Partido ng Manggagawa at Magsasaka
|Workers and Farmers' Party|
|President||Jose Malvar Villegas|
|Founded||February 3, 1963|
|Seats in the Senate|
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
|Politics of Philippines
The Partido ng Manggagawa at Magsasaka (Workers' and Farmers' Party, PMM), formerly Lapiang Manggagawa (Workers' Party, LM) is a political party in the Philippines.
The Philippine Trade Union Center split into different groups, which included the Labor Party of the Philippines. Led by Cipriano Cid, Roberto Oca, Ignacio Lacsina and Felixberto Olalia, the Labor Party failed to win an election. Some members reorganized themselves into the Katipunang Manggagawang Pilipino (Association of Filipino Workers) at April 25, 1959 at the Manila Hotel with Oca as party president but other groups soon disassociated themselves from the party.
Founded in February 3, 1963 as the Lapiang Manggagawa (LM), Cipriano Cid, the founder, complained that the "party leaders were already being closely watched." The party broke up in August 1963, and its candidate for the Manila mayoralty, Roberto Oca, was recruited by the Nacionalista Party. Other members coalesced into the Liberal Party.
However, some founders from that Lyceum of the Philippines meeting persisted and carried on the "Lapiang Manggagawa" name. The party registered with the Commission on Elections in 1983. The party supported the Corazon Aquino-Salvador Laurel ticket in the 1986 presidential election. In the 1992 elections, the party merged with the Lakas-NUCD. For the 1998 elections, the party merged with the Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma (Party for Democratic Reform).
For the 2010 presidential election, the party announced its nomination of Secretary of Public Works and Highways Hermogenes Ebdane for president. Ebdane accepted the nomination on November 2009, but withdrew from the presidential race in December 2009. Ebdane ran instead for the governorship of Zambales; he won, defeating Governor Amor Deloso. In 2012 Zambales' 2nd district special election, Ebdane's son Jun Omar successfully defended the district's seat in the House of Representatives of the Philippines against Deloso's daughter and from deceased Antonio M. Diaz's daughter, who ran under the Nacionalista Party.
- Villegas, Bernardo M. (2004-04-02). "LM for party-list". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Simbulan, Dante C. (2005). The Modern Principalia: The Historical Evolution of the Philippine Ruling Oligarchy. University of the Philippines Press. p. 170.
- "L.M. backs Ebdane". Manila Bulletin. 2009-10-16. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
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- Reyes, Jonas (2009-12-03). "Welcome to Zambales, Deloso tells Ebdane". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Servando, Kristine (2010-05-31). "Most ex-cops, soldiers lose election bids". abs-cbnNEWS. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Aning, Jerome (2012-02-05). "Ebdane son wins Zambales special congressional polls". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
- "Sulong Zambales Fields Full Ticket". Manila Bulletin. Oct 4, 2012. Retrieved Apr 10, 2013.