Parnell, Iowa

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Parnell, Iowa
City
Location of Parnell, Iowa
Location of Parnell, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°35′1″N 92°0′18″W / 41.58361°N 92.00500°W / 41.58361; -92.00500Coordinates: 41°35′1″N 92°0′18″W / 41.58361°N 92.00500°W / 41.58361; -92.00500
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Iowa
Area[1]
 • Total 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
 • Land 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 863 ft (263 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 193
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 191
 • Density 1,135.3/sq mi (438.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52325
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-61770
GNIS feature ID 0460031

Parnell is a city in Iowa County, Iowa, United States. The population was 193 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Parnell, in Fillmore Township, Iowa County, Iowa, was named after Charles Stewart Parnell, a noble Irish statesman who had come to the American people to plead the cause of Ireland's land-impoverished peasants.

The Milwaukee Railroad helped to create Parnell. In 1884, the people of the little Irish town of Lytle City moved residences, stores, buildings, and families three miles west to where the railroad was beginning.

The people of Lytle City, who were all members of the Catholic Church, then became residents of Parnell. The town was incorporated on March 24, 1891, with a population of 156.

The early businesses consisted of a hardware store, grocery store, a drug store, a foundry and blacksmith, a newspaper office, hotel, a livery stable, tavern, dry goods store, millinery shop, a photographer, opera house, and a bank.

Catholic church services began in the fall of 1888. St. Joseph's Catholic Church was erected the next year. The Rev. James Davis was its first pastor. This was the largest Catholic Church in the county; and the only church in Parnell until March 16, 1958, when the Parnell Mennonite Church became an organized congregation. The St. Joseph's Cemetery was established in 1892 east of town. Due to deteriorating conditions, the church sadly had to be torn down April 27, 2010.

The Parnell school district was first known as Locust Grove Independent district. The school house was one mile east of town for the first two years. In order to accommodate the pupils in town and in the western part of the district, school was held in a store building in Parnell in the winter of 1888-1889. Birdie Costello and W.J. Naughton were the first teachers. In 1889, a new one-room building was erected; and later in 1899, a four room brick structure was built. The school became a high school in 1899. In 1907, it adopted the eleventh grade course; and in 1915, it was raised to twelfth grade. In 1916, the Parnell Consolidated School was open-ed, becoming Parnell's first public school. The Sisters of Humility were transferred to this school, which until 1955, was one of the few public schools in the state to utilize Roman Catholic nuns as instructors.

Early families of Parnell included the Shuells, Murphys, Hannons, Tiernans, Kellys, McDonalds, Dwyers, Callans, Eagletons, Lawlers, Tourneys, McCunes, Mullinex', Naughtons, Quinns, Sheridans, Mastersons, Ryans, Leahys, Murrins, Coakleys, and Carneys.

In 1985, businesses included Weldon's DX, Shamrock Cafe, Royal Beauty Salon, Parnell Sandwich & Cone Shoppe, Parnell Tavern, Parnell Post Office, Central Midwest Petroleum, Parnell Cycle Shop, and Johnny O's Car Wash.

The St. Michael's Church, Cemetery, Rectory and Ancient Order of Hibernians Hall, located four miles to the east in the hamlet of Holbrook was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[4]

Geography[edit]

Parnell is located at 41°35′1″N 92°0′18″W / 41.58361°N 92.00500°W / 41.58361; -92.00500 (41.583477, -92.004930).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 318 —    
1910 369 +16.0%
1920 325 −11.9%
1930 262 −19.4%
1940 263 +0.4%
1950 206 −21.7%
1960 200 −2.9%
1970 175 −12.5%
1980 234 +33.7%
1990 209 −10.7%
2000 220 +5.3%
2010 193 −12.3%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 193 people, 87 households, and 43 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,135.3 inhabitants per square mile (438.3 /km2). There were 100 housing units at an average density of 588.2 per square mile (227.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 2.1% Native American, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 87 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.6% were non-families. 41.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 41.7 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 34.2% were from 45 to 64; and 8.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 220 people, 91 households, and 52 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,267.8 people per square mile (499.7/km²). There were 103 housing units at an average density of 593.6 per square mile (233.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.

There were 91 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,667, and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $27,059 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,293. About 3.8% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 2.9% of those sixty five or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Parnell