Pasamalar

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Pasamalar
Pasamalar.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed by A. Bhimsingh
Produced by M. R. Santhanam
K. Mohan (Mohan Arts)
Written by Aarur Dass (dialogues)
Screenplay by A. Bhimsingh
Story by K. P. Kottarakara
Starring Sivaji Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
Savitri
M. N. Rajam
K. A. Thangavelu
Music by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
Cinematography G. Vittal Rao
Edited by A. Bhimsingh
A. Paul Duraisingh
R. Thirumalai
Production
company
Rajamani Pictures
Distributed by Sivaji Productions
Release dates
  • 27 May 1961 (1961-05-27)
[1]
Running time 180 mins
Country India India
Language Tamil

Pasamalar (English: The Flower of Love) is a 1961 Tamil melodrama film directed by A. Bhimsingh.[2] It features Sivaji Ganesan and Savithri in lead roles, while Gemini Ganesan, K. A. Thangavelu, M. N. Rajam and M. N. Nambiar play supporting roles. It tells the story of Rajasekhar and his bonding with his younger sister Radha. Radha falls in love with his brother's friend. Rajasekhar eventually arranges for their marriage. Problems they face forms the story.

The film was predominantly shot in Neptune Studios. The film was produced by M. R. Santhanam and K. Mohan under the production companies, Rajamani Pictures and Mohan Arts respectively. The film's original soundtrack was composed by M. S. Viswanathan and T. K. Ramamoorthy, while the lyrics were written by Kannadasan. The story for the film was written by K. P. Kottarakkara and the dialogues by Aaroor Dass. Pasamalar eventually became a trendsetter resulting in similar themes about brother sister relationship.

Paasa Malar holds the record for having been made in the most number of languages, including Sinhala.[3] It was remade in Hindi as Rakhi, in 1962, by Bhimsingh, starring Ashok Kumar, Waheeda Rehman and Pradeep Kumar. It was a major success & Ashok Kumar won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor & K.P. Kottarakara the Filmfare Award for Best Story. This film was again remade in Hindi in 1986 by Vijay Sadanah, as Aisa Pyaar Kahan with Jeetendra, Padmini Kolhapure, Jaya Prada and Mithun Chakraborty.[4] It was remade in Kannada as Vathsalya with Dr. Rajkumar.[5] It was remade in Telugu as Raktha Sambandham with N. T. Rama Rao. Pasamalar was released on 27 May 1961 and received critical acclaim with Ganesan and Savitri's performances being widely lauded. The film ran for over 100 days in theatres. The film also won Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature film at the 9th National Film Awards. A digitally restored version of Pasamalar was released on 15 August 2013 was well received commercially.

Plot[edit]

Rajasekhar (Sivaji Ganesan) becomes the guardian to his younger sister Radha (Savitri) after their parents’ death. The brother-sister duo love, care and adore each other and are inseparable. When the factory in which Rajasekhar works is shut down due to a labour problem and he is depressed, Radha gives him INR1000 which she had earned and saved by making toys. She advises him to use this money as seed capital and commence his own toy business. The dutiful brother follows his sister’s advice, starts a business and in a short time, becomes rich. Anand (Gemini Ganesan) an ex-colleague of Rajasekhar who earlier helped him to get a job in his old factory, is jobless and approaches Rajasekhar for work. Rajasekhar appoints him in his concern and over a period of time, Anand and Radha fall in love. Rajasekhar, who is very possessive of his sister, gets angry with Anand as he feels betrayed.

However, knowing how intensely Radha loves Anand, he arranges for their wedding. After the marriage, Anand, along with his aunt and cousin, move into Rajasekhar’s house. Rajasekhar marries Dr. Malathy (M. N. Rajam) on Radha’s suggestion. All of them continue to live under the same roof and several misunderstandings crop up. Anand’s aunt uses every opportunity to widen the rift between Malathy and Radha and Radha and Anand. Unable to witness Radha’s troubles, Rajasekhar moves out of the house with his wife, Through Radha, Anand’s aunt serves a legal notice to Rajasekhar, demanding a share in the property for Radha. Malathy files a counter petition and the property is attached by the court, pending resolution. Unable to see Radha’s sufferings, Rajasekhar withdraws the case. Still the families don’t unite. Radha delivers a girl and Malathy delivers a boy. After her child’s birth, Malathy goes abroad for further studies, leaving the child with Rajasekhar.

