Partizanskaya (Moscow Metro)
Partizanskaya (Партизанская), known until 2005 as Izmailovsky Park, is a station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was built during World War II (it opened in 1944) and is dedicated to the Soviet partisans who resisted the Nazis. The name was changed on the 60th anniversary of Soviet victory to better reflect the theme of the station. The station's design was the work of architect Vilenskiy.
Partizanskaya is an unusual three-track layout with two island platforms. The centre track was built to handle crowds from a nearby stadium that was planned but never built because of the war. The centre track is still used during peak hours and for the trains heading to the Izmailovo depot. There is one row of pillars per platform. Both the walls and pillars of the station are faced with white marble and decorated with bas-reliefs honouring the partisans. The two pillars closest to the exit stairs are adorned with statues: Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya on the left and Matvey Kuzmin on the right.
The circular ceiling niche at the foot of the stairs originally contained a fresco by A.D. Goncharov, though this has since been painted over. At the top of the stairs is a sculptural group by Matvey Manizer entitled "Partisans" and bearing the inscription "To partisans and partisan glory!".
Station's original name was "Izmailovsky park kul'tury i otdyha imeni Stalina" (English: Stalin Ismailovsky Park of Culture and Leisure). It was changed to "Izmailovskaya" in 1948. In 1961, new station, named "Izmailovsky Park" at the time of its opening, was introduced. And in 1963, names of stations "Izmailovskaya" and "Izmailovsky Park" were switched, reason being which station was closer to the actual park's main entrance.
The 2005's rename to "Partizanskaya" has been mentioned in the open letter of a resigning Moscow's toponymy commission member, as one of a number of then-recent renames with political causes rather than the historical toponymy upholding ones.
- "Руфь Агеева: Об истории скандального переименования строящейся станции метрополитена 'Братеево' в 'Алма-Атинскую'" ["On the story of metro station under construction controversially being renamed from "Brateevo" to "Alma-Atinskaya"]. Ruf Ageeva (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. June 26-27, 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012.