Parliament railway station

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Parliament
Parliament Platform 3.jpg
Station statistics
Address Spring Street, Melbourne
Coordinates 37°48′41″S 144°58′23″E / 37.81139°S 144.97306°E / -37.81139; 144.97306Coordinates: 37°48′41″S 144°58′23″E / 37.81139°S 144.97306°E / -37.81139; 144.97306
Line(s) All Melbourne lines
Structure type Underground
Levels 2
Platforms 4 (2 island)
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened 22 January 1983
Electrified Yes
Station code PAR
Owned by VicTrack
Operator Metro
Myki zone 1
Station status Premium station
Melway map Melway
Website Public Transport Victoria
Location
Google map

Parliament railway station is an underground station on the metro network in Melbourne, Australia. It is one of five stations (and one of three underground) on the City Loop, which encircles the Melbourne CBD. In 2011/12 it was the 4th busiest station on Melbourne's metropolitan network, with 10.7 million passenger movements.[1]

The station services Melbourne's government district, and is underneath the Parliament House of Victoria and the intersection of Bourke and Spring Streets, at the eastern end of the CBD.

History[edit]

The station platforms were constructed using mining methods. Each platform is an individual tunnel, and are linked to the other platform in the same level by a number of cross tunnels. This choice in design left the remaining pillar of rock between the tunnels too weak to support the required loads, so it was replaced with concrete. A pilot tunnel was made, enabling the walls to be constructed ahead of the main excavation.[2]

The booking hall to the south was constructed 'upside down', with the support columns dug with augers from ground level, then filled with concrete. The roof was then constructed over these piles from ground level during a series of staged road closures, and once this was completed the excavation of the booking hall could be carried out underneath, while road traffic continued overhead. During construction the Parliament House fence had to be removed, stored then re-erected.[2]

The station opened on 22 January 1983.[3] At the time of opening the station had the longest escalators in the southern hemisphere.[2]

Facilities[edit]

Parliament station has three underground levels. It has a concourse level and four platforms on the two levels underneath. Each platform serves a separate group of rail lines that leave the Loop and radiate out into the city's suburbs.

Parliament has two separate concourses. They each have a ticket office, toilets and ticket operated gates.

  • The northern is located at the junction of Spring, Lonsdale and Nicholson Streets, and has three escalators and a lift going down to the platforms, as well has a lift and steps leading to street level.
  • The southern concourse is near the Spring and Collins Street intersection, and has four escalators descending to the platforms. There are three exits to ground level via steps: one to MacArthur Street, the other two exits on Spring Street, facing Bourke Street and near Collins Street.

Platforms & services[edit]

Platform 1 - Clifton Group

Platform 2 - Caulfield Group

Platform 3 - Northern Group

Platform 4 - Burnley Group

Transport links[edit]

Yarra Trams operate seven services via Parliament station:

Bourke Street

Collins Street

References[edit]

  1. ^ Station Patronage Research Public Transport Victoria
  2. ^ a b c History of Melbourne's Underground Rail System Metropolitan Transport Authority
  3. ^ Department of Infrastructure. "Public transport - City Loop history". www.doi.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  4. ^ Route 35 City Circle timetable Public Transport Victoria
  5. ^ Route 86 Bundora RMIT - Waterfront City Docklands timetable Public Transport Victoria
  6. ^ Route 95 Docklands - Melbourne Museum timetable Public Transport Victoria
  7. ^ Route 96 East Brunswick - St Kilda Beach timetable Public Transport Victoria
  8. ^ Route 48 North Balwyn - Victoria Harbour Docklands timetable Public Transport Victoria
  9. ^ Route 109 Box Hill - Port Melbourne timetable Public Transport Victoria
  10. ^ Route 112 West Prestons - St Kilda timetable Public Transport Victoria
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