|Directed by||A. Bhimsingh|
|Produced by||M. R. Santhanam
K. Mohan (Mohan Arts)
|Written by||Aarur Dass (dialogues)|
|Screenplay by||A. Bhimsingh|
|Story by||K. P. Kottarakara|
M. N. Rajam
K. A. Thangavelu
|Cinematography||G. Vittal Rao|
|Edited by||A. Bhimsingh
A. Paul Duraisingh
|Distributed by||Sivaji Productions|
Pasamalar (English: The Flower of Love) is a 1961 Tamil melodrama film directed by A. Bhimsingh. It features Sivaji Ganesan and Savithri in lead roles, while Gemini Ganesan, K. A. Thangavelu, M. N. Rajam and M. N. Nambiar play supporting roles. It tells the story of Rajasekhar and his bonding with his younger sister Radha. Radha falls in love with his brother's friend. Rajasekhar eventually arranges for their marriage. Problems they face form the story.
The film was predominantly shot in Neptune Studios. The film was produced by M. R. Santhanam and K. Mohan under the production companies, Rajamani Pictures and Mohan Arts respectively. The film's original soundtrack was composed by M. S. Viswanathan and T. K. Ramamoorthy, while the lyrics were written by Kannadasan. The story for the film was written by K. P. Kottarakkara and the dialogues by Aaroor Dass. Pasamalar eventually became a trendsetter resulting in similar themes about brother sister relationship.
Pasamalar was released on 27 May 1961 and received critical acclaim with Ganesan and Savitri's performances being widely lauded. The film ran for over 100 days in theatres. The film also won Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature film at the 9th National Film Awards. A digitally restored version of Pasamalar was released on 15 August 2013 was well received commercially.
Rajasekhar (Sivaji Ganesan) becomes the guardian to his younger sister Radha (Savitri) after their parents’ death. The brother-sister duo love, care and adore each other and are inseparable. When the factory in which Rajasekhar works is shut down due to a labour problem and he is depressed, Radha gives him ₹1000 which she had earned and saved by making toys. She advises him to use this money as seed capital and commence his own toy business. The dutiful brother follows his sister’s advice, starts a business and in a short time, becomes rich. Anand (Gemini Ganesan) an ex-colleague of Rajasekhar who earlier helped him to get a job in his old factory, is jobless and approaches Rajasekhar for work. Rajasekhar appoints him in his concern and over a period of time, Anand and Radha fall in love. Rajasekhar, who is very possessive of his sister, gets angry with Anand as he feels betrayed.
However, knowing how intensely Radha loves Anand, he arranges for their wedding. After the marriage, Anand, along with his aunt and cousin, move into Rajasekhar’s house. Rajasekhar marries Dr. Malathy (M. N. Rajam) on Radha’s suggestion. All of them continue to live under the same roof and several misunderstandings crop up. Anand’s aunt uses every opportunity to widen the rift between Malathy and Radha and Radha and Anand. Unable to witness Radha’s troubles, Rajasekhar moves out of the house with his wife, Through Radha, Anand’s aunt serves a legal notice to Rajasekhar, demanding a share in the property for Radha. Malathy files a counter petition and the property is attached by the court, pending resolution. Unable to see Radha’s sufferings, Rajasekhar withdraws the case. Still the families don’t unite. Radha delivers a girl and Malathy delivers a boy. After her child’s birth, Malathy goes abroad for further studies, leaving the child with Rajasekhar.
Unable to cope with the separation from his sister and to have peace of mind, Rajasekhar goes on a pilgrimage for several months. He returns on Diwali day and goes to meet Radha, but is denied entry by Anand’s aunt. While going back, he saves a little girl from getting burnt by fire crackers and in the process, loses his eyesight. He is hospitalised and Radha rushes to the hospital to see her brother. Rajasekhar learns that the girl he saved is none other than his niece. Unable to cope with his inability to see them, he dies; Radha too dies holding his hand. The duo becomes an epitome of brother-sister relationship. In the shadow of their deaths, the children unite and seek their heavenly blessings.
