Ibirapuera Park

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Ibirapuera Park
Ibira at night.jpg
The Ibirapuera Park during Christmas time.
Type Urban park
Location São Paulo, Brazil
Area 545 acres (221 ha)
Created 1954
Status Open all year

Ibirapuera Park (Portuguese: Parque Ibirapuera) is a major urban park in São Paulo, Brazil. It has a large area for leisure, jogging and walking, as well as a convention center. Its importance to São Paulo is comparable to that of the Central Park to New York City. The Ibirapuera is one of Latin America largest city parks, together with Chapultepec Park, in Mexico City and Simón Bolívar Park in Bogota.

History[edit]

Inaugurated in 1954 for the 400th anniversary of the city, with buildings designed by famous architect Oscar Niemeyer and landscape by agronomist Otávio Agusto de Teixeira Mendes,[1] Ibirapuera Park covers an area of almost 2 square kilometres (0.77 sq mi). It is the second biggest park in the city. Admission is free.

Features[edit]

The park complex contains several buildings, most of them designed by Oscar Niemeyer. They include:

  • The Grande Marquise ("The great marquee"), location of the MAM - Museu de Arte Moderna] ("Modern Art Museum");
  • The Cicillo Matarazzo Pavilion, home for the Museum of Contemporary Art, University of São Paulo, and a space for events and expos, including the São Paulo Art Biennial and the São Paulo Fashion Week;
  • The Manoel da Nóbrega Pavilion, which until 1992 was the city hall and now houses the "Afro Brazil Museum".
  • The Lucas Nogueira Garcez Pavilion, formerly known as "Palácio das Exposições"("Expositions Palace") and now known as the Oca ("hut", given its round shape), which harbors both the Museu da Aeronáutica ("Air Force Museum") and the Museu do Folclore ("Folklore Museum");
  • The Armando de Arruda Pereira Pavilion, home for the Prodam - Companhia de Processamento de Dados do Município ("Municipal Data Processing Company");
  • The Palácio da Agricultura ("Agriculture Palace"), home of Detran, municipal transit department. The building was originally intended to harbor the municipal agriculture department;
  • The Planetarium and Municipal Astrophysics School. The Planetarium building which is shaped like a flying saucer. It was the first Planetarium in the Southern Hemisphere and has a dome which is 20 meters in diameter. The German projection machine shows the sky above São Paulo from dusk to dawn. During the projection a professional astronomer explains the most famous stars and constellations as well as the movements of the Earth and other planets;
  • The Ibirapuera Gymnasium;
  • The Japanese Pavilion
  • The Monumento às Bandeiras
  • The Ibirapuera Auditorium, controversial building that was on the original Niemeyer plan, but was only built recently.
  • The Obelisk of São Paulo, symbol of the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932
  • A statue of Pedro Alvares Cabral that alleges "Brazilians owe everything to Portugal."[2]


Panorama of the lake in Ibirapuera Park.
Picture Gallery
Ibirapuera Auditorium.jpg 2560x1920 Bridge over Lake Parque do Ibirapuera sao paulo brasil.jpg Museu de Arte Moderna, São Paulo - Fachada.jpg Oca - Ibirapuera.jpg Monumento às Bandeiras 2.JPG Parque do Ibirapuera.JPG
Ibirapuera Auditorium at night Bridge above the park's lake São Paulo Museum of Modern Art Oca Monumento às Bandeiras A street in Ibirapuera Park
Biennale-Sao-Paulo-Pavilhao-Ciccillo-Matarazzo.jpg Ginasio Ibirapuera.jpg Sao Paulo Edo 15 Jul 06 15 8x6.jpg Museu Afro-Brasil - Fachada Principal.jpg Vista do lago do Parque do Ibirapuera.JPG Lago do Parque do Ibirapuera.JPG
São Paulo Art Biennial: Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion Aerial Photography of the Ibirapuera Gymnasium Monumento às Bandeiras Museum Afro Brasil View from the lake in Ibirapuera Park View from the lake in Ibirapuera Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barone, Ana Cláudia Castilho. Ibirapuera: parque metropolitano (1926-1954). Tese de Doutorado. Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade de São Paulo. 2007.P.
  2. ^ Fitzpatrick, John (2009). "Brazil and Portugal - The Samba and the Fado". gringoes.com. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 

Ibirapuera: parque metropolitano (1926-1954)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°35′18″S 46°39′32″W / 23.58833°S 46.65889°W / -23.58833; -46.65889