Unable to cope with the separation from his sister and to have peace of mind, Rajasekhar goes on a pilgrimage for several months. He returns on Diwali day and goes to meet Radha, but is denied entry by Anand’s aunt. While going back, he saves a little girl from getting burnt by fire crackers and in the process, loses his eyesight. He is hospitalised and Radha rushes to the hospital to see her brother. Rajasekhar learns that the girl he saved is none other than his niece. Unable to cope with his inability to see them, he dies; Radha too dies holding his hand. The duo becomes an epitome of brother-sister relationship. In the shadow of their deaths, the children unite and seek their heavenly blessings.

Cast[edit]

Crew[edit]

Production[edit]

The story for Paasa Malar was written by K. P. Kottakara.[6] He went around telling the story to many, but none came forward to make it as a film. He tried to meet Bhimsingh several times, who was so busy that they could not meet. Finally, Kottakara sent him a chit saying he had a new script based on "brother-sister love" and met him during the lunch break of his shooting, then became emotional after listening to the story and agreed to make it as a film.[7] The film was produced by One of the closest friends of Sivaji Ganesan, Mr.K.Mohan (The Mohan Arts) who is the owner of the famous 'The Mohan Arts'(Cine Banner/Cutout Company) which is functioning since 1951 in chennai .He produced the film under the Banner of 'Rajamani Pictures' which is Sivaji's mother's name as a tribute to her. Along with him, Mr.M.R.Santhanam was a co-producer. Mr. Mohan was also the 'Art Director' of the film. Aarurdas who wrote dialogues for dubbed films made his debut as dialogue writer and he went on to wrote dialogues for all the films of Sivaji.[8] Few scenes were shot at Sivaji's home in T. Nagar and the location was used for other Sivaji starrers.[9]

Awards[edit]

The film won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil - Certificate of Merit for the Second Best Feature Film in 1962.[10]

Homemedia[edit]

Pasamalar was released in DVD by Raj Video Vision.[11] Pasamalar was also included alongside various Sivaji-starrers in a compilation DVD 8 Ulaga Adhisayam Sivaji, which was released in May 2012.[12]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music composed by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy.[13] "Vaarayen Thozhi Vaarayo", is still played in many Tamil weddings, it was composed in Abheri Raga.[14] The song provided major breakthrough for its playback singer LR Eeswari.[15]

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 Anbu Malar M. S. Viswanathan Kannadasan 02:25
2 Engalukkum Kaalam Varum T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela 03:30
3 Malargalai Pol Thangai (Sad) T. M. Soundararajan 01:58
4 Malargalai Pol Thangai T. M. Soundararajan 05:24
5 Malarnthum Malaradha T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela 05:10
6 Mayangugiraal P. Susheela 04:00
7 Paatondru Jamuna Rani 04:32
8 Vaarayen Thozhi L. R. Eswari 05:30
9 Yaar Yaar Aval P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela 04:02

Legacy[edit]

Footage of Paasa Malar is featured in the 2011 Tamil film Velayudham.[16] Footage of the song Malarnthu malaratha is featured in the opening scene of Jigarthanda (2014).[17]

The film became a trendsetter and inspired similar themes of brother-sister relationships. In July 2007, S. R. Ashok Kumar of The Hindu asked eight Tamil film directors to list their all-time favourite Tamil films; four of them - K. Balachander, Balu Mahendra, Mani Ratnam, K. S. Ravikumar - named "Pasamalar" as one of the favourite films in Tamil. K. S. Ravikumar said "As a kid I saw ‘Pasamalar’ and cried. As an adult, each time I have seen it I was moved to tears. That is the power of the script and the performance of lead players".[18] On 2007, during Raksha Bandhan, Behindwoods wrote:"The mother of all Brother sister relationship movies, A landmark movie and a heart wrenching brother sister story.[19] Samy remarked that his directorial Kangaroo (2014) is a "modern day Pasamalar".[20]

