Particle performing in 2006
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Genres||Rock, progressive rock, jam band, electronica, funktronica, livetronica|
|Associated acts||Free Band Radio|
|Past members||Dave Simmons
The band formed in 2000 and the original members were Dave Simmons (guitar), Steve Molitz (keyboard), Eric Gould (bass), and Darren Pujalet (drums). Simmons died shortly after the formation of the band due to a sudden illness. Guitarist Charlie Hitchcock joined shortly thereafter. Along with The Disco Biscuits and Sound Tribe Sector 9, the group was among the first to blend rock, jazz, funk, and electronica into the milieu of what has been dubbed livetronica (a subgenre of the jam band movement where live bands blend the structures of DJ-produced sequenced electronic music into a more traditional live band setting). Prior to 2006, the band's repertoire consisted entirely of instrumental material.
The group made a name for itself and built an enthusiastic fan base, known as Particle People, by performing energetic late-night sets at festivals such as Bonnaroo, where they played a set of over five hours to 20,000 people. They played up to 140 shows a year, often to large audiences. Reliance on word of mouth from fans, rather than advertising, allowed this group to sell out venues such as the Bowery Ballroom in New York City before they finally released their much anticipated first album, Launchpad, in early 2004, on which they worked with producer Tom Rothrock. In April and May 2005 the group toured with former Grateful Dead drummer Mickey Hart as Hydra; the tour received mixed reviews from many Deadheads who were unaccustomed to Particle's electronic-based approach. Bassist Phil Lesh, also of the Grateful Dead, sat in with the band that summer.
Following their performance on the Xingolati Cruise in late 2005 the band dismissed Hitchcock from the group. This was a source of controversy in the months that followed, because the band's website stated that the departure was a mutual decision. Hitchcock, however, vehemently disagreed and went public by stating that he was summarily fired and was never able to overcome a "hired hand" stigma from the other bandmembers despite joining a mere six performances after the group's formation.
Replacing Hitchcock were Ben Combe and Scott Metzger on guitars and vocals. Their first two performance with the group in February 2006 was recorded, filmed, and released as Transformations: Live for the People that July. Featuring guest appearances by experimental rap duo Blackalicious, Robby Krieger of The Doors, guitarist Joe Satriani, and DJ Logic, the album showcased the band exploring vocal-based music as well as incorporating more overt rock and hip hop influences.
In October 2007 Ben Combe announced his departure from Particle and pursued a Biotech degree until April 2012. A July 2008 side project, PUJA, brought together Combe and Darren Pujalet of Particle, as well as Melvin Seals of The Jerry Garcia Band and Cristian Basso of Leo Nocentelli and Little Hercules.
In 2008 Molitz also played in the supergroup Agents of Mayhem.
Particle shows since 2008 have featured Josh Clark of Tea Leaf Green, Michael Kang of The String Cheese Incident, Dan Lebowitz of Animal Liberation Orchestra, Lucas Bingham of Free Band Radio, Pete Wall (sax) of The Motet as well as former Particle members Ben Combe and Charlie Hitchcock.
The band is regarded as a jam-band with progressive rock roots. They have described their music as "space porn", a term coined by one of their early fans, and "funktronic". Allmusic writer Hal Horowitz, reviewing Launchpad described their music as having "a loose '70s feel that mixes elements of Pink Floyd's prog rock and Return to Forever-styled jazz fusion with insistent dance beats that shift from funk to near disco". Philip Booth, reviewing Launchpad for CMJ New Music Monthly described their music as "fusion in the non-jazz sense", commenting on the "trance, house, and drum 'n' bass rhythms heard throughout", and calling the album an "unstoppable blast of gritty electronic jam". A review by Nicole Keiper in The Tennessean described the band's sound as " jam-rock standards that make smart use of dance music's lush textures and well-placed, good-and-solid dancefloor thumps". Chris Nelson of The New York Times described them as "disco-flavored, instrumental jam music".
- Transformations Live (2004), Or Music
- Launchpad (March 23, 2004 USA), Or Music
- Live at Wanee Festival 2012 (2012), MunckMix
- Waddell, Ray. "Particle To Fuel 'Beats of Peace' Tour". Billboard. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- Eisen, Benjy; Greenhaus, Mike (17 April 2014). "Back to the Future: An Oral History of Livetronica". Relix. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Haymaker: Particle", Free Lance-Star, May 19, 2005, p. 17 (Weekender section). Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Brown, Marisa "Particle Biography", Allmusic. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Morse, Steve (2003) "At the End of its Tour, Particle is Still on Fire", The Boston Globe, November 18, 2003. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Condran, Ed (2002) "Not Just a Typical Jam Band", Asbury Park Press, August 20, 2002, p. F1
- Nelson, Chris (2004) "MediaTalk; The Unorthodox System: First Build a Fan Base, Then Record an Album", The New York Times, March 8, 2004. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- "Particle Finds the Right Mix, Melds Many Influences", The Washington Times, August 21, 2003
- Gilmore, Emily (2006) "Particle Brings Its Music to the People", The Free Lance-Star, October 5, 2006, p. 11. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Booth, Philip (2004) "Particle Launchpad", CMJ New Music Monthly, Issue No. 122. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Horowitz, Hal "Particle Launchpad Review", Allmusic. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Pantsari, Mark R. (2006) "Particle Finds New Chemistry", The Post and Courier, April 27, 2006, p. 5E. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Hochman, Steve (2005) "Just a slight hint of Dead in Hydra", Los Angeles Times, April 13, 2005, p. E4
- Pantsari, Mark R. (2004) "This Particle's Getting Remixed", The Post and Courier, October 21, 2004, p. 6F. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Greene, Jo-Ann "Transformations Live For the People Review", Allmusic. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- Sculley, Alan (2007) "A Particle of Change: Band is in Gear After Latest Lineup Shift", Kansas City Star, April 5, 2007, p. 5
- "Review: Steal This Ticket @ Spiegeltent", Glide, August 26, 2008. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- "For Particle, Change is a Good Thing", Reno Gazette, February 22, 2007, p. H8
- Harley, Andrew (2006) "Particles in Motion: The Power to Move You", Summit Daily, June 29, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2013
- "Particle "Launchpad"", The Washington Post, December 31, 2004, p. T6
- Keiper, Nicole (2007) "Particle Blends Jam-Rock and Electronic for Funky Compositions", The Tennessean, April 24, 2007, p. D2