- Sivaji Ganesan as Rajasekharan
- Gemini Ganesan as Anand
- Savitri as Radha
- K. A. Thangavelu
- M. N. Rajam
- M. N. Nambiar
- M. R. Santhanam
- K. D. Santhanam
- S. A. Kannan
- M. Saroja
- 'Baby' Kanchana
- 'Baby' Malathi
- Producer: M. R. Santhanam & K. Mohan (Mohan Arts)
- Production Company: Rajamani Pictures
- Director: A. Bhimsingh
- Music: Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
- Lyrics: Kannadasan
- Story: K. P. Kottarakara
- Screenplay: A. Bhimsingh
- Dialogues: Aarur Dass
- Art Direction: K. Mohan
- Editing: A. Bhimsingh, A. Paul Duraisingh & R. Thirumalai
- Choreography: Chinni - Sampath
- Cinematography: G. Vittal Rao
- Stunt: None
- Audiography: T. S. Rangasamy
- Dance: None
The story for Paasa Malar was written by K. P. Kottakara. He went around telling the story to many, but none came forward to make it as a film. He tried to meet Bhimsingh several times, who was so busy that they could not meet. Finally, Kottakara sent him a chit saying he had a new script based on "brother-sister love" and met him during the lunch break of his shooting, then became emotional after listening to the story and agreed to make it as a film.
The film was produced by one of the closest friends of Sivaji Ganesan, K. Mohan who is the owner of the famous 'The Mohan Arts'(Cine Banner/Cutout Company) which is functioning since 1951 in Chennai. He produced the film under the Banner of 'Rajamani Pictures' which is Sivaji's mother's name as a tribute to her. Along with him, Mr.M.R.Santhanam was a co-producer. Mr. Mohan was also the 'Art Director' of the film. Aarurdas who wrote dialogues for dubbed films made his debut as dialogue writer and he went on to wrote dialogues for 28 films of Sivaji.
Few scenes were shot at Sivaji's home in T. Nagar and the location was used for other Sivaji starrers. Aroor Das said that Sivaji was 31 and Savithri was 24 when the film was made. One day, the climax with the highly emotional dialogue, "Kai Veesamma Kai Veesu" was being canned, during the break, Sivaji didn’t even have lunch as he want to starve the whole day to get the perfect emotion and diction for the scene.
It was Kannadasan who suggested to name the film as Paasamalargal. Aaroor Das suggested to keep it as Paasamalar which was liked by Sivaji and Bhimsingh.
Themes and influences
According to Soorian Kasi Pandian, Pasamalar means "Flower of Love". The term "Pasa" refers to brotherly love which involves sacrifices for his loved sister.
The music composed by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy. The soundtrack was released under the label Saregama. "Vaarayen Thozhi Vaarayo", is still played in many Tamil weddings, it was composed in Abheri Raga. The song provided major breakthrough for its playback singer LR Eeswari. The song was originally composed for the film Manapandhal. Ramanna, director of that film rejected the song however Bhimsingh who liked the song decided to use the song.
All the songs were well received and became chartbusters. G. Dhananjayan wrote "The film's outstanding songs enhanced its appeal further".
|1||Anbu Malar||M. S. Viswanathan||Kannadasan||02:25|
|2||Engalukkum Kaalam Varum||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela||03:30|
|3||Malargalai Pol Thangai (Sad)||T. M. Soundararajan||01:58|
|4||Malargalai Pol Thangai||T. M. Soundararajan||05:24|
|5||Malarnthum Malaradha||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela||05:10|
|8||Vaarayen Thozhi||L. R. Eswari||05:30|
|9||Yaar Yaar Aval||P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela||04:02|
Paasa Malar holds the record for having been made in the most number of languages, including Sinhala. It was remade in Hindi as Rakhi, in 1962, by Bhimsingh, starring Ashok Kumar, Waheeda Rehman and Pradeep Kumar. It was a major success & Ashok Kumar won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor & K.P. Kottarakara the Filmfare Award for Best Story. This film was again remade in Hindi in 1986 by Vijay Sadanah, as Aisa Pyaar Kahan with Jeetendra, Padmini Kolhapure, Jaya Prada and Mithun Chakraborty. It was remade in Kannada as Vathsalya with Dr. Rajkumar. It was remade in Telugu as Raktha Sambandham with N. T. Rama Rao.
The film ran for 175 days at Chennai, Chithra Theatre in Mount Road with 3 regular shows and at Madurai for 200 days.
M. Suganth of Times of India noted: "Pasa Malar is actually not a feel-bad movie. Yes, it is melancholic but it also restores your faith in human relationships, not just the brother-sister bond which is the crux of this tale, and its unflinching pursuit of pathos only feels audacious now". Sify called it "most memorable film on sister sentiments". Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan called it "a milestone movie" and mentioned that "Movies may come and go but this one will stay forever in the hearts of those who had a chance to see it".
