A partial view of the theater auditorium
|Address||39 S. El Molino Ave
|Owner||Pasadena Playhouse State Theatre of California, Inc.|
A. Dwight Gibbs
|Architectural style||Spanish Colonial Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||75000435|
|Added to NRHP||November 11, 1975|
The Pasadena Playhouse is a historic performing arts venue located 39 S. El Molino Avenue in Pasadena, California. The 686-seat auditorium produces a variety of cultural and artistic events, professional shows, and community engagements each year.
Beginning around 1912, the period known as the Little Theatre Movement developed in cities and towns across the United States. The artistic community that founded the Pasadena Playhouse was started in 1916 when actor-director Gilmor Brown began producing a series of plays at a renovated burlesque theatre with his troupe "The Gilmore Brown Players". Brown established the Community Playhouse Association of Pasadena in 1917 that would later become the Pasadena Playhouse Association, which necessitated a new venue for productions.
The community theatre organization quickly grew and in May 1924, the citizens of Pasadena raised funds to build a new theatre in the city center at 39 South El Molino Avenue. Completed in 1925, the theater was designed in a Spanish Colonial Revival style by Pasadena artist and architect Elmer Grey, with a fire curtain painted by Pasadena artist Alson S. Clark.
Its non-professional, community beginnings and the tremendous amount of local support for the project led George Bernard Shaw to dub Pasadena "the Athens of the West", likening the enterprise to the ancient Festival Dionysia.
The building that was designed by Grey and built by the Winter Construction Co. drew the attention of the nation, bringing Southern California world premieres by authors such as Eugene O'Neill, William Saroyan, Noël Coward, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Tennessee Williams, as well as many English language premieres of significant Continental dramas. The Playhouse was recognized by the Legislature as the State Theatre of California in 1937 after the laudable achievement of having performed the entire Shakespeare canon on a single stage for the first time in the United States.
A school of theatre arts was established in the late 1920s that became an accredited college by 1937, eventually training such notable talents as Raymond Burr, Victor Mature, Ernest Borgnine, Eleanor Parker, Charles Bronson, Mako, Jamie Farr, Gene Hackman, Dustin Hoffman, Sally Struthers and others. During the school years, the Playhouse was very active, having as many as five independent stages in operation at any given time, giving 306–322 performances annually on the main stage alone. In order to provide housing for the many students, older homes along El Molino Avenue were modified to become dormitories.
The varied staging capabilities offered by its five venues led the Playhouse to become one of the first companies in California to experiment with new theatrical forms such as theater-in-the-round. The Playhouse also built and operated one of the first television stations in Southern California. In addition to training the Air Force to use television and radio equipment, the Pasadena Playhouse supplied the majority of Southern California's early TV stations with the first trained technicians in the business.
Due to changes in Actors' Equity Association laws, and the opening of drama departments in many schools and universities across the country, the School of Theatre Arts shut down in 1969. Later that year, after the death of founding director Gilmor Brown, the theatre itself went bankrupt. After six years, the city bought the building in 1975 and later transferred it to real estate developer David Houk. After 17 years of lying dormant, he relaunched the theater in 1986 as a place to develop shows that would tour other California venues. While the Pasadena Playhouse reopened for use as a community theatre, the acting school remained closed. Over the next twenty years, the theatre staged classic drama, new musicals and plays, and integrated itself as an educational facility, slowly regaining a prominent place in the national theater scene to become a major operation of over 8 million dollars a year by 2008.
Notable alumni and players
- Martha Allan
- John Alvin
- Morris Ankrum
- Dana Andrews
- Eve Arden
- Angela Bassett
- Wayne Brady
- Henry Brandon
- Charles Bronson
- Raymond Burr
- Ruth Buzzi
- Youssef Chahine
- Jack T. Chick
- Maxine Cooper Gomberg
- Henry Darrow
- Frances Dee
- Don DeFore
- Bill Erwin
- Jamie Farr
- Yvonne Lime Fedderson
- Dabbs Greer
- Gene Hackman
- William Henry
- Samuel S. Hinds
- Dustin Hoffman
- Earl Holliman
- Carolyn Jones
- Victor Jory
- Celia Kaye
- Kerwin Mathews
- Victor Mature
- Tyler MacDuff
- Rue McClanahan
- Joyce Meadows
- Eve McVeagh
- Douglass Montgomery
- Wayne Morris
- Leonard Nimoy
- Lloyd Nolan
- Nick Nolte
- Moroni Olsen
- Eleanor Parker
- Tyrone Power
- Robert Preston
- George Reeves
- Barbara Rush
- Onslow Stevens
- Sally Struthers
- Randolph Scott
- Ralph Senensky
- Paul Sorensen
- Harry Dean Stanton
- Gloria Stuart
- Robert Taylor
- George Tobias
- Toni Trucks
- Daniel Truhitte
- Frank Wilcox
- Meg Wyllie
- Jo Anne Worley
- Gig Young
- Robert Young
Awards and Nominations
|2009 Ovation Awards||Stormy Weather||3||0|
|2011 Ovation Awards||Twist – An American Musical||5||2||Won for Scenic Design and Costume Design|
|2012 Ovation Awards||The Heiress||2||0|
|2013 Ovation Awards||Fallen Angels (play)||5||0|
2010-2011 financial situation
Regardless of continued recent critical acclaim of the Playhouse, and despite its steadily popular and ambitious season schedules, the theater had a history of financial difficulties since its reopening in the 1980s. Saddled with millions of dollars worth of debt from earlier unforeseen expenditures during the theater's restoration, the Playhouse's operators struggled with balancing interest and loan repayments with increasing running costs.
