Parnell (New Zealand electorate)

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Parnell was a parliamentary electorate in the city of Auckland, New Zealand, from 1861 to 1954, with one break of eight years.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Parnell was one of the single-member electorates.[1] The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly.[1] The Parnell electorate had 268 registered electors for the 1861 election.[2]

Over the years, Parnell sometimes comprised a small area, and sometimes it covered quite a large area. Much of the area covered fluctuated between the Parnell and Manukau electorates.[3] In the 1937 electoral redistribution, Parnell was abolished and replaced with the Remuera electorate, covering almost exactly the same area as Parnell had since the 1927 electoral redistribution.[4]

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, 19 electorates were created for the first time, and eight former electorates were re-established, including Parnell.[5] The Parnell electorate existed alongside the Remuera electorate.[6] It was abolished again with the next electoral redistribution, which was held in 1952 and became effective with the 1954 election.[7] Most of the Parnell electorate's area went once again to the Remuera electorate.[8]

History[edit]

The electorate was represented by ten Members of Parliament:[9]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform  
 United    National  
Election Winner
1861 election Reader Wood
1865 by-election Robert Creighton
1866 election Frederick Whitaker
1867 by-election Charles Heaphy
1870 by-election Reader Wood
1871 election
1875 election
1878 by-election Frederick Moss
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election
1890 election Frank Lawry
1893 election
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election James Dickson
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election Harry Jenkins
1930 by-election Bill Endean
1931 election
1935 election
(electorate abolished 1938–1946; see Remuera)
1946 election Duncan Rae
1949 election
1951 election
(electorate abolished 1954; see Remuera)

Election results[edit]

1911 election[edit]

General election, 1911: Parnell, first ballot[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform James Samuel Dickson 3,585 44.19
Liberal John Findlay 2,971 36.62
Labour (original) Joe Mack 1,557 19.19
Majority 614 7.57
Informal votes 93 1.13
Turnout 8,206 81.97
Registered electors 10,011
General election, 1911: Parnell, second ballot[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform James Samuel Dickson 4,264 52.71
Liberal John Findlay 3,826 47.29
Majority 438 5.41
Informal votes 25 0.31
Turnout 8,115 81.06
Registered electors 10,011

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Parnell[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frank Lawry 2,263 49.93
Opposition Hugh Campbell 1,423 31.40
Opposition John Candlish Allen 846 18.67
Majority 840 18.53
Turnout 4,532 74.55
Registered electors 6,079

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 35.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 33.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 32–86.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 86–91.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 94f.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 98f.
  8. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 94, 98.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 270.
  10. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Robert James Creighton". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Frederick Joseph Moss". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "Electoral District of Parnell". Observer XIX (1095). 23 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.