Parsi Gymkhana, Marine Drive

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Parsi Gymkhana
Location Marine Drive, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Coordinates 18°56′41″N 72°49′25″E / 18.9448°N 72.8235°E / 18.9448; 72.8235
Opened 1888
Closed open

Parsi Gymkhana is a gymkhana (social and sporting club) located along Marine Drive in Mumbai. It was built for sports and social activities of Parsis.[1] The gymkhana is one of the founder members of the Bombay Cricket Association[2] and was the first gymkhana to be built on communal lines in Bombay.[3] Founded by Parsi cricketers, the Gymkhana fielded the Parsi XI during the Bombay Quadrangular and its successor Bombay Pentangular cricket tournaments.[4] Parsi Gymkhana was founded in 1884[5] and was opened in 1888.[6] In 2010, Parsi Gymkhana along with other community organisations announced a project to revive interest in cricket among the community.[7]

During World War II, the government occupied the gymkhana premises as well as that of Islam Gymkhana, leading the adjacent Hindu Gymkhana to offer membership to Muslims and Parsis as an "emergency measure".[8] As the gymkhana land belongs to the collector, one of its lease conditions is that the grounds should be accessible by the general public and non-sporting activities such as weddings are allowed to be held at the ground for up to 30 days in the year.[9] During one such event in 2003, a fire caused by a leaking LPG cylinder injured 27 people.[10] In 2010, the local residents association moved in court to ban non-sporting activities at the ground, on the grounds that the general public was being denied access to it, something which the gymkhana denied.[9] Parsi Gymkhana had received special permission to hold events on 60 days during the year. In 2011, the collector restricted non-sport events to 25 days a year only on weekdays.[11] The gymkhana is also used for other events, such as the unveiling of the world's cheapest car, Tata Nano by Ratan Tata in 2009.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumar P. Pratap, Knut A. Jacobsen (2004). South Asians in the diaspora: histories and religious traditions. Brill. p. 318. ISBN 9004124888. 
  2. ^ "History of Gymkhana". Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Sagar, Rachna. Together with Social Science Term II. Rachna Sagar Pvt. Ltd. p. 73. ISBN 8181373995. 
  4. ^ Aruṇa Ṭikekara, Aroon Tikekar (2006). The Cloister's Pale: A Biography of the University of Mumbai. Popular Prakashan. p. 74. 
  5. ^ Jozsa, Frank P. (2009). Global Sports: Cultures, Markets and Organizations. World Scientific. p. 228. ISBN 9812835695. 
  6. ^ Palsetia, Jesse S. (2001). The Parsis of India: Preservation of Identity in Bombay City. BRILL. p. 153. ISBN 9004121145. 
  7. ^ "Cricket pitch: Parsis aim to recover lost ground". NDTV. 14 October 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "BOMBAY HINDU GYMKHANA: Membership thrown open to Non-Hindus". The Indian Express. 13 May 1942. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Marine Drive gyms face legal battle with locals". Times of India. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "LPG cylinder fire injures 27 at Parsi Gymkhana". Times of India. 21 November 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Gymkhana weddings may be limited to 25 days a year, never on weekends". Daily News and Analysis. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Nano wait is over". The Hindu Business Line. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2012.