On January 29, 2010, the Los Angeles Times announced that, due to financial difficulties, the theater would close on February 7 after its run of the musical Camelot and cancel the remaining 2010 season. On May 11, 2010, the Pasadena Playhouse filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and announced an intention to restructure its operations to reduce its debt burden.
After less than four months, on July 7, 2010, it emerged from bankruptcy after a multi-million dollar anonymous matching fund contribution toward operating costs and judicially approved debt cancellation. The Pasadena Playhouse also reduced paid staff to essential upper level administration, keeping the Artistic Director Sheldon Epps as coordinator for the rest of the planned consolidation. Director Epps announced through an interview with the LA Times that the shake-up is intended to put the theater back on solid financial footing and ensure the Playhouse's survival into the future. The Playhouse released a tentative Fall/Winter season schedule including one new production of Dangerous Beauty slated for January 2011. Plans for a new extension and 400 seat venue designed pro bono by Frank Gehry that was announced in 2007 were not confirmed to be moving forward despite its possibility as a revenue stream and the strong donation campaign already in place for its construction.
The Pasadena Playhouse intends to continue events slowly with a reduced operating schedule and has already announced a new fundraising campaign. The Playhouse operates under a nonprofit, LORT-B designated regional theatre status. While traditionally it produced six plays annually on its mainstage, under the new guidelines the season will go through a possible reduction to under 4 productions into the foreseeable future. A majority of the subscribers donated the rest of their season back to the theater rather than requesting refunds, recusing the theater of over a million dollars in possible financial liability. Epps has said that as the debt burden is lifted these steps will allow the theater to carefully and responsibly rebuild the company.
On April 1, 2011 the Playhouse held a "Premiere Gala: Opening Night" to celebrate its newfound financial solvency and announce next year's productions.
- Bryer, Jackson. ed. The Theatre We Worked For. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1982. p. 9. ISBN 0-300-02583-1
- NSTATE, LLC: http://www.n-state.com. "California State Theater, Pasadena Playhouse, from". Netstate.Com. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- Morrison, Patt (February 26, 2010). "Sheldon Epps: Play it again". The Los Angeles Times.
- "California State Library - History and Culture - State Symbols". Library.ca.gov. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Pasadena Playhouse (theatre, Pasadena, California, United States) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- Historic Pasadena: An Illustrated History.
- Hollywood: the movie lover's guide : the ultimate insider tour to movie L.A. By Richard Alleman
- "Culture Monster". The Los Angeles Times. February 11, 2010.
- "Pasadena Playhouse Closes – has the domino effect begun? Is this the first of many?". off-stage right. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Culture Monster". The Los Angeles Times. July 8, 2010.
- Harris, Mike (2009-03-22). "John Alvin: veteran stage, film, television actor, 91". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- Parish, James Robert; Leonard, William T. (1976). Hollywood Players: The Thirties. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House Publishers. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0-87000-365-8.
- "Maxine Cooper". The Daily Telegraph. 2009-04-20. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- "Actor Don De Fore Devoted Family Man". The Montreal Gazette. November 28, 1962. p. 11.
- "Biography for Tyler MacDuff". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- Staff, Variety (01/05/1998). "Eve McVeagh Gordon dies at 78". Variety. Check date values in:
- Kaufman, Dave (1968). TV 69: Who's Who, What's What in the New TV Season (mass market paperback). New York: Signet. p. 137.
- "Actor Paul Sorensen dies at 82". Variety Magazine. 2008-07-22.
- "Biography of Frank Wilcox". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "The Pasadena Playhouse Receives Twelve Ovation Awards Nominations - Los Angeles Sentinel | HighBeam Research - FREE trial". Highbeam.com. 1998-10-21. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- Boehm, Mike (2010-01-30). "LA Times article on closure of Pasadena Playhouse". Latimes.com. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Pasadena Playhouse files Chapter 11 petition". Los Angeles Times. May 11, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- Morrison, Patt (February 26, 2010). "Sheldon Epps: Play it again". The Los Angeles Times.
- "Culture Monster". The Los Angeles Times. July 19, 2010.
- "Pasadena Playhouse Receives Donation From Acclaimed Architect Frank Gehry to Begin a Two-Phase Design Project of the Carrie Hamilton Theatre in Honor of Carol Burnett and Her Late Daughter. - PR Newswire | HighBeam Research: Online Press Releases". Highbeam.com. 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Pasadena Playhouse ready for Act 2". Pasadena Star-News. 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Pasadena Playhouse announces first new production in months | 89.3 KPCC". Scpr.org. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- Pasadena Outlook, Vol. 5 No. 9