Pasamalar has been parodied and referenced many times. The dialogue from this film "En Kannaye Unkitta Oppadaikaren, Adhula ennikume Anandakanneera naan pakkanum, Manjal Kungumamthoda Nee Needoozhi Vazhavendum" (I am giving my sister to you, she should always shed happy tears, you should live long with prosperity) became one of the famous dialogues in the film. In the comedy scene from Rajakumaran (1994), Vadivelu remarks the dialogue to Senthil who has married his sister.[21] This dialogue appears in the song "Sakkarakattikku" from Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu (1986) in which a small boy utters imagining the marriage of Radha.[22] In a comedy scene from Magudam (1993), Senthil utters the dialogue in a lighter vein to his sister. Goundamani who has married his sister is irritated that the lady is blackish in colour and she doesn't deserve these words.[23] In Thai Porandachu (2000), Vivek sings "Malargalai Pol Thangai" in a lighter vein after hearing the sob story of his tenant.[24] In Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham (1999), Vivek sings the same song after hearing that the lady sweeper is married.[25] In Thangam (2008), Sathyaraj sings the same song to his sister just like Sivaji's character from the film.[26] In Thoranai (2009), when Paravai Muniyamma and Mayilsamy falls down unconscious reminiscient of the film's climax, Santhanam jokingly remarks that as if there are the brother-sister pair from "Pasamalar".[27] An unrelated television serial of the same name produced by Home Media Makers and directed by Azhagar was aired on Sun TV.[28]

On 19 August 2013, a day before Raksha Bandhan, film historian/actor Mohan Raman tweeted, "Happy Pasa Malar /Mullum Malarum Day—honour that brother-sister relationship", referencing both the films which received praise for their depictions of a brother-sister relationship".[29]

The songs of the film has inspired film titles - Mayangukiral Oru Maadhu (1975), Paattondru Ketten (1992) and Engalukkum Kaalam Varum (2001)

Re-release[edit]

A digitally restored version of Pasamalar was released on 15 August 2013.[30] M. Suganth of The Times of India rated it a perfect 5 out of 5, saying "The restoration, cinemascope and audio conversion are pretty good while the trimming (by veteran editor Lenin, Bhimsingh's son) manages to retain the continuity to a large extent."[31] The Digital conversion was done by Prasad EFX, Chennai.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pasamalar Release". nadigarthilagam. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  2. ^ "Pasamalar". gomolo. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  3. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/cinema/a-paean-to-sibling-love/article4985415.ece
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ http://kannadamoviesinfo.wordpress.com/2013/04/07/vathsalya-1965/
  6. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/film-producer-kp-kottarakara-dead/article3050793.ece
  7. ^ G. Dhananjayan (2011). The Best of Tamil Cinema: 1931 to 1976. Galatta Media. p. 202. 
  8. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/cinema/star-wordsmith/article2923705.ece
  9. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-downtown/tnagar-and-tinsel-town/article2725087.ece
  10. ^ "9th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  11. ^ http://www.amazon.com/Pasamalar-Original-Tamil-Fully-Sealed/dp/B00ECI14DI
  12. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-cinemaplus/for-the-love-of-sivaji/article3413602.ece
  13. ^ "Pasamalar Songs". raaga. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  14. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/a-ragas-journey-aspects-of-abheri/article2325286.ece
  15. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-cinemaplus/role-play/article2463283.ece
  16. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-04-24/news-interviews/29468691_1_vijay-film-velayudham
  17. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/tamil/movie-reviews/Jigarthanda/movie-review/39436452.cms
  18. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20141011060705/http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-fridayreview/article2272999.ece
  19. ^ http://www.behindwoods.com/tamil-movies-slide-shows/movie-1/raksha-bandhan/pasa-malar.html
  20. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/tamil/movies/news/Kangaroo-A-modern-day-pasa-malar/articleshow/22762720.cms
  21. ^ Rajakumaran DVD
  22. ^ Mella Thirandhathu Kanavu (DVD)
  23. ^ Magudam DVD
  24. ^ Thai Porandaachu
  25. ^ Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham DVD
  26. ^ Thangam DVD
  27. ^ Thoranai DVD
  28. ^ http://www.sunnetwork.in/program-details.aspx?IProgramID=ULylBlx6OQk=&ShowType=Category
  29. ^ https://twitter.com/actormohanraman/status/369701084685549568
  30. ^ http://newstodaynet.com/newsindex.php?id=31330%20&%20section=11
  31. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/regional/tamil/movie-reviews/Pasa-Malar/movie-review/21875410.cms

External links[edit]