Parwan, Victoria

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Parwan
Victoria
Parwan is located in Shire of Moorabool
Parwan
Parwan
Coordinates 37°43′S 144°27′E / 37.717°S 144.450°E / -37.717; 144.450Coordinates: 37°43′S 144°27′E / 37.717°S 144.450°E / -37.717; 144.450
Population 312 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 3340
Location
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Melton
Federal Division(s)
Localities around Parwan:
Maddingley Bacchus Marsh Hopetoun Park
Brookfield
Rowsley Parwan Eynesbury
Exford
Balliang Balliang East Eynesbury

Parwan is a town in Victoria, Australia, 45 km west of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government areas are the Shires of Melton and Moorabool. At the 2011 Census, Parwan had a population of 312.

Its major area lies within the local government area of the Shire of Moorabool; part is within the Shire of Melton.

History[edit]

Parwan railway station opened on the Ararat railway line in 1886 and closed in the 1980s.

Parwan Railway Station Post Office opened on 1 September 1886, was renamed Parwan in 1914 and closed in 1962.[2]

Parwan Valley[edit]

The Parwan Valley lies between the Brisbane Ranges, Werribee Gorge State Park and the You Yangs. Its nearest town is Bacchus Marsh. The Valley was used as farming land from the mid-1850s onwards, but after several decades of agricultural abuse the soils became extremely saline causing erosion all around the valley. By 1948 it was estimated that erosion in the valley had reduced the holding capacity of the nearby Melton Reservoir by 20%. The Victorian Government compulsorily acquired the land and has been attempting to rescue the valley ever since.

At the center of the valley is White Elephant Ridge which demonstrates the effects of soil erosion. The valley was originally a seabed. 250 million years ago after the sea receded volcanic activity caused the valley to fault and drop down leaving two large escarpments on either side. Two creeks run through the valley, Parwan Creek to the west and Spring Creek to the east.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Parwan (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  2. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11