Parliament of Uganda

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Parliament of Uganda
9th Parliament
Coat of arms of the Republic of Uganda.svg
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
Speaker Rebecca Kadaga
Since 19 May 2011
Structure
Seats 375
Political groups      NRM (205)
     FDC (37)
     UPC (9)
     DP (8)
     Conservatives (1)
     Jeema (1)
     Independent (37)
Elections
Last election 18 February 2011
Meeting place
Parliament Avenue, Kampala
Footnotes
www.parliament.go.ug
Coat of arms of the Republic of Uganda.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uganda

The unicameral Parliament of Uganda is the country's legislative body.

Overview[edit]

The most significant of the institution's functions, is to pass laws which will provide good governance in the country. The government ministers are bound to answer to the people's representatives on the floor of the house.Through the various parliamentary committees, parliament scrutinises government programmes, particularly as outlined in the State of the Nation Address by the President. The fiscal issues of the government, such as, taxation and loans need the sanction of the parliament, after appropriate debate.[1]

Composition[edit]

The Ugandan Parliament comprises 215 Constituency Representatives, 79 District Woman Representatives, 10 Uganda People's Defence Forces Representatives, 5 Representatives of the Youth, 5 Representatives of Persons with Disabilities, 5 Representatives of Workers, and 13 ex officio Members. After the 2005 Referendum, the composition of parliament has changed.[2]

History[edit]

The Ugandan Parliament was established in 1962, soon after the country's independence.[3]

First Parliament (1962–1963)

This body was then known as the Legislative Council (LEGCO). It had 92 members and was presided over, as Speaker, by Sir John Bowes Griffin, a British lawyer and former Ugandan Chief Justice.

Second Parliament (1963–1971)

During this period, Milton Obote, the then Prime Minister, abrogated the constitution and declared himself President of the country, in 1966. This parliament also witnessed the abolition of Uganda's traditional kingdoms and the declaration of Uganda as a Republic. The Speaker during the 2nd Parliament was Narendra M. Patel, a Ugandan of Indian descent. This Parliament ended when Idi Amin, overthrew Milton Obote's government in January 1971.

Third Parliament (1979–1980)

Following the overthrow of Idi Amin in April 1979, a new legislative body known as the Uganda Legislative Council, was established. With initial membership of 30, the members were later increased to 120. This was the 3rd Parliament and was chaired by Professor Edward Rugumayo. This legislative body continued to function until the general elections of December 1980.

Fourth Parliament (1980–1985)

This period marked the return to power of Milton Obote and the Uganda People's Congress (UPC), following the disputed national elections of 1980. The Speaker of the 4th parliament was Francis Butagira, a Harvard-trained lawyer. the 4th Parliament ended when General Bazillio Okello overthrew the Milton Obote and the UPC government in 1995.

Fifth Parliament (1986–1996)

Known as the National Resistance Council (NRC), the 5th Parliament was established following the end of the Ugandan 1981-1985 guerrilla war. Starting with 38 historical members of the National Resistance Movement and National Resistance Army, the legislative body was gradually expanded to include representatives from around the country. The Speaker during the 5th Parliament was Yoweri Museveni, who also concurrently served as the President of Uganda.

Sixth Parliament (1996–2001)

The 6th Parliament was constituted during one-party rule (NRM). The late James Wapakhabulo served as Speaker from 1996 until 1998. From 1998 until 2001, the late Francis Ayume, a member of Parliament from Koboko District, served as Speaker.

Seventh Parliament (2001–2006)

The 7th Parliament was presided over, as Speaker by Edward Kiwanuka Ssekandi, the current Vice President of Uganda. The most controversial legislation passed during this period was the amendment of the Constitution to remove Presidential term limits.

Eighth Parliament (2006–2011)

This was a continuation of the 7th Parliament, with Edward Ssekandi as Speaker and Rebecca Kadaga as Deputy Speaker.

Ninth Parliament (2011–Present)

The 9th Parliament is president over by Rebecca Kadaga as Speaker, and Jacob Oulanyah as Deputy Speaker.


e • d Summary of the 18 February 2011 National Assembly of Uganda election results
Parties Constituency
seats
District
woman reps.
Indirect
seats
Total
seats
National Resistance Movement 164 86 13 263
Forum for Democratic Change 23 11 34
Democratic Party 11 1 12
Uganda People's Congress 7 3 10
Conservative Party 1 1
Justice Forum 1 1
Independents 30 11 2 43
Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives   10 10
Vacant 1   1
Total (turnout %) 238 112 25 375
Source: Electoral Commission of Uganda, African Elections Database

Note on the Distribution of seats:
Constituency seats refers to directly elected constituency representatives (237)
District Woman Reps. refers to directly elected District Woman Representatives (112)
Indirect seats include: UPDF Representatives (10), Representatives of the Youth (5), Representatives of Persons with Disabilities (5), and Representatives of Workers (5)

e • d Summary of the 23 February 2006 National Assembly of Uganda election results
Parties Votes % Constituency
seats
District
woman reps.
Indirect
seats
Total
seats
National Resistance Movement 142 49 14 205
Forum for Democratic Change 27 10 - 37
Uganda People's Congress 9 - - 9
Democratic Party 8 - - 8
Conservative Party 1 - - 1
Justice Forum 1 - - 1
Independents 26 10 1 37
Vacant 1 - - 1
Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives 10
Ex-officio members 10
Total (turnout 72 %) 215 69 15 319
Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union

Note on the Distribution of seats:
Constituency seats refers to directly elected constituency representatives (215)
District Woman Reps. refers to directly elected District Woman Representatives (69)
Indirect seats include: Representatives of the Youth (5), Representatives of Persons with Disabilities (5), and Representatives of Workers (5)

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]