The film won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil - Certificate of Merit for the Second Best Feature Film in 1962.
The film became a trendsetter and inspired similar films of brother-sister relationships like Pachai Vilakku (1964), Mullum Malarum (1978), Bairavi (1978), Dharma Yuddham (1979), Cheran Pandiyan (1992) and Kizhakku Cheemayile (1993). In July 2007, S. R. Ashok Kumar of The Hindu asked eight Tamil film directors to list their all-time favourite Tamil films; four of them - K. Balachander, Balu Mahendra, Mani Ratnam, K. S. Ravikumar - named "Pasamalar" as one of the favourite films in Tamil. K. S. Ravikumar said "As a kid I saw ‘Pasamalar’ and cried. As an adult, each time I have seen it I was moved to tears. That is the power of the script and the performance of lead players". On 2007, during Raksha Bandhan, Behindwoods wrote:"The mother of all Brother sister relationship movies, A landmark movie and a heart wrenching brother sister story. Samy remarked that his directorial Kangaroo (2015) is a "modern day Pasamalar".
In popular culture
Pasamalar has been parodied and referenced many times. The dialogue from this film "En Kannaye Unkitta Oppadaikaren, Adhula ennikume Anandakanneera naan pakkanum, Manjal Kungumamthoda Nee Needoozhi Vazhavendum" (I am giving my sister to you, she should always shed happy tears, you should live long with prosperity) became one of the famous dialogues in the film. The dialogue appears in the song "Sakkarakattikku" from Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu (1986) in which a small boy utters imagining the marriage of Radha. In a comedy scene from Magudam (1993), Senthil utters the dialogue in a lighter vein to his sister. Goundamani who has married his sister is irritated that the lady is blackish in colour and she doesn't deserve these words. In Thai Porandachu (2000), Vivek sings "Malargalai Pol Thangai" in a lighter vein after hearing the sob story of his tenant. In Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham (1999), Vivek sings the same song after hearing that the lady sweeper is married. In Thangam (2008), Sathyaraj sings the same song to his sister just like Sivaji's character from the film. In Thoranai (2009), when Paravai Muniyamma and Mayilsamy falls down unconscious reminiscent of the film's climax, Santhanam jokingly remarks that as if there are the brother-sister pair from "Pasamalar". An unrelated television serial of the same name produced by Home Media Makers and directed by Azhagar was aired on Sun TV.
On 19 August 2013, a day before Raksha Bandhan, film historian/actor Mohan Raman tweeted, "Happy Pasa Malar /Mullum Malarum Day—honour that brother-sister relationship", referencing both the films which received praise for their depictions of a brother-sister relationship".
The following year, Sivaji and Savithri acted as lead pair in a film called Ellam Unakkaga. The film became a failure as the audience couldn't digest Sivaji and Savitri as lovers after seeing them as siblings.
A digitally restored version of Pasamalar was released on 15 August 2013. M. Suganth of The Times of India rated it a perfect 5 out of 5, saying "The restoration, cinemascope and audio conversion are pretty good while the trimming (by veteran editor Lenin, Bhimsingh's son) manages to retain the continuity to a large extent." The Digital conversion was done by Prasad EFX, Chennai.
- "Pasamalar Release". nadigarthilagam. Retrieved 2014-11-23.
- "Pasamalar". gomolo. Retrieved 2014-11-23.
- Dhananjayan 2014, p. 150.
- Dhananjayan 2014, p. 151.
- Dhananjayan 2011, p. 202.
- Dhananjayan 2014, p. 151,152.
- Soorian Kasi Pandian 2011, p. 96.
- "Pasamalar Songs". raaga. Retrieved 2014-11-23.
- Dhananjayan 2014, p. 152.
- "9th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- Paasamalar (DVD): clip from 1.28.44 to 1.29.03
- Mella Thirandhathu Kanavu (DVD)
- Thai Porandaachu
- Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham DVD
- Thangam DVD
- Thoranai DVD
- G. Dhananjayan (2011). The Best of Tamil Cinema: 1931 to 1976. Galatta Media. p. 202.
- Dhananjayan, G. (2014). Pride of Tamil Cinema: 1931 to 2013. Blue Ocean Publishers.
- Pandian, Soorian Kasi (2011). India, That is, Sidd. Galatta Media.