Parma (barque)

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Parma lee-side 1932 33.jpg
Parma in 1932
Career
Name: Arrow (1902-12)
Parma (1912-38)
Owner: Anglo American Oil Co Ltd, London (1902-12)
F. Laeisz, Hamburg (1912-20)
British Government (1920-21)
Belgian Government (1921)
F. Laeisz, Hamburg (1921-31)
De Cloux & Villiers, Mariehamn (1931-36)
Rederei A/B Parma U V Wennstrom, Mariehamn (1936-37)
Barnett Bros, London (1937-38)
Operator: Anglo American Oil Co Ltd, London (1902-12)
F. Laeisz, Hamburg (1912-20)
British Government (1920-21)
Association Maritime Belge (1921)
F. Laeisz, Hamburg (1921-31)
De Cloux & Villiers, Mariehamn (1931-36)
Rederei A/B Parma U V Wennstrom, Mariehamn (1936-37)
Barnett Bros, London (1937-38)
Port of registry: United Kingdom London (1902-12)
German Empire Hamburg (1912-19)
Weimar Republic Hamburg (1919-20)
United Kingdom London (1920-21)
Belgium Antwerp (1921)
Weimar Republic Hamburg (1921-31)
Finland Mariehamn (1931-37)
United Kingdom London (1937-38)
Builder: A Rodger & Co, Port Glasgow
Yard number: 361
Launched: April 1902
Completed: April 1902
In service: 1902
Out of service: Hulked 1936
Identification: Code Letters RBWN (1912-20, 21-31)
ICS Romeo.svgICS Bravo.svgICS Whiskey.svgICS November.svg
Code letters OHQQ (1931-36)
ICS Oscar.svgICS Hotel.svgICS Quebec.svgICS Quebec.svg
United Kingdom Official Number 115804 (1902-12, 20-21, 36-38)
Finnish Official Number 324 (1931-36)
Fate: Scrapped 1938
General characteristics
Tonnage: 3,084 GRT
2,882 NRT
5,300 DWT
Length: 327 ft 7 in (99.85 m)
Beam: 46 ft 5 in (14.15 m)
Draught: 28 ft (8.53 m)
Depth: 26 ft 2 in (7.98 m)
Propulsion: sail
Sail plan: Barque
Parma becalmed in 1932 or '33

Parma was a four-masted steel-hulled barque which was built in 1902 as Arrow for the Anglo-American Oil Co Ltd, London. In 1912 she was sold to F. Laeisz, Hamburg, Germany. During the First World War she was interned in Chile, and postwar was assigned to the United Kingdom as war reparations. She was sold back to Laiesz in 1921. She was sold in 1931 to Ruben De Cloux & Alan Villiers of Mariehamn, Finland. Following an accident in 1936, she was sold and hulked at Haifa, British Mandate of Palestine, now Israel, for two years before being scrapped.

Description[edit]

Arrow was built by A Rodger & Co, Port Glasgow as yard number 361. She was 327 feet 7 inches (99.85 m) long, with a beam of 46 feet 5 inches (14.15 m) and a depth of 26 feet 2 inches (7.98 m).[1] She had four masts and was rigged as a barque, with royal sails over double top and topgallant sails.[2] Arrow was completed in April 1902.[3] She was a sister ship to Eclipse, which was completed two months later.[4]

History[edit]

Arrow entered service with the Anglo-American Oil Co Ltd, London, employed in the kerosene trade.[5] In 1912, she was sold to F Laeisz, Hamburg for £15,000 and was renamed Parma.[2] She was employed in the nitrate trade between Germany and Chile.[6] At the outbreak of the First World War, Parma was interned at Iquique, Chile. In 1920, she was assigned to the United Kingdom as war reparations.[2] In 1921, she was transferred to the Belgian Government, and placed under the management of Association Maritime Belge, Antwerp.[1] On 8 November 1921, Parma was sold back to F Laeisz for £10,000.[2] She was again employed in the nitrate trade.[6] In 1926, Parma sailed from Hamburg to Talcahuano, Chile in 86 days and in 1928 she sailed from Land's End to Talcahuano in 70 days.[2]

In 1931, Parma was sold to Ruben De Cloux and Alan Villiers of Mariehamn, Finland for RM34,000.[2] She was the largest sailing ship under the Finnish flag at the time,[6] holding that position until 1935 when Gustaf Erikson bought Moshulu.[7] She was employed in the wheat trade between Germany and Australia. In 1933, she sailed from Port Victoria to Falmouth in 83 days. This was the fastest ever achieved by a sailing ship.[6]

On 1 July 1936, Parma collided with an observation tower at Princes Dock, Glasgow when a gust of wind caught her as she was docking. As a result of the collision, plates in her hull were sprung open by falling coping stones from the quayside. Parma was sold to Rederei A/B Parma U V Wennstrom, Mariehamn.[5] She was stripped of her masts and rigging,[2] and converted to a hulk. In 1936, Parma was sold to Barnett Bros, London.[5] Parma served as a hulk at Haifa, Palestine (now Israel), until 1938 when she was scrapped.[2] A model of Parma can be seen at the Ålands Sjöfartsmuseum, Mariehamn.[8]

Captains[edit]

The captains of Parma were:-[2][6]

  • Töpper (1924-26)
  • Holst (1926-27)
  • Rohwer (1928-29)
  • Brockhöft (1928-29)
  • Ruben de Cloux (1931-36)

Official Numbers and Code Letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. Parma was assigned the United Kingdom Official Number 115804,[9] she was also assigned the Finnish Official Number 324.[10]

Parma was assigned the Code Letters RBWN when she was under the German Flag,[3] and OHQQ when she was under the Finnish Flag.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "P-Z". Belgian ships. Retrieved 4 February 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Arrow". Lars Bruzelius. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VOILES". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, SAILING VESSELS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "ARROW(1902)". Clydesite. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Arrow". Oktett. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "Kurt". Oktett. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "End of the sail age". Pamir. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  9. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, SAILING VESSELS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VOILES". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 4 February 2010.