Party of Democratic Action

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Party of Democratic Action
Stranka demokratske akcije
Leader Bakir Izetbegović
General Secretary Amir Zukić
Presidium Halid Genjac
Founder Alija Izetbegović
Slogan "U jedinstvu je snaga!"
"Power is in unity!"
Founded 26 May 1990
Headquarters Mehmeda Spahe 14, Sarajevo
Youth wing Youth Association SDA
Ideology Bosniak nationalism[1][2]
Islamism[3][4]
[5][6][7]
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)[8]
Colours Green
Anthem "Ja sin sam tvoj, zemljo"
HoR BiH
10 / 42
HoP BiH
3 / 15
HoR FBiH
29 / 98
HoP FBiH
10 / 58
Assembly of RS
4 / 83
Website
www.sda.ba
Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political parties
Elections

The Party of Democratic Action (Bosnian: Stranka demokratske akcije or SDA) is a Bosniak political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[9]

History[edit]

The Party of Democratic Action (SDA) was founded on 26 May 1990 in Sarajevo. It was a realisation of Alija Izetbegović's idea of an Islamic religious and national party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The SDA was founded as a "party of Muslim cultural-historic circle". At first, the party avoided national or religious label in multinational SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, however, SDA was evidently a Muslim party, which the party's founders openly declared. Many members of the Islamic Community and imams took part in the party's foundation.[10] Party has it's roots in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, a conservative Bosniak party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the fall of communism in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it has branches in Croatia and Serbia (Sandžak region).

In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in the opposition for the first time since its 1990 creation.[11][clarification needed]

The party has branches in Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Kosovo and the Republic of Macedonia. In Montenegro the party merged with smaller Bosniak and Slavic Muslim parties and created the Bosniak Party.

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

After the Bosnian general election, 2014, SDA became once again the largest party in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cantonal election results[edit]

Cantonal election Cantonal Assembly
Una-Sana Posavina Tuzla Zenica-Doboj Bosnian Podrinje Goražde Central Bosnia Herzegovina-Neretva West Herzegovina Sarajevo Canton 10 Total won / Total contested
2006
12 / 30
2 / 21
12 / 35
13 / 35
9 / 25
8 / 30
6 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
74 / 289
2010
7 / 30
2 / 21
10 / 35
10 / 35
6 / 25
6 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
7 / 35
2 / 25
55 / 289
2014
10 / 30
3 / 21
13 / 35
11 / 35
6 / 25
8 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
68 / 289

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 31.
  2. ^ Eralp 2012, p. 28.
  3. ^ Babić 2014, p. 128.
  4. ^ Farmer 2010, p. 126.
  5. ^ Krieger 2012, p. 102.
  6. ^ Tottoli 2014, p. 81.
  7. ^ Filipović 28 July 2000.
  8. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 92.
  9. ^ James, Ron (2003). Frontiers and ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel. University of California Press. p. 218. ISBN 9780520236578. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  10. ^ Perica 2004, p. 87.
  11. ^ Al-Azmeh, Aziz (2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity, and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 9780521860116. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
Books
  • Babić, Marko (2014). Milosevic, Marko; Rekawek, Kacper, eds. Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders. Amsterdam: IOS Press. ISBN 9781614993872. 
  • Eralp, Doğa Ulaş (2012). Politics of the European Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Between Conflict and Democracy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739149478. 
  • Farmer, Brian R. (2010). Radical Islam in the West: Ideology and Challenge. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 9780786462100. 
  • Krieger, Joel (2012). The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199738595. 
  • Perica, Vjekoslav (2004). Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195174298. 
  • Šedo, Jakub (2013). "The party system of Bosnia and Herzegovina". In Stojarová, Vera; Emerson, Peter. Party Politics in the Western Balkans. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781135235857. 
  • Tottili, Roberto (2014). Routledge Handbook of Islam in the West. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781317744023. 
Other sources

External links[edit]