Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu
|United Traditional Bumiputera Party|
|Founded||30 April 1973
(Upon merging of BUMIPUTERA & PESAKA)
|National affiliation||Barisan Nasional (1973-present)|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu, or PBB (English: United Traditional Bumiputera Party) is a right-wing political party in Malaysia. It is currently the largest political party in Sarawak, with strongholds only in the rural areas. The party is one of the constituents of the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.
Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu was formed from the combination of three parties in Sarawak; Parti Negara Sarawak (PANAS), Barisan Rakyat Jati Sarawak (BARJASA) and Parti Pesaka Anak Sarawak (PESAKA). The formation of the party was for the purpose of the improvement of the livelihood and protect the rights of the Bumiputera in many fields such as politics, economy and social.
The meaning of "Bumiputera"
Bumiputera is a Malaysian political term and translates to son of earth. Being mentioned in the party's name, this directly relates to the ethnic groups that are seen as native to the state of Sarawak. Members of the party are solely of Sarawak Bumiputera ethnicity. In article 161a of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, 21 ethnic groups are classified as "natives of Sarawak", among these are the Ibans, Bidayuhs and several other Dayak people as well as Sarawakian Malays.
Parti Negara Sarawak (PANAS)
PANAS which was formed on 9 April 1960 by Datu Patinggi Abang Haji Mustapha, was the second political party to be formed after Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP).
Barisan Ra'ayat Jati Sarawak (BARJASA)
Parti Pesaka Sarawak (PESAKA)
Parti Pesaka Anak Sarawak was formed in Sibu in August 1962 to cater for the Ibans of Batang Rajang. Its promoters refused to join the Sarawak National Party, which they claimed only catered for Ibans from Saribas. Among the initiators of the party were Penghulu Masam Anak Radin, Pengarah Banyang, Penghulu Chundi Anak Resa and Penghulu Umpau. Temenggong Jugah, Temenggong Oyong Lawai Jau and Jonathan Bangau joined later. While Jugah and Oyong Lawai Jau were incipiently members of PANAS, Bangau was from SUPP. Others Penghulus from other divisions such as Penghulu Tawi Sli (Second Division) and Penghulu Abok Anak Jalin (Bintulu) also joined PESAKA. PESAKA was, therefore, known as the Penghulus’ Party. However, the person who actually mooted the idea of forming PESAKA was Thomas Kana, a former dresser at Kuala Belait. He was made the first secretary-general of the party.
Formation of PBB
PANAS and BARJASA first merged to form the Parti Bumiputera Sarawak (BUMIPUTERA) in 1968. BUMIPUTERA and PESAKA combined to form PBB on 30 April 1973.
The year 2013 marked the Golden Jubilee of the PBB and the celebration ceremony was held alongside its Triennial Assembly in Kuching.
Temenggong Jugah Anak Barieng was appointed as the first president of the PBB until his death in 1981. Abdul Taib Mahmud took over in the president post 1981. Taib was the Chief Minister of Sarawak and president of the PBB until 2014. Adenan Satem was announced as the president of PBB in 2014 after Taib handed over the state leadership to him.
Performance in general elections
In the 13th General Election, PBB successfully defended all of their 14 parliament seats.
- Chin, James. 2003: The Melanau-Malay Schism Erupts Again: Sarawak at the Polls. In: New Politics in Malaysia. Lok Kok Wah / Johan Saravanamuttu, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies (ISBN 981-230-169-0), pp. 213–227
- James Chin. “The More Things Change, The More They Remain The Same”, in Chin Kin Wah & D. Singh (eds.) South East Asian Affairs 2004 (Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies, 2004)
- James Chin. “Autonomy: Politics in Sarawak” in Bridget Welsh (ed) Reflections: The Mahathir Years, (Washington DC: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004) (ISBN 9790615 124871) pp. 240–251