxation and loans need the sanction of the parliament, after appropriate debate.
The Ugandan Parliament comprises 215 Constituency Representatives, 79 District Woman Representatives, 10 Uganda People's Defence Forces Representatives, 5 Representatives of the Youth, 5 Representatives of Persons with Disabilities, 5 Representatives of Workers, and 13 ex officio Members. After the 2005 Referendum, the composition of parliament has changed.
The Ugandan Parliament was established in 1962, soon after the country's independence.
- First Parliament (1962–1963)
- Second Parliament (1963–1971)
During this period, Milton Obote, the then Prime Minister, abrogated the constitution and declared himself President of the country, in 1966. This parliament also witnessed the abolition of Uganda's traditional kingdoms and the declaration of Uganda as a Republic. The Speaker during the 2nd Parliament was Narendra M. Patel, a Ugandan of Indian descent. This Parliament ended when Idi Amin, overthrew Milton Obote's government in January 1971.
- Third Parliament (1979–1980)
Following the overthrow of Idi Amin in April 1979, a new legislative body known as the Uganda Legislative Council, was established. With initial membership of 30, the members were later increased to 120. This was the 3rd Parliament and was chaired by Professor Edward Rugumayo. This legislative body continued to function until the general elections of December 1980.
- Fourth Parliament (1980–1985)
This period marked the return to power of Milton Obote and the Uganda People's Congress (UPC), following the disputed national elections of 1980. The Speaker of the 4th parliament was Francis Butagira, a Harvard-trained lawyer. the 4th Parliament ended when General Bazillio Okello overthrew the Milton Obote and the UPC government in 1995.
- Fifth Parliament (1986–1996)
Known as the National Resistance Council (NRC), the 5th Parliament was established following the end of the Ugandan 1981-1985 guerrilla war. Starting with 38 historical members of the National Resistance Movement and National Resistance Army, the legislative body was gradually expanded to include representatives from around the country. The Speaker during the 5th Parliament was Yoweri Museveni, who also concurrently served as the President of Uganda.
- Sixth Parliament (1996–2001)
The 6th Parliament was constituted during one-party rule (NRM). The late James Wapakhabulo served as Speaker from 1996 until 1998. From 1998 until 2001, the late Francis Ayume, a member of Parliament from Koboko District, served as Speaker.
- Seventh Parliament (2001–2006)
The 7th Parliament was presided over, as Speaker by Edward Kiwanuka Ssekandi, the current Vice President of Uganda. The most controversial legislation passed during this period was the amendment of the Constitution to remove Presidential term limits.
- Eighth Parliament (2006–2011)
This was a continuation of the 7th Parliament, with Edward Ssekandi as Speaker and Rebecca Kadaga as Deputy Speaker.
- Ninth Parliament (2011–Present)
|National Resistance Movement||164||86||13||263|
|Forum for Democratic Change||23||11||—||34|
|Uganda People's Congress||7||3||—||10|
|Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives||10||10|
|Total (turnout %)||238||112||25||375|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Uganda, African Elections Database|
Note on the Distribution of seats:
|Election results are missing from this article.|
|National Resistance Movement||142||49||14||205|
|Forum for Democratic Change||27||10||-||37|
|Uganda People's Congress||9||-||-||9|
|Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives||10|
|Total (turnout 72 %)||215||69||15||319|
|Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union|
Note on the Distribution of seats: