Partington

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Coordinates: 53°25′N 2°26′W / 53.42°N 2.43°W / 53.42; -2.43

Partington
St marys church partington greater manchester.jpg
St Mary's Church, a Grade II listed building
Partington is located in Greater Manchester
Partington
Partington
 Partington shown within Greater Manchester
Population 7,327  (2001 Census)
    - Density  5,348 /sq mi (2,065 /km2)
OS grid reference SJ715915
Civil parish Partington
Metropolitan borough Trafford
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M31
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Stretford and Urmston
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Partington is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford in Greater Manchester, England, about 10 miles (16 km) to the south-west of Manchester city centre.[1] Historically part of Cheshire, it lies on the southern bank of the Manchester Ship Canal, opposite Cadishead on the northern bank. It has a population of 7,327.[2]

A paper mill built in Partington more than 250 years ago was the first factory in Trafford. The completion of the Manchester Ship Canal in 1894 transformed Partington into a major coal-exporting port and attracted a range of other industries. Until 2007 Shell Chemicals UK operated a major petrochemicals manufacturing complex in Carrington, Partington's closest neighbour, to the east.[3] The gas storage facility in the north-eastern corner of the town was once a gasworks and another significant employer.

Shortly after the Second World War, local authorities made an effort to rehouse people away from Victorian slums in inner-city Manchester. An area of Partington extended as an overspill estate is now one of the most deprived parts of the Greater Manchester conurbation. The Cheshire Lines Committee opened a railway line through the town in 1873, but it closed in 1964.

Partington and Carrington Youth Partnership was established to provide the town's youth with activities and the town has seen investment in a new youth centre. Broadoak Secondary School, the only secondary school in the town, is used by Trafford College to provide further education.

History[edit]

Partington, first recorded in 1260,[4] was in the medieval and post-medieval parish of Bowdon.[5] The name derives from Old English: the first element may be a personal name such as Pearta or Pærta, or part "land divided up into partitions" followed by inga, meaning "people of"; the suffix tun means "farmstead".[6] The village consisted of dispersed farmsteads, with no nucleated centre. It was surrounded by wetlands on all sides, reducing the amount of land available for agriculture.[7] According to the hearth tax returns of 1664, Partington had a population of 99.[8]

Erlam Farm is a Grade II listed building.

In 1755 a paper mill opened in Partington, on the River Mersey, and became the first factory established in Trafford.[9] Erlam Farmhouse dates from the late 18th century and is a Grade II listed building.[10] Also protected as a Grade II listed building are the stocks on the village green. Its stone pillars are from the18th century, although the wooden restraints were replaced in the 20th century.[11]

The completion of the Manchester Ship Canal in 1894 transformed Partington into a major coal-exporting port. The canal was widened to 250 feet (76 m) for three-quarters of a mile (1.2 km) to allow for the construction of a coaling basin, equipped with four hydraulic coal hoists. Partington was the nearest port to the Lancashire Coalfields, and brought the south Yorkshire collieries 30 miles (48 km) closer to the sea. Between 1898–1911, exports of coal accounted for 53.4% of the total export tonnage carried by the ship canal. The coal trade in turn resulted in Partington becoming a major railway depot, and attracted a range of other industries, including the Partington Steel & Iron Company, which was encouraged by the availability of coal to construct a steelworks. The works became a part of the Lancashire Steel Corporation in 1930, and dominated the economy of nearby Irlam until their closure in 1976.[12] After the Second World War, Partington was extended as an overspill estate.[13]

Governance[edit]

The civil parish parish of Partington was created in 1894, under the Local Government Act 1894 and has its own town council.[14][15] Partington became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford in 1974 upon the borough's creation, but was previously in Bucklow Rural District. The town is part of the Bucklow St Martin electoral ward;[16] the councillors for the Bucklow St Martin are Ian Platt, Dave Quayle, and John Smith, all members of the Labour Party.[17]

Partington also belongs to the Stretford and Urmston constituency and is part of the North West England constituency of the European Parliament. Since its creation in 1997 the constituency's Member of Parliament has been a member of the Labour Party, and Kate Green is the incumbent.[18]

Geography[edit]

At 53°25′12″N 2°25′48″W / 53.42000°N 2.43000°W / 53.42000; -2.43000 (53.42, -2.43), Partington lies west of Sale, north-east of the civil parish of Warburton, and is on the Trafford's northern border with the City of Salford. It is 9 miles (14 km) south-west of Manchester city centre. Sinderland Brook runs east–west through the area, and the town is about 20 m (66 ft) above sea level on generally flat ground.[19]

Partington's local drift geology is a mixture of alluvial deposits, fluvio-glacial gravel, and peat deposited about 10,000 years ago, during the last ice age.[20] The bedrock is Keuper sandstone in the south and Bunter sandstone in the north.[21] The town's climate is generally temperate, like the rest of Greater Manchester. The mean highest and lowest temperatures (13.2 °C (55.8 °F) and 6.4 °C (43.5 °F)) are slightly above the national average, while the annual rainfall (806.6 millimetres (31.76 in)) and average hours of sunshine (1394.5 hours) are respectively above and below the national averages.[22][23]

Demography[edit]

Partington compared
2001 UK census Partington[24] Trafford[25] England
Total population 7,723 205,357 49,138,831
White 96.9% 89.7% 90.9%
Asian 0.9% 4.6% 4.6%
Black 0.6% 0.7% 2.3%

According to the Office for National Statistics, at the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, Partington had a population of 7,723. The 2001 population density was 5,348 inhabitants per square mile (2,065 /km2), with a 100 to 93.1 female-to-male ratio.[26] Of those over 16 years old, 34.7% were single (never married), 34.9% married, and 10.5% divorced.[27] Partington's 3,354 households included 33.5% one-person, 28.7% married couples living together, 8.8% were co-habiting couples, and 16.3% single parents with their children.[28] Of those aged 16–74, 38.9% had no academic qualifications, significantly higher than the averages of Trafford (24.7%) and England (28.9%).[25][29] It has been described as one of the most deprived places in the Greater Manchester conurbation.[30]

As of the 2001 UK census, 76.8% of Partington's residents reported themselves as being Christian, 0.8% Muslim, 0.2% Hindu, 0.2% Jewish, and 0.1% Sikh. The census recorded 14.7% as having no religion, 0.1% had an alternative religion and 7.1% did not state their religion.[31]

Population change[edit]

Population growth in Partington since 1801
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 2001
Population 358 412 434 466 457 485 445 511 438 576 587 758 605 816 957 6,514 9,276 9,109 7,327
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[32][33]

Economy[edit]

The shopping centre in Partington

The main shopping area of Partington is on Central Road, in the centre of town. Partington also has its own traditional market on Smithy Lane.[34]

Partington compared
2001 UK Census Partington[35] Trafford[36] England
Population of working age 5,553 151,445 35,532,091
Full-time employment 40.2% 43.4% 40.8%
Part-time employment 12.1% 11.9% 11.8%
Self employed 3.9% 8.0% 8.3%
Unemployed 3.6% 2.7% 3.3%
Retired 13.0% 13.9% 13.5%

According to the 2001 UK census, the industry of employment of residents aged 16–74 was 19.3% retail and wholesale, 15.0% manufacturing, 14.7% property and business services, 10.8% health and social work, 9.1% transport and communications, 7.2% construction, 5.2% education, 4.8% hotels and restaurants, 3.8% finance, 3.1% public administration, 1.3% agriculture, 0.7% energy and water supply, 0.1% mining, and 4.9% other. Compared with national figures, Partington had a relatively high percentage of residents working in transport and communications, and a relatively low percentage working in public administration.[37] The census recorded the economic activity of residents aged 16–74, 1.8% students were with jobs, 3.4% students without jobs, 7.7% looking after home or family, 10.6% permanently sick or disabled, and 3.8% economically inactive for other reasons.[35] The proportion of those who were permanently sick or disabled in Partington was above the Trafford and England average (5.4% and 6.5% respectively).[36]

Education[edit]

Trafford maintains a selective education system assessed by the Eleven Plus exam. There are four primary schools and one secondary school in Partington. The oldest school still standing in the town was opened in 1958 and used to be called Partington County Primary School. There are two other state primary schools at Moss View and Forestgate. There is also a Roman Catholic school – Our Lady of Lourdes Primary School on Lock Lane. Broadoak Secondary School is a foundation school and a specialist sports college with 340  pupils aged 11 to 16.[38] In its 2008 Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills (Ofsted) report, the school was described as "good".[39] Since 1993, Trafford College (then South Trafford College) has used part of Broadoak Secondary School as a centre of further and adult education in the town.[40]

Transport[edit]

The overgrown remains of Partington railway station, which closed in 1964

Partington's main road is the A6144 between Lymm and the Brooklands area of Sale. The Manchester Ship Canal also carries some industrial traffic. The nearest road crossing over the canal is at Warburton Bridge, one of the few remaining pre-motorway toll bridges in the UK,[41] and the only one in Greater Manchester.[42] The Department for Transport describes Partington as "geographically isolated with road access restricted by the proximity of the Manchester Ship Canal and the nearby petrochemical works [in Carrington]" and notes that there are low levels of car ownership.[43] The 255 operates every 30 minutes during the day, and hourly after 1955 into Manchester Piccadilly 7 days a week

The town was served by a railway station to the north of the town, the Cheshire Lines Committee Glazebrook to Stockport Tiviot Dale Line. The station was opened in 1873, eight years after the line opened, and was in use until 30 November 1964.[44][45] A grant of £312,000 was made by the government to set up Partington Cooperative Transport (PACT) with the purpose of improving public transport in the town.[43]

Amenities[edit]

