Party of Democratic Action
|Party of Democratic Action|
|Stranka demokratske akcije|
|Founded||26 May 1990|
|Headquarters||Mehmeda Spahe 14, 71000 Sarajevo|
|Youth wing||Youth Association SDA|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|House of Representatives of Federation|
|House of Peoples of Federation|
|Two schools under one roof dissolution board|
|Mostar city council|
|Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Party of Democratic Action was founded in May 1990 by Alija Izetbegović, presently representing the Bosniaks and other Slavic Muslim population in Bosnia and Herzegovina and former Yugoslavia. The SDA party was the first Bosniak (then Muslim by nationality) party of national orientation in Yugoslavia since the multiparty system was outlawed in 1945 by the Communist Yugoslav Leadership. The party has its origins in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, which was the largest conservative Bosniak party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the fall of communism in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it has branches in Croatia and Serbia (Sandžak region).
The party was criticized during the Bosnian war by Serbian and Croatian politicians and some Bosniaks. On the other hand, unlike the treatment by members of the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) and the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) of minorities in their respective areas of control during the Bosnian War, the SDA party reportedly did not engage in organized persecution of Serbs and Croats in the areas under its control. Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches in Bihać, Sarajevo, Tuzla, Zenica and other cities remained intact throughout the war, compared to more than 800 mosques destroyed by the Croatian and Serbian nationalists.
In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in the opposition for the first time since its 1990 creation.
The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).
At the legislative elections held on 3 October 2010, the party won the following posts:
- The Bosniak seat in the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina went to Bakir Izetbegović
- 7 out of 42 seats in the House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- 23 out of 98 seats in the House of Representatives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 1 out of 2 Vice Presidential seats in Republika srpska.
- 2 out of 83 seats in the National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska.
- 10 out of 35 seats in the assembly of the Zenica-Doboj Canton
- 10 out of 35 seats in the assembly of the Tuzla Canton
- 7 out of 30 seats in the assembly of the Una-Sana Canton
- 7 out of 35 seats in the assembly of the Sarajevo Canton
- 6 out of 25 seats in the assembly of the Bosnian Podrinje Canton
- 6 out of 30 seats in the assembly of the Central Bosnia Canton
- 5 out of 30 seats in the assembly of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton
- 2 out of 21 seats in the assembly of the Posavina Canton
- 2 out of 10 seats in the assembly of Canton 10
- The party won none of the 23 seats in the assembly of West Herzegovina Canton
The SDA made major gains in the 2012 elections.
- Motyl, Alexander J. (2001). Encyclopedia of Nationalism, Volume II. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-227230-7.
- "Allmänna val, valresultat". Statistics Sweden.
- James, Ron (2003). Frontiers and ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel.. University of California Press. p. 218. ISBN 9780520236578. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Thus, in 1994, Slavko Santić, a commentator for the Sarajevo daily Oslobodenje, was quoted in The New York Times as saying: "The Party of Democratic Action is on its way to becoming a totalitarian party, just like the Communists were. We have no political opposition to speak of here, police are everywhere, and state jobs increasingly require party membership. Modern, democratic Europe has to get rid of President Izetbegovic, because there will be no peace and no elections as long as he is in office." - 
- Bosnian Heritage Destruction Report
- Al-Azmeh, Aziz (2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity, and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 9780521860116. Retrieved 2009-06-18.