Parti de l'Ordre
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The Parti de l'Ordre (literally Party of Order) was not a formal political party, but a coalition of monarchists and conservatives in the French parliament during the French Second Republic. It included monarchist members from both the Orleanist and Legitimist factions, and also some republicans who admired the American model of government. After the 1848 elections to the French Parliament, it was the second-largest group of deputies, after the moderate Republicans, with 250 of the 900 seats in the Parliament. Its slogan was: "Order, Property, Religion". Prominent members included Adolphe Thiers, Francois Guizot, and Alexis de Toqueville.
The party won an absolute majority in the 1849 general election, and were opposed to the Presidency of Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, although he included members of the party in his administration in order to court the political center-right. After the coup d'état in December 1851, the party dissolved and its members were exiled.
The party enjoyed widespread support in the north of France in the 1849 elections, the departments of Finistère, Côtes-du Nord, Manche, Calvados, Eure, Somme, Aisne as well as Deux-Sèvres, Vienne, Vaucluse, and Haute-Garonne returned exclusively Parti de l'Ordre members to parliament. Support was lower in the east of the country.
- Atlas Historique, Stock, Paris, 1968