Partington skate park

Founded in 2003 as part of a government project for 11–19 year olds, Partington and Carrington Youth Partnership (PCYP) has since expanded its scope and provides facilities for youths up to the age of 25. It runs a 5-a-side football league and Screamin' Wheels Skate Park.[46][47] In 2009 it was announced that a £5 million youth centre would be built in the town. Based on designs by pupils from Broadoak Secondary School, the centre will provide facilities for workshops in dance, film-making, and art.[48] Headmaster of the school, Andy Griffin, said "It's a massive thing for Partington as this will help kick-start regeneration of the town. I think it will also help bring people to Partington rather than leaving".[49]

Providing opportunities for sport, a £2 million sports complex was opened next to Broadoak Secondary School in 2008.[48] It features a pool, a sports hall, outdoor pitches and grass courts, and facilities for other activities.[50] The town is served by an Anglican church, St Mary's, a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Our Lady of Lourdes, a Methodist chapel, and a Baptist church called the People's Church. St Mary's Church is a Grade II listed building,[51] and Our Lady of Lourdes' RC Church and parish was founded in 1957.[52] Partington is in the Catholic Dioceses of Roman Catholic Diocese of Shrewsbury[53] and the Anglican Diocese of Chester.[54]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names – O to R. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Trafford Retrieved 2009-08-22
  3. ^ "Royal Dutch Shell plc Annual Report and Form 20-F 2007". Royal Dutch Shell. Retrieved 21 April 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 32.
  5. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 27.
  6. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 24.
  7. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 45
  8. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 59.
  9. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 89.
  10. ^ "Erlam Farmhouse, Bailey Lane". English Heritage. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  11. ^ "Stocks, Partington". English Heritage. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  12. ^ Farnie (1980), p. 98.
  13. ^ Nicholas Timmins (26 June 1995). "Two Labour councils set to relinquish housing". The Independent. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  14. ^ "Partington Town Council". Trafford MBC. Retrieved 30 November 2007. [dead link]
  15. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 95.
  16. ^ "Bucklow St Martin ward profile" (PDF). Trafford MBC. Retrieved 30 November 2007. 
  17. ^ "Bucklow St Martin ward councillors". Trafford MBC. Retrieved 30 November 2007. 
  18. ^ "Stretford and Urmston". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  19. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 26.
  20. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 1.
  21. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 3.
  22. ^ "Manchester Airport 1971–2000 weather averages". Met Office. 2001. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  23. ^ Met Office (2007). "Annual England weather averages". Met Office. Retrieved 23 April 2007. 
  24. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS06 Ethnic group Page white excel.png. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  25. ^ a b "Trafford Metropolitan Borough key statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  26. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  27. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS04 Marital status Page white excel.png. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  28. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS20 Household composition Page white excel.png. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  29. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS13 Qualifications and students Page white excel.png. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  30. ^ "Western Gateway/Trafford UDP". Salford City Council. 8 January 2002. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  31. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS07 Religion Page white excel.png. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  32. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 87.
  33. ^ "Greater Manchester Urban Area 1991 Census". National Statistics. Retrieved 7 December 2008. 
  34. ^ "Local Markets". Trafford.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2009. [dead link]
  35. ^ a b "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS09a Economic activity - all people Page white excel.png. Retrieved 18 April 2009. 
  36. ^ a b "Trafford Local Authority economic activity". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2009. 
  37. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS11a Industry of employment - all people Page white excel.png. Retrieved 18 August 2009. 
  38. ^ "Broadoak School". Specialist School and Academies Trust. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  39. ^ "Broadoak School 2008 Inspection report" (PDF). OFSTED. 18 September 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  40. ^ "Exciting times ahead for the Learning Gateway". Trafford.ac.uk. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2009. [dead link]
  41. ^ Warburton (1970)
  42. ^ Nicholls (2004), p. 90.
  43. ^ a b "Get on Board: An agenda for improving personal security – Case studies; 12. Community Transport the Nightlink Service, Manchester Mini-Bus Agency". Department for Transport. Retrieved 19 April 2009. [dead link]
  44. ^ Nevell (1997), p. 100.
  45. ^ "Station Name: PARTINGTON (2nd site)". Disused Stations Site Record. Retrieved 30 October 2007. 
  46. ^ "Partington & Carrington Youth Partnership: History". Partington & Carrington Youth Partnership. Retrieved 21 April 2009. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Activities for children over the summer school holidays". Trafford.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2009. [dead link]
  48. ^ a b "£5m youth club plan". Manchester Evening News. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  49. ^ "New £5m youth centre for Partington". Messengernewspapers.co.uk. 15 March 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  50. ^ "Partington". Traffordleisure.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2009. [dead link]
  51. ^ "Planning and building control: listed buildings" (PDF). Trafford MBC. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  52. ^ "Our Lady of Lourdes RC Church, Partington, parish history". Our Lady of Lourdes RC Church, Partington. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  53. ^ "Catholic Diocese of Shrewsbury". Dioceseofshrewsbury.org. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  54. ^ "Churches in the Diocese of Chester". Chester.anglican.org. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 

Bibliography

External links[edit]