Pas-de-Calais' 11th constituency

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11th constituency of the Pas-de-Calais
Flag of France.svg  French National Assembly
circonscription
Pas-de-Calais'11thConstituency.png
Pas-de-Calais' 9th constituency shown within Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Deputy       Philippe Kemel
PS
Department Pas-de-Calais
Canton Carvin, Courrières, Hénin-Beaumont, Leforest, Montigny-en-Gohelle, Rouvroy
Voters 89,833


The 11th constituency of the Pas-de-Calais is a French legislative constituency in the Pas-de-Calais département.

Description[edit]

For the 2012 election, the constituency attracted nationwide and international attention, as, for the first time, two candidates from the recently held presidential election stood as candidates there: Marine Le Pen of the National Front and Jean-Luc Mélenchon of the Left Front. Le Pen is an opposition member of the (Socialist) town council in Hénin-Beaumont, the largest town in the constituency, since 2007 while Mélenchon has argued that the Pas-de-Calais is "the birthplace of the workers movement in France and should not be abandoned to the far-right". Opinion polls a month before the election suggested Le Pen would finish first in the first round, in which the left is divided between several parties, but would be beaten by Kemel or Mélenchon in the second round, with the Left Front potentially taking the constituency from the locally embattled Socialists.[1] [2] [3] [4] The Le Pen-Mélenchon duel attracted international media attention, including for what it revealed of attitudes and expectations in an area of northern France hit hard by deindustrialisation and unemployment. The Guardian noted that, in that regard, "Mélenchon blames what he sees as pernicious free-market capitalism and bankers; Le Pen points the finger at immigrants and Europe".[5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

Historic Representation[edit]

The seat has traditionally been held by the left. In 1988, Socialist candidate Noël Josèphe had been the only candidate in the second round, which he won unopposed. In 1993, the seat went to the Communist Rémy Auchedé; the Socialists retook it in 1997 with Marcel Cabiddu. He too was unopposed in the second round. He was re-elected in 2002. Upon his death in 2004, the seat went to his suppléante Odette Duriez, who then won the 2007 election.[12]

Election Member Party
1986 Proportional representation - no election by constituency
1988 Noël Josèphe PS
1993 Rémy Auchedé PCF
1997 Marcel Cabiddu PS
2002
2004 (Cabiddu's death) Odette Duriez PS
2007
2012 Philippe Kemel PS

Election results[edit]

2012[edit]

The Union for a Popular Movement is not presenting a candidate of its own, and has, instead, endorsed as candidate a member of the Democratic Movement, Jean Urbaniak.[13] Urbaniak is officially standing as an independent candidate of the centre-right.[14]

A debate was organised between the five "main" candidates (alphabetically: Kemel, Le Pen, Mélenchon, Tondelier and Urbaniak) on the regional edition of the France 3 television channel.[14] [15]

Legislative Election 2012: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PS Philippe Kemel 26,814 50.11
FN Marine Le Pen 26,696 49.89
Turnout 55,683 59.15
PS hold Swing
Legislative Election 2012: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 1st round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
FN Marine Le Pen 22,460 42.26
PS Philippe Kemel 12,609 23.72
FG Jean-Luc Mélenchon 11,406 21.46
Miscellaneous right Jean Urbaniak 4,179 7.86
EELV Marine Tondelier 849 1.60
DLR Michel Vast 488 0.92
TCNE Murielle Richet 331 0.62
LO Nathalie Hubert 330 0.62
NPA Séverine Duval 177 0.33
M'PEP Michèle Dessenne 94 0.18
Independent Ecological Alliance Mohamed Bousnane 85 0.16
Radical Left Rachida Sahraoui 80 0.15
Growth Objectors Pierre Rose 61 0.11
Miscellaneous Green Daniel Cuchiarro 0 0.00
Turnout 54,124 57.50

2007[edit]

Legislative Election 2007: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PS Odette Duriez 32,595 61.66 -7.37
UMP Myriam Wonterghem 20,265 38.34 n/a
Turnout 55,319 57.24 -3.96
PS hold Swing -7.37
Legislative Election 2007: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 1st round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PS Odette Duriez 18,476 33.62 30.16 + 3.46
UMP Myriam Wonterghem 14,368 26.14 +12.68
FN Éric Iorio 5,201 9.46 -12.01
PCF Jean Clarisse 4,805 8.74 n/a
UDF Jean-Philippe Boonaert 3,385 6.16 -2.85
Revolutionary Communist League Séverine Duval 1972 3.59 +2.05
The Greens Jacques Switalski 1,518 2.76 +0.14
Movement for France Martine Lefebure Thevenet 1,295 2.36 +1.24
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Traditions Rosemonde Lefrancq 1,022 1.86 +0.09
LO Régis Scheenaerts 1,010 1.84 -0.42
Miscellaneous Green Murielle Richet 1,004 1.83
Miscellaneous right Philippe Morin 906 1.65 n/a
Turnout 56,629 58.59 -2.61

2002[edit]

Two candidates stood under the Communist label, including former MP Rémy Auchedé (now a dissident), but neither was endorsed by the Communist Party.[12]

Legislative Election 2002: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PS Marcel Cabiddu 32,078 69.03
FN Éric Iorio 14,390 30.97
Turnout 51,673 56.25
PS hold Swing
Legislative Election 2002: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 1st round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PS Marcel Cabiddu 16,404 30.16
FN Éric Iorio 10,047 18.47
UMP Myriam Wonterghem Billiaux 7,322 13.46
Communist Rémy Auchedé 6,303 11.59
UDF Annie Delannoy Jumez 4,899 9.01
Communist Muriel Dutrieu 1,750 3.22
The Greens Jacques Switalski 1,423 2.62
LO Régis Scheenaerts 1,229 2.26
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Traditions Chantal Créton 960 1.77
Other Cathy Burgeat 902 1.66
Revolutionary Communist League Séverine Duval 835 1.54
National Republican Movement Marcel Part 644 1.18
Movement for France Bernadette Dury 611 1.12
Miscellaneous right David Masson 573 1.05
Miscellaneous Green Catherine Lebrun 304 0.56
Miscellaneous Green Éliane Stegner 182 0.33
Turnout 56,223 61.20

1997[edit]

Legislative Election 1997: Pas-de-Calais 11th - 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PS Marcel Cabiddu unopposed
Turnout
PS gain from PCF Swing

Sources[edit]

References[edit]