|This article does not cite any references or sources. (August 2009)|
|Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement|
Independentism of Ruanda-Urundi from Belgium
|Politics of Rwanda
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Parmehutu (French: Parti du Mouvement de l'Emancipation Hutu; English: "Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement"), also known as MDR-Parmehutu (Mouvement démocratique republicain Parmehutu; French: "Parmehutu Democratic Republican Movement") is a now-defunct political party of Rwanda and Burundi.
It was founded by Grégoire Kayibanda in June 1957 (called the Hutu Social Movement until 25 September 1959) as a political party of moderate Hutu nationalists who fought for the emancipation of the oppressed Hutu majority. Kayibanda overthrew the Tutsi monarchy of Mwami Kigeri V in 1961 and appointed a government of Hutus.
After independence, in July 1962, Kayibanda became president of Rwanda. By 1965, it was the only legal party in the country.
In the coup of July 1973, Kayibanda was ousted by his cousin Juvénal Habyarimana, and the Parmehutu party was dissolved.